Swedish exonyms

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Below is list of Swedish language exonyms for places in non-Swedish-speaking areas of the world.

Older Swedish forms, which are not commonly used nowadays, are in brackets ().

In general[edit]

Diacritical marks (such as ´ ` ^ etc above letters) are generally stripped, except that Å, Ä, Ö, are kept, and usually also Ü and É (but È and Á are written E and A). Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic and Faroese Æ and Ø are often written as AE or Ä and Ö, especially in the press.

Foreign place names containing a direction such as South or Upper are often translated, e.g.:

but U.S. states nowadays keep their English names in Sweden:

  • e.g. South Carolina and West Virginia

Albania[edit]

English name Local name (Albanian) Swedish name
Albania Shqipëri/Shqipëria Albanien
Tirana Tiranë Tirana

Argentina[edit]

English name Local name (Spanish) Swedish name
Patagonia Patagonia Patagonien
Tierra del Fuego Tierra del Fuego Eldslandet

Austria[edit]

English name Local name (German) Swedish name
Austria Österreich Österrike
Alps Alpen Alperna
Tyrol Tirol Tyrolen

Belgium[edit]

English name Local name (Dutch/French) Swedish name
Belgium België/Belgique Belgien
Bruges Brugge/Bruges Brygge
Brussels Brussel/Bruxelles Bryssel (Brüssel)
Ostend Oostende/Ostende Ostende
Ypres Ieper/Ypres Ypern

Bulgaria[edit]

English name Local name (Bulgarian) Swedish name
Bulgaria Bâlgariya Bulgarien
Balkan Mountains Stara Planina Balkanbergen
Danube Dunav Donau
Dobruja Dobrudzha Dobrudzja
Thrace Trakiya Thrakien

China[edit]

English name Local name (Chinese) Swedish name
China Zhōngguó Kina
Beijing Běijīng Peking or Beijing
Canton Guangzhou Kanton
Great Wall of China Chángchéng Kinesiska muren
Hong Kong Xianggang Hongkong
Tiananmen Square Tiān'ānmén Guǎngchǎng Himmelska fridens torg

Croatia[edit]

English name Local name (Croatian) Swedish name
Croatia Hrvatska Kroatien
Dalmatia Dalmacija Dalmatien
Danube Dunav Donau
Istria Istra Istrien
Slavonia Slavonija Slavonien

Cuba[edit]

English name Local name (Spanish) Swedish name
Cuba Cuba Kuba
Havana Habana Havanna

Czech Republic[edit]

English name Local name (Czech) Swedish name
Czech Republic Česká republika Tjeckiska republiken/Tjeckien
Bohemia Čechy Böhmen
Elbe Labe Elbe
Moravia Morava Mähren
Prague Praha Prag
Silesia Slezko Schlesien

Denmark[edit]

English name Local name (Danish) Swedish name
Aabenraa Aabenraa Åbenrå
Aalborg Aalborg Ålborg
Aarhus Aarhus Århus
Elsinore Helsingør Helsingör
Copenhagen København Köpenhamn
Peberholm Peberholm Pepparholm
Zealand Sjælland Själland

Newspapers in Sweden usually write all æ as ä or ae and all ø as ö, because of the lack of æ and ø on the Windows keyboard layout for Swedish, and historically because of the lack of them on Swedish typewriters. Swedish newspapers normally write aa as å. Aa is the traditional spelling of the "aw" sound in Danish, but this spelling does not exist for this sound in Swedish. Both spellings of the sound exist in Danish, but aa is preferred for names.

Swedish Wikipedia writes Danish place names using the original æ and ø, except for those listed above.

Egypt[edit]

English name Local name (Arabic) Swedish name
Egypt Miṣr or Maṣr Egypten
Alexandria al-Iskandariyya Alexandria
Cairo al-Qāhira Kairo
Luxor al-Uqṣur Luxor
Nile an-Nīl Nilen

Estonia[edit]

Estonia had a significant indigenous Swedish-speaking population until the mid-20th Century, so many of these names are not really exonyms in the strict sense of the word.

English name Local name (Estonian) Swedish name
Estonia Eesti Estland
Haapsalu Haapsalu Hapsal
Hiiumaa Hiiumaa Dagö
Kärdla Kärdla (Kärrdal)
Osmussaar Osmussaar Odensholm
Pakri Pakri Rågö
Ruhnu Ruhnu Runö
Saaremaa Saaremaa Ösel
Tallinn Tallinn Tallinn (Lindanäs, Räffle, Reval)
Tartu Tartu Tartu (Dorpat)
Vormsi Vormsi Ormsö

Faroe Islands[edit]

English name Local name Swedish name
Faroe Islands Føroyar Färöarna
Tórshavn Tórshavn Torshamn or Tórshavn

Finland[edit]

Swedish is one of the two official languages of Finland, so the Swedish names of places in Finland are not exonyms.

France[edit]

English name Local name (French) Swedish name
France France Frankrike
Alps Alpes Alperna
Aquitaine Aquitaine Akvitanien
Ardennes Ardennes Ardennerna
Burgundy Bourgogne Burgund
Corsica Corse Korsika
French Guiana Guyane Franska Guyana
New Caledonia Nouvelle-Calédonie Nya Kaledonien
Normandy Normandie Normandie or Normandiet
Pyrenees Pyrénées Pyrenéerna
Rhine Rhin Rhen

Germany[edit]

English name Local name (German) Swedish name
Germany Deutschland Tyskland
Alps Alpen Alperna
Gottorp Gottorf Gottorp
Rhine Rhein Rhen
Rhineland Rheinland Rhenlandet
Ruhr district Ruhrgebiet Ruhrområdet

Greece[edit]

English name Local name (Greek) Swedish name
Greece Hellas Grekland
Athens Athina Aten or Athen
Attica Attiki Attika
Boeotia Viotia Boiotien
Corfu Kerkyra Korfu
Corinth Korinthos Korinth
Crete Kriti Kreta
Cyclades Kyklades Kykladerna
Dodecanese Dodekánisa Dodekaneserna or Tolvöarna
Epirus Ipeiros Epirus
Euboea Evvia Euboia
Heraklion Iraklio Heraklion
Ionian Islands Ionia nisia Joniska öarna
Macedonia Makedonía Makedonien
Missolonghi Mesolongi Messolonghi
Naupactus Nafpaktos Naupaktos
Patras Patra Patras
Pireus Peiraiás Pireus
Rhodes Rodos Rhodos
Samothrace Samothraki Samothrake
Sparta Sparti Sparta
Thebes Thivai Thebe
Thessaloniki Thessaloniki Thessaloniki or Saloniki
Thessaly Thessalia Thessalien
Thrace Thraki Thrakien

Hungary[edit]

English name Local name (Hungarian) Swedish name
Hungary Magyarország Ungern
Danube Duna Donau

Iceland[edit]

English name Local name (Icelandic) Swedish name
Iceland Ísland Island
Heimaey Heimaey Hemön
Reykjavík Reykjavík Reykjavik
Vestmannaeyjar Vestmannaeyjar Västmannaöarna

Iraq[edit]

English name Local name (Arabic) Swedish name
Baghdad Baġdād Bagdad
Euphrates al-Furāt Eufrat
Tigris Dijla Tigris

Israel and Palestine[edit]

English name Local name (Hebrew/Arabic) Swedish name
Acre ‘Akko/‘Akkā Akko
Bethlehem Beyt Leḥem/Bayt Laḥm Betlehem
Capernaum Kfar Nahum/Talhum Kafarnaum (Kapernaum)
Galilee HaGalil/al-Jalīl Galileen
Hebron Ḥevron/al-Khalīl Hebron
Jaffa Yafo/Yaffa Jaffa
Jericho Yeriḥo/‘Arīḥā Jeriko
Jerusalem Yerushaláyim/al-Quds al-Sharif Jerusalem
Judea Yehuda/Yahudia Judeen
Nazareth Natzrat or Natzeret/al-Nāṣira or al-Naseriyye Nasaret
Tiberias Tverya/Ṭabariyya Tiberias

Italy[edit]

English name Local name (Italian) Swedish name
Italy Italia Italien
Alps Alpi Alperna
Calabria Calabria Kalabrien
Campania Campania Kampanien
Florence Firenze Florens
Genoa Genova Genua
Liguria Liguria Ligurien
Lombardy Lombardia Lombardiet
Naples Napoli Neapel
Padua Padova Padua
Rome Roma Rom
Sardinia Sardegna Sardinien
Sicily Sicilia Sicilien
Syracuse Siracusa Syrakusa
Tiber Tevere Tibern
Turin Torino Turin
Tyrol Tirolo Tyrolen
Umbria Umbria Umbrien
Venice Venezia Venedig
Venetia Veneto Venetien
Vesuvius Vesuvio Vesuvius

Latvia[edit]

English name Local name (Latvian) Swedish name
Latvia Latvija Lettland
Courland Kurzeme Kurland
Latgale Latgale Lettgallen
Zemgale Zemgale Semgallen

Lebanon[edit]

English name Local name (Arabic) Swedish name
Lebanon al-Libnān Libanon
Beirut Bayrūt Beirut
Sidon Ṣaydā Sayda (Sidon)
Tyre Ṣūr Tyros

Lithuania[edit]

English name Local name (Lithuanian) Swedish name
Lithuania Lietuva Litauen
Lithuania Minor Mažoji Lietuva Lilla Litauen
Samogitia Žemaitija Samogitien

Luxembourg[edit]

English name Local name (French/German/Luxembourgian) Swedish name
Luxembourg Luxembourg/Luxemburg/Lëtzebuerg Luxemburg

Mali[edit]

English name Local name (French) Swedish name
Timbuktu Tombouctou Timbuktu

Mexico[edit]

English name Local name (Spanish) Swedish name
Mexico City Ciudad de México Mexico City

Morocco[edit]

English name Local name (Arabic) Swedish name
Morocco al-Maġrib Marocko
Casablanca ed-Dah el-Biḍa Casablanca
Marrakesh Murrākuš Marrakech
Tangier Ṭanjah Tanger

The Netherlands[edit]

English name Local name (Dutch) Swedish name
(The) Netherlands Nederland Nederländerna
The Hague Den Haag Haag
Rhine Rijn Rhen

Norway[edit]

The mutually intelligible Norwegian and Swedish languages have different spelling systems for the same sounds. Newspapers in Sweden usually write all æ as ä or ae and all ø as ö, because of the lack of æ and ø on the Windows keyboard layout for Swedish, and historically because of the lack of them on Swedish typewriters. Apart from æ and ø, the Norwegian spelling is used in Sweden.

Examples include Askøy, Bodø, Bærum, Galdhøpiggen, Gjøvik, Hønefoss, Røros, Stjørdal, Tønsberg, Tromsø, Vadsø and Østfold, which are usually by media written as Asköy, Bodö, Bärum, Galdhöpiggen, Gjövik, Hönefoss, Röros, Stjördal, Tönsberg, Tromsö, Vadsö and Östfold.

The Norwegian spelling with æ and ø is still often used. Swedish Wikipedia writes Norwegian place names using the original æ and ø.

Poland[edit]

English name Local name (Polish) Swedish name
Poland Polska Polen
Carpathians Karpaty Karpaterna
Galicia Galicja Galizien
Gdańsk Gdańsk Gdansk (archaic: Danzig)
Greater Poland Wielkopolskie Storpolen
Lesser Poland Małopolskie Lillpolen
Masuria Mazury Masurien
Mazovia Mazowieckie Masovien
Pomerania Pomorze Pommern
Silesia Śląsk Schlesien
Szczecin Szczecin Stettin or Szczecin
Warmia Warmia Ermland
Warsaw Warszawa Warszawa (archaic: Varsjava, Warschau)

Portugal[edit]

English name Local name (Portuguese) Swedish name
Lisbon Lisboa Lissabon

Republic of Ireland[edit]

English name Local name (English) Swedish name
Republic of Ireland (Republiken) Irland

Romania[edit]

English name Local name (Romanian) Swedish name
Romania România Rumänien
Bucharest Bucureşti Bukarest
Carpathians Carpați Karpaterna
Danube Dunărea Donau
Dobruja Dobrogea Dobrudzja
Moldavia Moldova Moldavien
Transylvania Transilvania Transsylvanien
Wallachia Țara Românească/Valahia Valakiet

Russia[edit]

English name Local name (Russian) Swedish name
Russia Rossiya Ryssland
Bashkortostan Bashkortostan Basjkirien
Caucasus Kavkaz Kaukasien
Chechnya Chechnya Tjetjenien
Chukotka Chukotka Tjuktien
Chuvashia Chuvashiya Tjuvasjien
Ingria Ingermanlandiya Ingermanland
Ingushetia Ingushetiya Ingusjien
Kabardino-Balkaria Kabardino-Balkariya Kabardinien-Balkarien
Kalmykia Kalmykiya Kalmukien
Karachay-Cherkessia Karachayevo-Cherkesiya Karatjajen-Tjerkessien
Karelia Kareliya Karelen
Khakassia Khakasiya Chakassien
Mordovia Mordoviya Mordovien
North Ossetia-Alania Severnaya Osetiya-Alaniya Nordossetien
Pechenga Pechenga Petsamo
Petrozavodsk Petrozavodsk Petrozavodsk or Petroskoj (Onegaborg)
Priozersk Priozersk Kexholm
Red Square Krásnaya plóshchad Röda torget
Saint Petersburg Sankt Peterburg Sankt Petersburg
Shlisselburg Shlisselburg (Шлиссельбу́рг) Nöteborg
Siberia Sibir Sibirien
Udmurtia Udmurtiya Udmurtien
Vyborg Vyborg Viborg
Zelenogorsk [Saint Petersburg suburb] Zelenogorsk Terijoki

Some of these names are not really exonyms in the strict sense of the word, as the places have been part of Sweden, some founded as such.

Saudi Arabia[edit]

English name Local name (Arabic) Swedish name
Jeddah Jidda Jeddah
Mecca Makkah Mekka
Medina al-Madīnah Medina
Riyadh ar-Riyāḍ Riyadh

Slovakia[edit]

English name Local name (Slovak) Swedish name
Slovakia Slovensko Slovakien
Carpathians Karpaty Karpaterna
Danube Dunaj Donau

South Africa[edit]

English name Local name (English/Afrikaans/Xhosa) Swedish name
South Africa South Africa/Suid-Afrika/uMzantsi Afrika Sydafrika
Cape Town Cape Town/Kaapstad/iKapa Kapstaden

Spain[edit]

English name Local name (Spanish) Swedish name
Spain España Spanien
Andalusia Andalucía Andalusien
Aragon Aragón Aragonien
Asturias Asturias Asturien
Balearic Islands Islas Baleares (Catalan Illes Balears) Balearerna
Basque Country País Vasco (Basque Euskadi) Baskien
Canary Islands Islas Canarias Kanarieöarna
Cantabria Cantabria Kantabrien
Castile-La Mancha Castilla-La Mancha Kastilien-La Mancha
Castile and León Castilla y León Kastilien och Leon
Catalonia Cataluña (Catalan Catalunya) Katalonien
Galicia Galicia Galicien
Pyrenees Pireneos (Catalan Pirineus, Basque Pirinioak) Pyrenéerna
Tenerife Tenerife Teneriffa

Switzerland[edit]

English name Local name (German/French/Italian) Swedish name
Alps Alpen/Alpes/Alpi Alperna
Rhine Rhein/Rhin/Reno Rhen

Syria[edit]

English name Local name (Arabic) Swedish name
Syria as-Sūrīyah Syrien
Aleppo Ḥalab Aleppo
Damascus Dimashq Damaskus
Euphrates al-Furāt Eufrat

Turkey[edit]

English name Local name (Turkish) Swedish name
Turkey Türkiye Turkiet
Anatolia Anadolu Anatolien
Antioch Antakya Antiochia
Bosphorus Boğaziçi/İstanbul Boğazı Bosporen
Cappadocia Kapadokya Kappadokien
Cilicia Kilikya Kilikien
Dardanelles Çanakkale Boğazı Dardanellerna
Edirne
(Adrianople)
Edirne Edirne (Adrianopel)
Ephesus Efes Efesos
Euphrates Fırat Eufrat
Gallipoli Gelibolu Gallipoli
Halicarnassus Halikarnas Halikarnassos
Istanbul
(Constantinople)
İstanbul
(Kostantiniyye)
Istanbul (Stanbul)
(Konstantinopel)
(Miklagarðr/Miklagård (ancient Norse in the Viking age))
Thrace Trakya Thrakien
Tigris Dicle Tigris
Trabzon
(Trebizond)
Trabzon Trabzon (Trapezunt)
Troy Truva/Troia Troja

Ukraine[edit]

English name Local name (Ukrainian) Swedish name
Ukraine Ukrayina Ukraina
Carpathians Karpati Karpaterna
Danube Dunai Donau
Galicia Halychyna Galizien
Kiev Kyiv Kiev

United Kingdom[edit]

English name Local name (English) Swedish name
United Kingdom Förenade kungadömet
Storbritannien is preferred for the country
Great Britain Storbritannien
British Virgin Islands Brittiska Jungfruöarna
Hebrides Hebriderna
Inner Hebrides Inre Hebriderna
Northern Ireland Nordirland
Orkney Orkneyöarna
Outer Hebrides Yttre Hebriderna
Scotland Skottland
Shetland Shetlandsöarna
Thames Themsen

Some historic area names beginning with British are translated, such as British Guyana into "Brittiska Guyana". British Columbia in Canada is nowadays kept.

United States of America[edit]

English name Local name (English) Swedish name
United States of America Förenta Staterna, USA or Amerika
Appalachian Mountains Appalacherna
California Kalifornien
the Midwest Mellanvästern
Great Lakes Stora sjöarna
East Coast of the United States USA:s östkust
Rocky Mountains Klippiga bergen
Southern United States Sydstaterna
U.S. Virgin Islands Amerikanska Jungfruöarna

See also[edit]