Swedish Red-and-White

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Swedish Red-and-White
a cow, deep red with some white markings
Conservation statusFAO (2007): not at risk[1]:145
Other names
  • Swedish: Svensk Röd och Vit Boskap
  • SRB
Country of originSweden
Distributionnationwide
Usemilk
Traits
Weight
  • Male:
    1050 kg[2]
  • Female:
    550 kg[2]
Coatred and white
Horn statushorned in both sexes
  • Cattle
  • Bos (primigenius) taurus

The Swedish Red-and-White, Swedish: 'Svensk Röd och Vit Boskap', frequently abbreviated to SRB, is a Swedish breed of dairy cattle. It was created in the 1920s by fusion of the Swedish Red Pied and Swedish Ayrshire breeds.

History[edit]

The Swedish Red-and-White breed was formed in 1927[3]:12[4] or 1928[5]:307[6] by merging the populations of the Swedish Red Pied (Swedish: Rödbrokig Svensk Boskap, often abbreviated to RSB)[6] and Swedish Ayrshire breeds.[2] The traditional Herrgård,[7] Skåne[8] and Småland[9] breeds had already been merged into the Swedish Red Pied at some time between 1892 and 1928.[10] All four of these constituent breeds are now reported to DAD-IS as extinct.[6][7][8][9]

The Swedish Red-and-White is one the two principal dairy breeds of Sweden, and in 2001 constituted almost 48% of the national dairy herd, just barely outnumbering the Svensk Låglandsboskap or Swedish Friesian breed.[3]:13 In 2014 the total population was reported at just under 354 000.[2]

Characteristics[edit]

The Swedish Red-and-White is red with white markings.[4]

Use[edit]

The Swedish Red-and-White is a dairy breed. The milk has a fat content of 4.3%.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Barbara Rischkowsky, D. Pilling (eds.) (2007). List of breeds documented in the Global Databank for Animal Genetic Resources, annex to The State of the World's Animal Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. ISBN 9789251057629. Accessed November 2016.
  2. ^ a b c d e Breed data sheet: Svensk röd och vit boskap (SRB)/Sweden. Domestic Animal Diversity Information System of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Accessed November 2016.
  3. ^ a b [Swedish Board of Agriculture] (2002). Country report on animal genetic resources for food and agriculture in Sweden[permanent dead link], annex to The State of the World's Animal Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. ISBN 9789251057629. Accessed November 2016.
  4. ^ a b Breed description: Swedish Red And White Cattle. Department of Animal Breeding and Genetics, School of Veterinary Medicine Hannover. Archived 15 November 2007.
  5. ^ Valerie Porter, Lawrence Alderson, Stephen J.G. Hall, D. Phillip Sponenberg (2016). Mason's World Encyclopedia of Livestock Breeds and Breeding (sixth edition). Wallingford: CABI. ISBN 9781780647944.
  6. ^ a b c Breed data sheet: Rödbrokig Svensk Boskap/Sweden. Domestic Animal Diversity Information System of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Accessed November 2016.
  7. ^ a b Breed data sheet: Herrgard/Sweden. Domestic Animal Diversity Information System of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Accessed November 2016.
  8. ^ a b Breed data sheet: Skane/Sweden. Domestic Animal Diversity Information System of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Accessed November 2016.
  9. ^ a b Breed data sheet: Smaland/Sweden. Domestic Animal Diversity Information System of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Accessed November 2016.
  10. ^ Rawlynce C. Bett, Mwai A. Okeyo, Birgitta Malmfors, Kjell Johansson, Morris Agaba, Donald R. Kugonza, A.K.F.H. Bhuiyan, Anibal E. Vercesi Filho, Arthur S. Mariante, Fidalis D. Mujibi, Jan Philipsson (2013). Cattle Breeds: Extinction or Quasi-Extant?. Resources 2 (3): 335–357. doi:10.3390/resources2030335.