Nordic Resistance Movement

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Nordic Resistance Movement
Nordiska motståndsrörelsen
Leader Simon Lindberg
Founder Klas Lund
Founded 1 December 1997
Headquarters Stockholm
Newspaper Nordfront
Ideology National Socialism
Pan-Scandinavianism
Political position Far right
Colours Green
Parliament
0 / 349
European Parliament
0 / 18
Counties
0 / 1,662
Municipalities
1 / 12,978
Party flag
Flag of Nordic Resistance Movement.png
Website
nordfront.se
Members of SMR taking part in a demonstration on National Day in Stockholm on June 6, 2007. Police are escorting the demonstrators to prevent violent clashes with anti-fascists.

The Nordic Resistance Movement (Swedish: Nordiska Motståndsrörelsen; NMR, Norwegian: Nordiske motstandsbevegelsen; NMB, Finnish: Pohjoismainen vastarintaliike; PVL, Danish: Den Nordiske modstandsbevægelse; NMB) is a Swedish political party[1] and a Nordic National Socialist[2] organisation that exists in Sweden, Finland, Norway and Denmark. The leader of the organisation is Simon Lindberg, whereas the political wing in Sweden is managed by Pär Öberg.

The organisation is known for its opposition to non-white immigration to Sweden.[3] The Swedish branch of NRM is considered a central actor in Sweden's white power movement.[4]

Origin[edit]

In the mid-1990s, former members of White Aryan Resistance (VAM) were released from prison and formed the core of the Swedish Resistance Movement.[5] The organisation was founded in December 1997 by individuals working with Folktribunen, the neo-National Socialist magazine, and members of National Youth and VAM, the now discontinued far-right organisation.[6]

Aim[edit]

The aim of Nordic Resistance Movement is to establish a Nordic National Socialist government by revolution or elections.[7] The organization says its fight will require bloodshed.[8] SMR praise Adolf Hitler[9] and Corneliu Codreanu in their publications.

Tactics[edit]

Their main tactics are distributing leaflets and making public speeches in inner-city areas about National Socialism and immigration. Their camps in the Swedish woods have led some people to believe that they are training for a civil war or a revolution, although all such claims have been publicly rejected by the organisation. In November 2003 the Swedish Security Service raided homes of leading members, among them Klas Lund, who was later sentenced to prison for illegal possession of firearms.[10]

They also publish the Nationellt Motstånd magazine.[citation needed]

Kärrtorp attack[edit]

On 15 December 2013, 30 to 40 members of the Swedish Resistance Movement attacked an anti-racist demonstration in Kärrtorp, a suburb of Stockholm. The activist network Linje 17, named after the subway line that passes through Kärrtorp, organized the demonstration after Nazi symbols had been painted in several locations. The attack left many people injured, including young and elderly protestors.[11][12] In late April 2014, a man who stabbed one of the neo-Nazis during the attack with a knife was convicted and given a six-year prison sentence.[13] Seven of the neo-Nazis involved in the attacks were sentenced from six to eight months imprisonment.[14]

Leadership[edit]

Little is known about the leadership, but its founder and former leader is Klas Lund. The leader of the organisation now is Simon Lindberg whereas the political party formed as part of it is managed by Pär Öberg.

Youth organisation[edit]

Nationell Ungdom was the youth organisation of the Swedish Resistance Movement. However, in May 2006 it was announced that the youth organisation was being disbanded and all its members and activities would now become part of the main organisation.[citation needed] The main reason given was that "no youth organisation has ever made any revolutionary changes in society" and that it would be better if the young recruits were groomed as adults.

Branches[edit]

Finnish Resistance Movement[edit]

Finnish Resistance Movement (Finnish: Suomen vastarintaliike) is a Finnish branch of the Nordic Resistance Movement. The Finnish Resistance Movement is active in at least the cities of Helsinki, Turku, Tampere, Oulu, Jyväskylä and Pori. One of the main tactics has been the planting of propaganda stickers and posters, but the organization has also engaged in violence.[15] The members are also participating in combat training arranged by the organization.[16] Researchers have commented that it is not surprising the Finnish Resistance Movement is escalating its use of violence.[17]

Acts of violence[edit]

The Finnish Resistance Movement has a history of using escalated levels of violence. Some of the violent attacks that have been reported by the media include:

  • In September 2016 the movement organized a demonstration in downtown Helsinki, where a passer-by, who stopped to contradict the group, was beaten. A week later the 28-year old died of a brain hemorrhage. The movement called their action an instance of "swift disciplining."[18][19]
  • In August 2015 the movement organized a demonstration in Jyväskylä, where a stabbing of three individuals had taken place in 2013. The police detained 32 people.[20][21][22]
  • In May 2015, the movement intruded on a church assembly to hand out Magneettimedia magazines; this resulted in a brawl with event security.[23]
  • In January 2014 members in Vantaa assaulted a man who criticized their fliers.[24] On May Day of the same year, members disrupted the Pori Left Alliance May Day parade by throwing smoke bombs into crowds of spectators, blaring sirens and shouting into a megaphone.[25] Police detained seven neo-nazis, with harmful objects confiscated.[26]
  • In January 2013 three members of the Finnish Resistance Movement attacked a library discussion event in Jyväskylä.[27] Violence included stabbing one of the event organizers with a knife, who was without proper authorization posing as a security guard for the said event. Two members of the Finnish Resistance Movement were arrested. One is still at large.[28] The police investigation found that a single member of the Finnish Resistance Movement had collected a database of 300 political opponents.[29] The event was a presentation of a book examining the increasing support of the extreme right in Finland.[30]
  • In July 2012 a member of the Finnish Resistance Movement attacked a gay rights event in Oulu. One person was hospitalized due to use of pepper spray by the attacker.[31] A member of the Finnish Resistance Movement was later arrested for the crime.
  • Before the Finnish 2011 parliamentary election members of the Finnish Resistance Movement attacked a National Coalition Party election official.[32]
  • In July 2010 members of the Finnish Resistance Movement attacked a gay pride event in Helsinki. Gay pride participants and bystanders were assaulted with tear gas and pepper spray. Some victims were small children. Three members of the Finnish Resistance Movement were later charged for 87 counts of assault, 71 counts of violations of political freedoms and substance possession.[33]
  • In January 2006, in an antisemitic incident at Stockholm, and day before the International Holocaust Remembrance Day, a handful of extreme right activists of the Nordic Resistance Movement (Svenska motståndsrörelsen), held a symbolic demonstration in Sergel Square. They burned the flag of Israel and hung a banner over one of the busiest roads of Sweden which read: ‘vi Älskar Arier’ (‘we love Aryans’).[34]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.val.se/det_svenska_valsystemet/partier/lista_registrerade_partibeteckningar/
  2. ^ "Nazisters vapengömma sprängd". Svenska Dagbladet (in Swedish). 11 March 2008. Retrieved 30 May 2013. 
  3. ^ "Adaktusson fortsätter granskningen av nazisterna i Svenska motståndsrörelsen" (in Swedish). TV8. Archived from the original on September 28, 2009. 
  4. ^ "Politiskt extremism - Grupper inom vit makt-miljön" (in Swedish). Swedish Security Service. 
  5. ^ "Fakta Sv. Motståndsrörelsen/Nationell Ungdom" (in Swedish). =Expo. 
  6. ^ "Fakta Sv. Motståndsrörelsen/Nationell Ungdom" (in Swedish). =Expo. 
  7. ^ "Politiskt extremism - Grupper inom vit makt-miljön" (in Swedish). Swedish Security Service. 
  8. ^ "Exklusiv intervju med första avhopparen från nazistgruppen Svenska motståndsrörelsen" (in Swedish). Adaktusson's blogg. 
  9. ^ Patriot.nu
  10. ^ Stefan Lisinski; Lasse Wierup (25 November 2003). "Nazistledare gripen för vapenbrott" (in Swedish). DN. 
  11. ^ "Kärrtorp solidarity demo draws 150 in Helsinki". YLE. 22 December 2013. Retrieved 30 April 2014. 
  12. ^ Morgenstein, Mark (15 December 2013). "Neo-Nazis attack anti-racism demonstrators in Sweden". CNN. Retrieved 30 April 2014. 
  13. ^ Gustavsson, Andreas (29 April 2014). "35-åringen i Kärrtorp dömd till fängelse för dråpförsök". ETC (in Swedish). Retrieved 1 May 2014. 
  14. ^ Lagerwall, Katarina (26 March 2014). "Dom mot nazisterna i Kärrtorp". Dagens Nyheter (in Swedish). Retrieved 1 May 2014. 
  15. ^ citation needed
  16. ^ Extreme right radicals seeking more visible presence in Finland
  17. ^ Researcher: Jyväskylä knife attack no surprise
  18. ^ http://www.iltasanomat.fi/kotimaa/art-2000001263340.html
  19. ^ http://www.iltalehti.fi/uutiset/2016091722332205_uu.shtml
  20. ^ http://yle.fi/uutiset/kansallissosialistit_mellakoivat_jyvaskylassa__kymmenia_otettu_kiinni/8197342
  21. ^ http://yle.fi/uutiset/jyvaskylan_pahoinpitelyn_uhri_uusnatseille_kirjastopuukotuksesta_tuttu/8197958
  22. ^ http://yle.fi/uutiset/poliisi_mielenosoittajat_ryntasivat_kauppakeskukseen__mita_ilmeisemmin_yhteisesta_kaskysta
  23. ^ http://yle.fi/uutiset/aarioikeistoliike_tunkeutui_kirkkopaiville__kahakka_jarjestysmiesten_kanssa
  24. ^ [1]
  25. ^ http://www.satakunnankansa.fi/Satakunta/1194898196070/artikkeli/eetunaukiolta+kiinni+seitseman+uusnatsia+epaillaan+vaaran+aiheuttamisesta.html
  26. ^ http://www.satakunnankansa.fi/Satakunta/1194898361988/artikkeli/poliisi+jatkaa+vapun+rahinointien+tutkintaa+eetunaukion+uusnatsit+vapaiksi.html
  27. ^ Knifing at event dealing with right-wing extremism
  28. ^ One suspect in Jyväskylä stabbing still at large
  29. ^ Extensive personal data files found in connection with Jyväskylä knifing
  30. ^ Book: Racism becoming more acceptable in Finland
  31. ^ Pepper spray assault at gay event
  32. ^ Extreme right radicals seeking more visible presence in Finland
  33. ^ Charges over the Pride Parade Attack
  34. ^ CFCA. "Antisemitic extreme right activity". The Coordination Forum for Countering Antisemitism. 

External links[edit]