Swedish general election, 2014

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Swedish general election, 2014
Sweden
2010 ←
14 September 2014 → 2018

All 349 seats to the Riksdag
175 seats are needed for a majority
Turnout 6,290,016 (85.8%)
Increase1.2 pp
  First party Second party Third party
  Stefan Löfven edited and cropped.jpg Fredrik Reinfeldt 2014-07-16.jpg Jimmie Åkesson inför slutdebatten.jpg
Leader Stefan Löfven Fredrik Reinfeldt Jimmie Åkesson
Party Social Democratic Moderate Sweden Democrats
Alliance none The Alliance none
Leader since 2012 2003 2005
Last election 112 seats, 30.7% 107 seats, 30.1% 20 seats, 5.7%
Seats won 113 84 49
Seat change Increase1 Decrease23 Increase29
Popular vote 1,932,711 1,453,517 801,178
Percentage 31.0% 23.3% 12.9%
Swing Increase0.3 pp Decrease6.8 pp Increase7.2 pp

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Gustav Fridolin, Asa Romson.jpg Annie Lööf 12 Sept 2014.jpg Jonas Sjöstedt in Sept 2014 -2.jpg
Leader Gustav Fridolin
Åsa Romson
Annie Lööf Jonas Sjöstedt
Party Green Centre Left
Alliance none The Alliance none
Leader since 2011 2011 2012
Last election 25 seats, 7.3% 23 seats, 6.6% 19 seats, 5.6%
Seats won 25 22 21
Seat change Steady0 Decrease1 Increase2
Popular vote 429,275 380,937 356,331
Percentage 6.9% 6.1% 5.7%
Swing Decrease0.4 pp Decrease0.5 pp Increase0.1 pp

  Seventh party Eighth party
  Jan Björklund in Sept 2014.jpg Goran Hagglund 0c225 3305-cropped.jpg
Leader Jan Björklund Göran Hägglund
Party Liberal People's Christian Democrats
Alliance The Alliance The Alliance
Leader since 2007 2004
Last election 24 seats, 7.1% 19 seats, 5.6%
Seats won 19 16
Seat change Decrease5 Decrease3
Popular vote 337,773 284,806
Percentage 5.4% 4.6%
Swing Decrease1.7 pp Decrease1.0 pp

Prime Minister before election

Fredrik Reinfeldt
Moderate

Prime Minister after election

Stefan Löfven
Social Democratic

General elections were held in Sweden on 14 September 2014 to elect the Riksdag, all 21 county councils and 290 municipal assemblies.

The centre-right Alliance for Sweden coalition (comprising the Moderate Party, Liberal People's Party, Centre Party and Christian Democrats) sought a third term in government. In contrast to the previous election, the three largest left-wing parties (the Social Democrats, Green Party and Left Party) ran independent campaigns, as did the far-right Sweden Democrats. A fourth left-wing party, Feminist Initiative, did not secure the 4% threshold.

The election result saw the three left-wing parties outpoll the Alliance for Sweden, with the two blocs respectively winning 159 and 141 seats. The Sweden Democrats doubled their support and won the remaining 49 seats. Fredrik Reinfeldt, the incumbent prime minister, lost his bid for a third term. On 3 October he was replaced by Stefan Löfven, who formed a minority government consisting of the Social Democrats and Greens.

Background[edit]

The 2010 general election saw the incumbent Alliance for Sweden coalition returned to power, though they lost their majority in the Riksdag and had to continue as a minority government. The coalition relied on ad hoc support from the opposition to pass legislation, particularly the Green Party.

The previous parliament had also passed some amendments to the Constitution of Sweden. Election days were moved from the third Sunday of September to the second Sunday of the same month. Another change was that the incumbent Prime Minister of Sweden, should he not resign immediately after the election, must be approved by the new Riksdag.[1]

Incumbent parties[edit]

The Social Democratic Party (S) was the largest political party in the Swedish Riksdag with 112 of the 349 seats. The Social Democratic Party had led a single-party government from 1994 to 2006, and had been the major political power of Sweden for much of the 20th century. For the 2010 general election the Social Democratic Party collaborated with the Green Party and the Left Party and sought to form a Red-Green coalition government. Similar cooperation did not take place prior to the 2014 election. Their current party leader Stefan Löfven has said they could potentially collaborate with the Centre Party and the Liberal People's Party in a future government. By the 2014 general election the Social Democratic Party had been in opposition for eight years, the longest such period in over 100 years.

The Moderate Party (M) was the second-largest party in the Riksdag with 107 seats. It was the largest governing party under Prime Minister Fredrik Reinfeldt, who was also its leader. Prior to the 2006 general election the Moderate Party had formed the Alliance for Sweden coalition, together with the Centre Party, the Liberal People's Party and the Christian Democrats. After the 2006 election they were able to form a majority coalition government. The Alliance successfully sought re-election in the 2010 general election, but were reduced to a minority coalition government.

The Green Party (MP) was the third-largest party in the Riksdag with 25 seats. They are the only Swedish party to have two spokespersons, currently Gustav Fridolin and Åsa Romson. The Green Party had participated in the Red-Green coalition prior to the 2010 general election. The coalition however lost that election, although the Green Party itself gained seats. The party has shown interest in participating in a future government, but has not made clear with whom.

The Liberal People's Party (FP) was the fourth-largest party in the Riksdag with 24 seats. The party had since 2010 been the second-largest governing party under Prime Minister Reinfeldt. Current party leader Jan Björklund was Deputy Prime Minister of Sweden and Sweden's Minister for Education. Prior to the 2006 general election the Liberal People's Party had formed the Alliance for Sweden coalition together with the Moderate Party, the Centre Party and the Christian Democrats. They formed a majority coalition government in 2006 and a minority coalition government in 2010.

The Centre Party (C) was the fifth-largest party in the Riksdag with 23 seats. The party had since 2010 been the third-largest governing party under Prime Minister Reinfeldt, having been the second-largest from 2006 to 2010. Current party leader Annie Lööf was Sweden's Minister for Enterprise. Prior to the 2006 general election the Centre Party had formed the Alliance for Sweden coalition together with the Moderate Party, the Liberal People's Party and the Christian Democrats. They formed a majority coalition government in 2006 and a minority coalition government in 2010.

The Sweden Democrats (SD) was the sixth-largest party in the Riksdag with 20 seats. In the 2010 general election the party had for the first time ever passed the 4% election threshold and entered the Riksdag. The party leader was Jimmie Åkesson. The other Riksdag parties have repeatedly stated that they will not cooperate with the Sweden Democrats in a future government.

The Left Party (V) was the seventh-largest party in the Riksdag with 19 seats. The current party leader was Jonas Sjöstedt. The Left Party had participated in the Red-Green coalition prior to the 2010 general election which sought confidence to govern Sweden; however this coalition lost the election. The party has shown interest in participating in a future government consisting of the Red-Green parties. The party has said that it will not support a future government of which it is not a part.

The Christian Democrats (KD) was the eighth-largest party in the Riksdag with 19 seats. It was the fourth-largest governing party under Prime Minister Reinfeldt. The current party leader Göran Hägglund was Sweden's Minister for Health and Social Affairs. Prior to the 2006 general election the Christian Democrats had formed the Alliance for Sweden coalition, together with the Moderate Party, the Liberal People's Party and the Centre Party. They formed a majority coalition government in 2006 and a minority coalition government in 2010.

Leadership changes[edit]

The election took place with several changes in party leadership from the 2010 election.

Social Democratic Party[edit]

Social Democratic party leader Mona Sahlin stepped down after her party's poor election results in 2010.[2] She was replaced by Håkan Juholt at the party congress on 25 March 2011. Juholt was previously the chairman for the parliamentary committee on defence issues (försvarsutskottet), and a 16-year MP representing Kalmar.[3] At the time of his appointment Juholt was considered by political commentators to represent the more traditional left wing of the Social Democratic Party.[4][5][6]

However, Juholt's time as party chairman only lasted ten months before he resigned on 21 January 2012 amid controversy surrounding a political affair.[7] The party executive board announced their endorsement of Stefan Löfven as the new party chairman on 26 January 2012; he was elected chairman of the party by members the following day.[7] Löfven was the chairman of IF Metall until his appointment and has had a long career as a trade union leader. As Löfven was not an elected MP he remained unable to participate in the day-to-day activities and debates in the Riksdag. [8]

Green Party[edit]

The Green Party's co-spokespeople both stepped down, having both served the maximum 9-years allowed by the party's constitution, and were officially replaced by a party congress in May 2011.[9] A nominating committee nominated Gustav Fridolin (MP for northern and eastern Scania) and Åsa Romson (party spokesperson for environmental and climate policy, and MP for Stockholm Municipality). However, economic policy spokesperson Mikaela Valtersson also expressed her intention to challenge Romson for the nomination.[10] Other candidates identified by the press included Yvonne Ruwaida and Carl Schlyter.[11] On 21 May 2011 the party congress elected Fridolin and Romson as the party's new co-spokespersons.[12]

Centre Party[edit]

In June 2011 Maud Olofsson announced that she would not stand for re-election as leader of the Centre Party.[13] On 23 September 2011 Annie Lööf was elected as the party's new leader.[14]

Left Party[edit]

In August 2011 Lars Ohly, the leader of the Left Party, made public that he would step down after the party's poor showing in the election. Ohly stated he would remain an MP.[15] Jonas Sjöstedt was elected new party leader at the party congress on 6 January 2012.[16]

Christian Democrats[edit]

At the national party conference in January 2012, the Christian Democrats leader Göran Hägglund was challenged for the leadership by MP and former cabinet minister Mats Odell.[17] The leadership battle ended in a vote at the conference, where Hägglund prevailed.[18] Afterwards, Odell announced that he would resign as leader of the party's parliamentary group, and not seek reelection in 2014. [19]

Opinion polls[edit]

Graphical summary[edit]

15-day average trend line of poll results from September 2010 to September 2014, with each line corresponding to a political party.

Poll results[edit]

Poll results are listed in the table below in reverse chronological order, showing the most recent first, and using the date the survey's fieldwork was done, as opposed to the date of publication. If such date is unknown, the date of publication is given instead. The highest percentage figure in each polling survey is displayed in bold, and the background shaded in the leading party's colour. In the instance that there is a tie, then no figure is shaded. The lead column on the right shows the percentage-point difference between the two parties with the highest figures. When a specific poll does not show a data figure for a party, the party's cell corresponding to that poll is shown empty.

Date Polling firm S M Mp Fp C Sd V Kd Fi Others Lead
14 Sep 2014 General Election 31.0 23.3 6.9 5.4 6.1 12.9 5.7 4.6 3.1 1.0 7.7
14 Sep (20:00) Novus 30.7 22.8 8.1 6.8 7.7 8.3 5.2 5.7 4.4 0.3 7.9
14 Sep (20:00) Sifo 31.1 22.2 7.1 6.0 6.5 10.5 6.6 5.0 4.0 1.0 8.9
14 Sep (19:30) YouGov 29.9 20.4 8.6 6.5 7.2 10.2 6.5 5.6 3.6 1.5 9.5
14 Sep (16:00) YouGov 29.6 20.6 8.7 6.4 7.1 10.4 6.6 5.2 3.7 1.8 9.0
Exit polls
5–12 Sep SKOP 31.2 24.6 7.7 6.7 6.5 8.0 6.5 4.6 3.5 0.7 6.6
10–11 Sep Sifo 31.1 21.2 8.3 6.8 6.5 10.3 6.3 5.5 3.0 1.2 9.9
8–11 Sep United Minds 31.1 22.8 8.7 5.5 5.8 11.1 5.7 5.4 3.3 0.7 8.3
6–11 Sep Demoskop 29.2 20.9 9.7 5.9 6.8 10.2 7.2 4.9 3.9 1.4 8.3
8–10 Sep YouGov 29.5 21.2 8.0 6.2 6.4 11.1 6.8 5.8 4.0 1.1 8.3
8–9 Sep Sifo 30.4 22.6 10.3 7.2 7.0 8.9 6.8 4.5 1.6 0.8 7.8
5–9 Sep United Minds 29.6 21.0 7.5 6.9 6.5 11.1 7.2 5.7 3.4 1.3 8.6
2–8 Sep Sentio 29.1 20.7 8.8 5.6 6.5 12.7 7.4 5.1 4.1 8.4
2–8 Sep Demoskop 28.6 20.4 10.0 6.6 6.1 11.8 5.9 5.0 3.7 1.9 8.2
25 Aug–6 Sep Novus 30.0 22.4 9.9 6.2 5.1 10.4 7.2 4.8 2.6 1.3 7.6
31 Aug–5 Sep United Minds 30.5 21.1 8.8 6.5 4.6 11.4 7.3 5.4 2.8 1.5 9.4
2–4 Sep YouGov 32.2 21.1 8.0 6.6 4.4 11.3 6.7 5.2 3.0 1.5 11.1
1–4 Sep Sifo 27.0 22.1 10.5 8.4 4.7 10.4 7.5 5.3 1.8 2.2 4.9
21 Aug–4 Sep SKOP 32.0 22.2 7.9 5.8 5.3 9.4 8.3 5.1 2.4 1.6 9.8
25 Aug–2 Sep Demoskop 30.7 22.2 10.6 5.1 4.6 10.8 7.2 5.0 2.5 1.4 8.5
22 Aug–1 Sep Ipsos 29.7 21.7 11.0 6.3 4.4 9.7 7.4 4.5 4.0 1.3 8.0
25–31 Aug Novus 30.2 23.3 9.6 6.4 5.3 10.6 7.1 4.4 2.1 1.0 6.9
24–31 Aug United Minds 31.3 21.1 8.4 7.2 5.7 10.2 6.8 5.1 2.9 1.3 7.3
25–28 Aug Sifo 29.0 22.6 11.0 5.8 5.9 11.0 6.1 4.5 2.9 1.2 6.4
17–24 Aug United Minds 30.0 21.5 9.0 6.8 4.4 11.5 7.0 4.8 3.4 1.6 8.5
15–21 Aug Demoskop 29.9 23.4 9.8 5.6 4.7 12.2 6.5 3.6 3.0 1.3 6.5
11–18 Aug United Minds 29.7 20.8 9.9 7.9 5.6 10.9 6.9 4.6 2.3 1.5 8.9
7–18 Aug Ipsos 31.8 20.8 11.6 6.5 4.0 9.4 7.0 4.3 3.4 1.2 11.0
11–14 Aug Sifo 30.3 24.6 11.1 6.7 3.8 10.1 7.9 3.4 2.0 0.3 5.7
6–12 Aug Sentio 30.1 21.2 8.3 5.6 4.7 11.8 7.4 4.7 4.0 2.2 8.9
3 Aug–10 Aug United Minds 29.6 19.8 9.8 7.5 5.2 11.6 7.2 4.3 2.9 2.0 9.8
2 Jul–5 Aug YouGov 30.3 23.4 9.4 6.0 5.2 9.3 6.6 5.0 3.6 1.2 6.7
7 Jul–3 Aug Novus 31.8 22.4 9.9 6.1 5.8 8.8 7.3 4.2 2.6 1.1 9.4
10–16 Jul Sentio 29.9 20.8 8.3 6.1 3.7 13.5 8.5 5.5 3.7 9.1
4–7 Jul Sifo 30.7 23.9 11.4 6.1 4.6 9.0 6.6 4.3 2.6 0.8 6.8
24 Jun–2 Jul Demoskop 31.5 19.4 13.6 6.5 4.5 9.2 7.2 4.2 2.8 1.2 12.1
9–30 Jun United Minds 28.0 22.8 11.9 5.0 4.8 10.5 7.5 4.4 4.0 1.2 7.2
2–22 Jun Ipsos 31.1 20.5 11.3 6.3 5.6 9.6 7.4 3.3 3.7 1.3 10.6
26 May–22 Jun Novus 32.1 21.2 11.3 6.8 5.6 8.3 6.7 4.4 2.9 0.7 11.9
12–19 Jun Sentio 34.0 23.0 9.7 5.6 4.8 12.5 6.3 3.6 0.5 11.0
29 May–15 Jun SKOP 31.9 24.2 12.0 7.3 4.9 7.8 6.7 3.2 1.8 0.2 7.7
2–12 Jun Sifo 29.4 21.2 13.0 6.8 5.5 9.0 6.4 3.5 3.4 1.9 8.2
12 May–8 Jun United Minds 30.8 19.7 11.2 5.8 3.5 11.3 9.5 4.9 2.1 1.1 11.1
27 May–4 Jun Demoskop 29.1 18.5 13.0 5.7 5.3 10.0 8.1 4.8 4.4 1.1 10.6
7 May–3 Jun YouGov 31.2 24.8 8.3 5.1 4.8 8.2 8.5 5.0 3.6 0.6 6.4
25 May 2014 EP Election 24.2 13.7 15.4 9.9 6.5 9.7 6.3 5.9 5.5 2.9 8.8
8–25 May Ipsos 31.3 22.6 10.2 5.8 4.3 7.8 8.7 4.5 3.9 0.9 8.7
2–25 May SCB 35.3 22.7 8.0 5.3 4.9 8.1 8.0 3.9 2.5 1.4 12.6
28 Apr–25 May Novus 32.4 24.3 10.1 6.0 3.9 7.7 8.3 4.2 3.1 8.1
5–15 May Sifo 30.9 23.2 10.3 7.0 5.0 8.8 7.3 3.5 2.9 1.2 7.7
8–14 May Sentio 32.6 24.5 9.0 4.5 2.8 11.7 9.2 4.5 1.2 8.1
7 Apr–8 May United Minds 34.6 21.6 8.5 6.1 3.3 10.7 8.9 3.2 3.0 13.0
29 Apr–7 May Demoskop 32.2 22.6 10.2 6.0 4.3 8.2 8.7 3.9 3.0 1.0 9.6
9 Apr–6 May YouGov 33.3 22.2 6.9 6.2 3.9 10.6 8.7 4.1 2.6 1.6 11.1
7–27 Apr Ipsos 33.1 24.6 9.9 5.4 3.6 7.6 9.4 3.0 2.3 3.4 8.5
26 Mar–24 Apr SKOP 34.9 23.4 10.7 7.8 4.5 7.3 6.4 2.7 2.4 11.5
24 Mar–20 Apr Novus 33.5 23.7 10.8 5.4 4.0 8.8 7.6 3.6 2.6 9.8
9–16 Apr Sentio 34.2 21.9 8.3 7.1 3.9 10.9 8.8 3.9 0.9 12.3
31 Mar–10 Apr Sifo 32.1 24.5 10.6 6.7 3.8 8.3 8.4 3.6 2.2 7.6
5 Mar–8 Apr YouGov 33.0 23.3 8.4 5.0 4.3 11.4 8.1 3.8 2.7 9.7
10 Mar–6 Apr United Minds 33.4 22.4 9.2 6.3 4.4 10.7 7.3 3.5 2.8 11.0
25 Mar–2 Apr Demoskop 33.0 24.0 10.7 5.9 3.7 8.5 8.2 3.7 2.3 9.0
28 Feb–28 Mar APO 35.0 22.4 9.9 6.3 3.9 8.0 8.2 3.4 1.4 1.4 12.6
6–25 Mar Ipsos 33.5 23.6 10.4 6.9 4.1 7.8 7.6 3.7 1.3 2.5 9.9
24 Feb–23 Mar Novus 34.3 25.1 9.2 6.3 3.6 9.3 6.5 3.9 1.8 9.2
6–13 Mar Sentio 33.2 22.7 8.3 5.1 4.0 13.1 9.1 2.7 1.8 10.5
3–13 Mar Sifo 34.1 24.2 10.1 5.4 4.7 8.0 6.3 4.7 2.5 9.9
10 Feb–9 Mar United Minds 33.0 22.7 10.4 6.7 4.8 9.4 7.0 3.5 2.6 10.3
25 Feb–5 Mar Demoskop 32.7 22.6 12.5 5.1 3.6 10.0 8.4 3.3 1.8 10.1
9 Feb–4 Mar SKOP 33.8 26.5 9.9 4.6 4.1 8.2 8.0 3.1 1.7 7.3
5 Feb–4 Mar YouGov 33.0 23.7 8.6 5.2 4.6 11.5 8.3 3.9 1.4 9.3
6–25 Feb Ipsos 35.1 24.7 9.0 6.0 3.5 7.9 7.9 3.5 2.3 10.4
27 Jan–23 Feb Novus 33.3 25.7 9.7 4.7 4.2 8.7 8.4 3.8 1.5 7.6
3–13 Feb Sifo 34.9 22.8 9.7 6.7 2.8 9.5 8.2 3.7 1.6 12.1
13 Jan–9 Feb United Minds 31.2 21.6 10.2 7.0 3.8 11.2 8.2 4.4 2.4 9.6
28 Jan–5 Feb Demoskop 34.5 24.9 9.6 5.0 4.3 8.8 7.3 4.0 1.7 9.6
8 Jan–4 Feb YouGov 32.3 25.0 8.0 6.0 4.4 10.3 9.3 3.5 1.3 7.3
9–28 Jan Ipsos 34.0 25.0 9.9 6.4 3.1 7.3 9.1 3.4 1.7 9.0
6–26 Jan Novus 33.8 24.5 9.2 5.1 3.5 11.0 8.1 3.5 1.3 9.3
13–23 Jan Sifo 32.9 25.4 9.4 6.5 3.7 9.2 8.3 3.3 1.3 7.5
9 Dec–12 Jan United Minds 32.5 24.0 8.9 6.1 4.5 10.8 8.4 3.3 1.5 8.5
2–8 Jan Demoskop 34.7 22.3 11.1 5.8 4.5 9.8 6.5 3.6 1.8 12.4
9 Dec–7 Jan SKOP 32.7 27.2 9.7 6.3 4.5 8.4 7.0 3.1 1.0 5.5
4 Dec–7 Jan YouGov 31.9 25.7 7.9 5.7 5.2 10.0 7.6 4.3 1.7 6.2
2014
28 Nov–17 Dec Ipsos 32.8 25.1 10.6 5.5 4.8 8.2 7.0 3.8 2.1 7.7
25 Nov–15 Dec Novus 34.2 25.0 9.3 5.5 3.9 10.4 6.4 4.1 1.2 9.2
2–12 Dec Sifo 32.5 25.2 11.0 5.5 4.4 9.3 7.8 3.6 0.8 7.3
11 Nov–8 Dec United Minds 32.4 24.1 8.0 7.6 4.0 10.0 8.0 4.6 1.4 8.3
26 Nov–4 Dec Demoskop 33.1 23.4 8.3 7.0 3.5 10.5 8.3 4.2 1.6 9.7
6 Nov–3 Dec YouGov 33.1 23.8 9.2 6.3 3.0 12.8 7.2 3.7 1.0 9.3
3–27 Nov SCB 34.3 25.5 8.8 5.4 4.7 9.3 6.7 4.1 1.3 8.8
7–26 Nov Ipsos 33.4 25.3 10.1 6.2 4.2 8.5 7.1 3.7 1.4 8.1
28 Oct–24 Nov Novus 33.9 24.2 9.1 6.2 4.3 9.4 7.2 4.4 1.3 9.7
4–14 Nov Sifo 34.5 25.0 9.1 5.9 4.1 9.0 7.3 3.9 1.2 9.5
14 Oct–11 Nov United Minds 30.9 25.8 9.6 6.7 4.1 10.8 7.1 4.4 0.7 5.1
29 Oct–6 Nov Demoskop 31.1 25.6 11.8 5.3 3.0 11.9 6.4 3.9 1.0 5.5
10 Oct–5 Nov YouGov 32.5 25.8 8.3 6.0 4.5 11.3 7.5 3.0 1.0 6.7
14 Oct–4 Nov SKOP 35.2 25.6 8.9 5.9 3.5 9.3 6.9 3.6 1.3 9.6
10–29 Oct Ipsos 34.0 27.4 9.6 5.3 4.0 8.5 6.3 3.2 1.8 6.6
30 Sep–27 Oct Novus 34.8 26.0 8.8 5.2 3.0 10.1 6.0 4.5 1.6 8.8
16 Sep–13 Oct United Minds 33.7 23.6 9.4 5.0 5.9 11.1 6.2 3.3 1.9 10.1
30 Sep–10 Oct Sifo 35.6 25.0 7.9 6.0 3.8 9.7 6.4 4.0 1.6 10.6
4 Sep–8 Oct YouGov 31.2 25.6 8.6 4.7 5.6 12.9 6.7 3.9 0.8 5.6
24 Sep–2 Oct Demoskop 33.2 26.6 10.1 5.2 4.2 9.9 6.6 3.1 1.2 6.6
2–29 Sep Novus 35.1 26.5 8.3 4.6 3.4 10.0 6.7 4.3 1.1 8.6
5–24 Sep Ipsos 34.4 24.7 10.3 6.1 3.5 8.5 7.0 4.5 1.1 9.7
16 Aug–15 Sep United Minds 32.6 25.3 9.4 5.3 3.4 12.1 6.2 4.2 1.6 7.3
2–12 Sep Sifo 33.5 25.7 10.0 6.3 3.6 9.4 6.4 3.6 1.5 7.8
28 Aug–12 Sep SKOP 31.7 26.6 10.8 6.7 4.2 9.4 6.3 3.2 1.2 5.1
27 Aug–3 Sep Demoskop 31.7 25.1 10.1 6.6 4.5 10.1 7.1 3.7 1.1 6.6
7 Aug–3 Sep YouGov 30.8 25.8 8.8 5.3 4.9 11.4 8.2 3.0 1.5 5.0
5 Aug–1 Sep Novus 34.3 24.6 8.6 6.5 4.6 8.5 7.3 4.6 1.0 9.7
8–27 Aug Ipsos 34.4 25.6 9.7 5.8 4.1 8.4 6.9 3.5 1.6 8.8
12–22 Aug Sifo 30.5 26.6 10.9 5.9 4.0 9.9 6.5 3.8 1.9 3.9
22 Jul–15 Aug United Minds 33.2 24.5 9.1 4.6 4.9 11.3 6.1 4.5 1.9 8.7
3 Jul–6 Aug YouGov 30.8 28.4 9.3 5.4 3.6 9.9 7.4 4.0 1.1 2.4
8 Jul–4 Aug Novus 34.1 26.2 9.7 5.4 3.9 9.0 6.3 4.0 1.4 7.9
25 Jun–3 Jul Demoskop 33.7 25.3 8.9 5.6 3.2 11.6 7.8 3.0 0.9 8.4
5 Jun–2 Jul YouGov 30.9 26.5 9.5 6.7 3.2 11.2 8.4 3.0 0.6 4.4
10–25 Jun Ipsos 33.1 26.5 10.5 6.4 4.1 7.3 6.6 4.3 1.1 6.6
27 May–23 Jun Novus 34.4 26.6 8.7 5.4 3.8 9.0 6.7 4.4 1.0 7.8
20 May–16 Jun United Minds 32.0 25.8 8.9 6.3 3.7 10.7 7.2 3.8 1.7 6.2
3–13 Jun Sifo 31.0 28.3 11.0 6.0 4.0 7.6 6.5 4.1 1.6 2.7
28 May–5 Jun Demoskop 33.5 26.6 10.9 5.7 3.4 9.6 6.4 3.1 0.8 6.9
8 May–4 Jun YouGov 30.5 25.3 10.2 6.2 4.5 11.5 6.9 3.4 1.5 5.2
13–28 May Ipsos 32.1 28.9 10.3 5.8 3.2 7.0 7.0 4.2 1.5 3.2
2–27 May SCB 35.6 26.9 8.5 6.0 4.2 7.7 6.4 3.6 1.1 8.7
29 Apr–26 May Novus 33.5 27.8 8.1 6.3 3.6 9.2 6.9 3.1 1.5 5.7
22 Apr–19 May United Minds 32.7 26.9 8.5 5.4 2.8 11.0 6.8 4.0 1.8 5.8
6–16 May Sifo 32.8 28.4 10.9 6.4 4.1 6.6 7.0 2.7 1.1 4.4
29 Apr–16 May SKOP 34.2 28.5 9.9 5.8 4.2 6.6 5.4 3.7 1.6 5.7
29 Apr–7 May Demoskop 32.9 29.1 9.2 5.5 3.3 9.9 5.3 2.9 1.8 3.8
3 Apr–7 May YouGov 30.9 27.4 8.2 5.4 4.2 10.9 7.8 3.8 1.4 3.5
4–23 Apr Ipsos 33.7 29.5 8.2 6.6 4.8 6.7 6.0 3.0 1.4 4.2
25 Mar–21 Apr Novus 34.4 27.0 8.6 6.1 3.7 8.9 6.5 4.0 0.8 7.4
18 Mar–21 Apr United Minds 31.8 26.9 9.3 5.9 4.1 10.1 5.8 4.5 1.8 4.9
2–11 Apr Sifo 34.4 27.9 8.9 5.4 3.5 8.0 7.0 3.6 1.3 6.5
26 Mar–11 Apr SKOP 32.0 30.2 8.3 6.6 4.2 7.4 6.3 2.5 2.5 1.8
26 Mar–3 Apr Demoskop 32.7 27.4 9.3 6.9 4.0 9.2 5.9 3.6 1.0 5.3
6 Mar–2 Apr YouGov 31.9 28.4 8.6 5.9 2.7 10.8 5.9 4.3 1.6 3.5
7–26 Mar Ipsos 34.6 28.0 9.2 5.6 3.8 8.0 5.5 4.0 1.1 6.6
25 Feb–24 Mar Novus 32.1 28.3 9.6 6.2 3.3 9.1 6.3 3.7 1.4 3.8
17 Feb–17 Mar United Minds 31.6 25.9 7.9 6.2 4.3 10.3 7.8 4.6 1.3 5.7
4–14 Mar Sifo 35.0 27.3 9.3 5.6 3.8 9.0 5.4 3.3 1.4 7.7
26 Feb–6 Mar Demoskop 32.3 27.8 9.6 5.4 3.0 11.0 6.2 3.4 1.3 4.5
19 Feb–6 Mar SKOP 32.9 29.5 8.2 8.0 4.3 7.3 5.8 3.9 0.1 3.4
6 Feb–5 Mar YouGov 30.5 28.7 9.2 6.5 3.4 12.6 5.7 2.6 0.8 1.8
7–26 Feb Ipsos 33.1 28.1 9.1 5.2 3.8 10.2 5.5 4.2 0.8 4.0
28 Jan–24 Feb Novus 31.9 29.1 9.1 5.2 3.4 10.2 6.6 3.5 1.0 2.8
21 Jan–16 Feb United Minds 32.9 27.6 9.0 4.7 4.0 11.1 6.2 3.3 1.2 5.3
4–14 Feb Sifo 31.3 29.0 11.0 6.2 3.6 8.5 5.7 3.6 1.2 2.3
29 Jan–6 Feb Demoskop 31.9 29.4 8.5 6.5 3.4 9.6 5.8 4.4 0.7 2.5
9 Jan–5 Feb YouGov 31.3 28.8 9.7 5.8 3.3 11.5 5.4 3.5 0.8 2.5
10–29 Jan Ipsos 29.8 32.3 8.6 7.2 3.3 9.0 5.9 3.2 0.8 2.5
2–27 Jan Novus 31.5 29.7 9.3 5.8 4.1 9.4 5.5 3.8 0.9 1.8
17 Dec–20 Jan United Minds 31.9 28.3 8.4 5.8 4.4 10.1 6.9 3.1 1.1 3.6
7–17 Jan Sifo 33.6 29.3 9.0 6.2 3.2 9.1 4.6 4.5 0.4 4.3
2–10 Jan Demoskop 32.7 30.5 7.3 6.4 4.5 9.2 5.9 2.9 0.7 2.2
5 Dec–8 Jan YouGov 31.4 27.4 8.3 4.9 4.5 12.5 6.1 4.5 0.5 4.0
2013
1–18 Dec SKOP 31.5 29.1 10.3 6.2 3.9 7.8 5.3 4.7 1.2 2.4
29 Nov–18 Dec Ipsos 33.1 32.3 8.0 5.7 3.4 8.2 5.3 3.5 0.5 0.8
26 Nov–16 Dec Novus 32.2 28.4 9.0 6.1 5.1 9.0 5.9 3.4 0.9 3.8
12 Nov–16 Dec United Minds 32.0 28.9 8.2 4.9 4.8 9.7 6.7 3.8 1.1 3.1
3–13 Dec Sifo 32.1 28.2 9.7 5.4 4.5 10.0 5.9 3.6 0.7 3.9
27 Nov–5 Dec Demoskop 32.0 33.5 8.3 5.9 2.9 8.6 5.1 2.8 0.9 1.5
7 Nov–4 Dec YouGov 31.3 30.3 7.1 5.7 3.8 10.9 6.7 3.5 0.7 1.0
8–27 Nov Ipsos 34.4 29.7 8.3 5.3 4.4 8.8 4.5 3.2 1.4 4.7
1–25 Nov SCB 34.8 28.1 8.6 5.5 4.4 7.9 5.8 3.8 1.2 6.7
22 Oct–25 Nov Novus 32.9 28.7 9.6 5.4 4.1 8.6 6.6 3.2 0.9 4.2
30 Oct–21 Nov SKOP 33.3 32.2 7.5 4.9 3.6 6.4 6.7 3.2 2.2 1.1
5–15 Nov Sifo 33.9 28.7 10.1 5.3 4.2 8.5 4.7 3.5 1.2 5.2
14 Oct–11 Nov United Minds 31.0 27.8 8.0 6.3 5.1 11.2 5.8 3.9 0.8 3.2
30 Oct–7 Nov Demoskop 33.1 30.3 8.0 5.8 4.5 9.0 4.7 3.7 1.0 2.8
3 Oct–6 Nov YouGov 32.8 30.7 7.0 4.9 4.3 8.2 7.4 4.0 0.7 2.1
3–23 Oct Ipsos 34.8 29.4 7.2 5.3 4.2 8.5 6.3 3.8 0.5 5.4
24 Sep–21 Oct Novus 33.8 31.0 9.1 6.2 3.9 6.5 5.7 3.1 0.7 2.8
16 Sep–13 Oct United Minds 31.4 28.1 8.8 6.1 4.2 9.9 6.4 3.8 1.3 3.3
1–11 Oct Sifo 32.1 28.8 10.0 5.6 4.4 7.7 6.5 3.4 1.4 3.3
25 Sep–3 Oct Demoskop 32.6 31.9 7.7 7.2 3.9 7.1 5.9 2.9 0.8 0.7
5 Sep–2 Oct YouGov 31.7 29.8 8.1 5.2 5.6 9.3 6.5 3.1 0.7 1.9
6–25 Sep Ipsos 34.7 30.6 9.9 6.3 3.7 5.8 4.9 3.2 1.0 4.1
3–24 Sep SKOP 33.5 30.3 9.8 6.5 4.1 6.3 6.0 2.9 0.5 3.2
27 Aug–23 Sep Novus 33.9 31.9 8.9 5.5 4.1 6.1 5.6 3.3 0.7 2.0
20 Aug–16 Sep United Minds 33.1 27.8 8.6 5.8 3.3 8.8 6.9 4.7 1.0 5.3
3–13 Sep Sifo 33.3 28.7 8.9 6.6 4.8 7.2 5.9 3.8 0.8 4.6
28 Aug–5 Sep Demoskop 34.8 28.7 8.9 6.3 5.1 6.3 5.8 3.0 1.0 6.1
8 Aug–4 Sep YouGov 33.6 29.3 8.4 6.4 4.6 7.3 5.3 3.9 1.3 4.3
9–28 Aug Ipsos 35.5 30.9 7.8 5.5 4.9 4.9 6.1 4.0 0.5 4.6
30 Jul–26 Aug Novus 34.8 30.2 9.5 5.7 3.8 5.9 5.8 3.1 1.2 4.6
13–22 Aug Sifo 34.3 28.5 9.9 6.2 4.6 6.2 6.2 3.4 0.7 5.8
23 Jul–19 Aug United Minds 34.0 27.0 8.3 5.9 4.8 8.4 5.9 4.1 1.5 7.0
4 Jul–7 Aug YouGov 34.4 28.2 9.6 5.9 4.8 7.6 5.1 3.6 0.8 6.2
20 Jun–9 Jul SKOP 34.2 31.0 8.2 6.5 4.8 4.7 6.5 3.7 0.5 3.2
26 Jun–4 Jul Demoskop 35.4 30.8 9.1 6.6 3.5 6.0 4.4 3.7 0.7 4.6
6 Jun–3 Jul YouGov 35.7 28.2 8.8 6.5 5.0 6.4 5.4 3.1 1.0 7.5
4–29 Jun United Minds 33.6 27.0 7.6 7.6 4.1 8.3 6.9 3.4 1.5 6.6
28 May–29 Jun Novus 33.8 29.5 9.3 5.6 5.1 5.7 5.8 3.9 1.3 4.3
7–26 Jun Ipsos 34.4 30.7 9.5 5.2 5.7 4.7 5.2 4.2 0.4 3.7
4–14 Jun Sifo 38.8 27.6 8.6 5.6 4.8 5.4 4.4 3.9 0.9 11.2
30 May–6 Jun Demoskop 35.7 30.8 7.7 4.9 4.4 6.6 6.9 2.4 0.7 4.9
14 May–5 Jun SKOP 31.9 31.1 9.8 5.5 5.4 7.0 5.4 2.9 0.9 0.8
9 May–5 Jun YouGov 34.5 29.0 8.1 6.8 4.5 6.5 6.1 3.9 0.6 5.5
7 May–3 Jun United Minds 34.6 27.1 8.2 6.6 3.4 8.7 6.5 3.9 0.9 7.5
10–29 May Ipsos 35.8 30.3 7.8 6.8 4.7 5.9 4.8 3.6 0.4 5.5
2–27 May SCB 37.3 28.6 8.1 5.5 4.7 5.4 5.9 3.7 0.8 8.7
24 Apr–21 May Novus 36.6 28.3 8.2 6.2 4.5 4.6 6.1 4.2 1.3 8.3
2–10 May Sifo 36.7 27.7 9.2 5.3 4.5 6.6 5.3 3.6 1.2 9.0
4 Apr–8 May YouGov 34.3 31.1 8.2 5.4 5.1 6.0 5.9 3.6 0.5 3.2
9 Apr–6 May United Minds 34.6 29.7 8.2 6.7 4.6 6.4 5.6 3.2 1.0 4.9
25 Apr–2 May Demoskop 35.5 30.1 10.2 4.7 4.8 4.6 5.7 3.4 1.1 5.4
4–24 Apr Ipsos 34.6 31.8 8.9 5.3 4.9 5.2 5.4 3.2 0.8 2.8
27 Mar–23 Apr Novus 35.9 29.1 8.2 5.2 5.1 5.3 6.5 3.8 0.9 6.8
27 Mar–19 Apr SKOP 34.9 31.0 8.9 5.7 4.3 6.1 5.3 2.9 1.0 3.9
2–12 Apr Sifo 36.8 29.1 9.3 5.1 4.6 4.7 5.6 4.0 0.8 7.7
12 Mar–8 Apr United Minds 35.6 28.5 9.2 4.8 3.6 7.2 5.7 3.9 1.6 7.1
28 Mar–4 Apr Demoskop 34.1 29.9 9.5 5.2 4.2 6.6 6.5 3.1 0.8 4.2
7 Mar–3 Apr YouGov 34.4 30.5 9.6 5.9 3.7 5.7 6.3 3.5 0.5 3.9
8–27 Mar Ipsos 35.6 29.7 9.3 6.1 5.0 4.2 5.7 3.4 1.1 5.9
21 Feb–19 Mar Novus 32.4 30.5 8.8 5.7 4.8 5.7 7.3 3.6 1.2 1.9
5–15 Mar Sifo 33.7 28.7 10.3 5.9 4.9 5.2 6.1 3.5 1.7 5.0
13 Feb–11 Mar United Minds 32.5 29.3 7.8 5.8 4.7 7.5 7.3 4.6 0.4 3.2
29 Feb–7 Mar Demoskop 29.7 32.9 10.9 5.5 4.9 5.2 6.3 3.6 1.0 3.2
19 Feb–6 Mar SKOP 30.8 33.4 9.1 6.9 5.0 4.5 6.5 3.3 0.6 2.6
1 Feb–6 Mar YouGov 29.6 32.1 9.4 5.6 4.7 5.4 8.3 4.2 0.8 2.5
6–22 Feb Ipsos 29.3 32.1 9.0 6.2 5.0 5.5 7.7 3.9 1.3 2.8
24 Jan–20 Feb Novus 27.2 32.5 10.5 5.5 5.6 5.8 8.2 4.1 0.6 5.3
6–16 Feb Sifo 29.2 32.9 10.5 6.5 5.1 4.7 6.7 3.8 0.8 3.7
27 Jan–12 Feb United Minds 26.0 32.7 10.5 5.0 3.9 7.2 9.2 4.7 0.8 6.7
19 Jan–3 Feb SKOP 27.3 32.9 11.5 5.7 4.9 5.6 7.1 3.7 1.3 5.6
25 Jan–2 Feb Demoskop 24.8 32.0 11.6 6.7 4.3 6.3 9.3 3.8 1.2 7.2
2 Jan–1 Feb YouGov 21.9 35.8 11.7 4.7 4.8 6.9 10.3 3.1 0.9 13.9
9–25 Jan Ipsos 23.7 35.7 10.7 5.8 4.6 5.8 9.6 3.1 1.0 12.0
27 Dec–23 Jan Novus 22.9 35.6 12.1 5.8 5.4 6.0 7.6 3.4 1.2 12.7
9–19 Jan Sifo 24.6 32.9 11.8 5.6 4.5 6.9 8.8 4.2 0.7 8.3
5 Dec–15 Jan United Minds 23.6 32.2 11.5 6.3 6.3 8.3 7.9 2.8 1.1 8.6
16 Dec–12 Jan SKOP 25.3 35.6 11.5 5.8 5.5 5.5 6.1 3.9 0.8 10.3
27 Dec–4 Jan Demoskop 23.9 34.1 14.6 5.8 5.3 6.0 5.9 2.9 1.6 10.2
5 Dec–1 Jan YouGov 24.7 34.4 11.9 6.2 5.0 6.9 6.4 3.6 0.9 9.7
2012
22 Nov–19 Dec Novus 26.2 34.8 11.0 5.6 5.8 5.4 6.4 3.8 1.0 8.6
5–15 Dec Sifo 25.4 34.4 12.3 5.5 5.4 5.2 6.3 4.3 1.1 9.0
1–14 Dec Ipsos 24.2 35.7 12.2 6.5 5.4 5.5 6.3 3.8 0.5 11.5
30 Nov–7 Dec Demoskop 26.1 36.3 11.5 5.9 6.1 5.1 4.2 3.3 1.5 10.2
7 Nov–4 Dec United Minds 25.7 31.5 10.7 7.5 5.5 6.5 6.6 4.3 1.7 5.8
7 Nov–4 Dec YouGov 24.1 34.3 11.2 5.9 4.5 8.9 6.9 3.4 0.8 10.2
1–27 Nov SCB 27.7 33.4 11.7 5.6 5.5 5.7 5.2 3.8 1.4 5.7
7–23 Nov Ipsos 25.1 35.9 12.2 6.3 6.3 5.3 5.3 4.3 0.6 10.8
25 Oct–21 Nov Novus 27.0 33.7 10.1 6.8 5.8 5.3 6.0 4.0 1.2 6.7
28 Oct–20 Nov SKOP 26.8 35.4 11.6 7.0 5.2 4.9 4.2 3.7 1.2 8.6
31 Oct–10 Nov Sifo 27.4 32.8 10.0 6.6 6.7 6.7 5.8 3.2 0.8 5.4
11 Oct–6 Nov United Minds 24.9 32.8 10.6 7.2 4.7 7.7 6.9 3.6 1.6 7.9
3 Oct–6 Nov YouGov 24.7 32.9 10.7 6.5 4.8 8.4 7.1 3.7 1.2 8.2
26 Oct–2 Nov Demoskop 26.6 33.4 12.6 5.1 4.9 6.0 6.7 3.2 1.5 6.8
10–26 Oct Synovate 28.1 34.0 10.0 6.7 5.3 5.1 5.8 4.0 0.7 5.9
21 Sep–17 Oct Novus 29.5 32.0 9.6 5.8 5.7 6.0 5.9 4.5 1.0 2.5
27 Sep–16 Oct SKOP 31.7 32.6 8.7 5.7 7.1 4.8 4.5 4.0 1.1 0.9
3–13 Oct Sifo 30.3 31.1 10.1 6.8 4.9 5.5 6.3 3.8 1.3 0.8
12 Sep–10 Oct United Minds 30.0 29.2 10.2 7.0 6.0 7.1 5.6 3.8 1.1 0.8
28 Sep–5 Oct Demoskop 28.2 32.7 10.5 6.2 5.8 5.9 4.6 4.7 1.3 4.5
5 Sep–2 Oct YouGov 30.1 31.8 10.1 6.4 4.0 7.0 5.8 4.1 0.8 1.7
12–28 Sep Synovate 34.1 31.7 8.3 5.5 5.4 5.1 4.9 3.8 0.5 2.4
23 Aug–20 Sep Novus 33.2 31.6 9.0 6.8 4.9 5.0 4.8 3.7 1.0 1.6
5–15 Sep Sifo 31.8 32.7 8.9 5.8 4.5 5.5 5.4 4.1 1.2 0.9
15 Aug–11 Sep United Minds 32.4 30.9 10.0 6.9 5.3 6.0 3.3 3.9 1.4 1.5
22 Aug–8 Sep SKOP 30.5 33.5 8.7 6.9 5.2 5.1 5.1 4.0 1.1 3.0
31 Aug–7 Sep Demoskop 31.0 32.5 10.4 5.1 5.9 4.8 5.9 3.4 1.0 1.5
2 Aug–4 Sep YouGov 31.1 32.7 9.5 6.4 4.0 7.5 4.5 3.6 0.8 1.6
15–24 Aug Synovate 32.8 36.9 8.4 7.5 3.8 2.9 3.7 3.3 0.6 4.1
26 Jul–22 Aug Novus 34.9 31.5 8.9 6.2 5.2 5.6 3.9 2.9 0.9 3.4
8–18 Aug Sifo 32.8 30.1 10.1 7.4 4.3 6.0 4.3 4.0 1.0 2.7
3 Jul–14 Aug United Minds 31.6 31.0 9.8 6.4 4.4 7.8 5.0 3.2 0.8 0.6
27 Jul–3 Aug Demoskop 32.5 31.6 9.7 5.8 5.4 5.2 6.1 2.6 1.0 0.9
4 Jul–1 Aug YouGov 30.6 31.5 10.6 7.1 3.4 7.7 4.3 3.7 1.1 0.9
29 Jun–6 Jul Demoskop 32.5 34.9 10.6 6.0 3.7 4.6 3.8 3.3 0.5 2.4
17 Jun–3 Jul SKOP 30.9 32.9 10.7 6.6 6.0 4.2 4.7 3.1 0.8 2.0
6 Jun–3 Jul YouGov 30.6 32.1 10.4 5.9 4.7 7.2 4.9 3.1 1.2 1.5
6 Jun–2 Jul United Minds 30.1 31.2 10.1 6.5 4.7 7.4 4.6 4.2 1.3 1.1
7–21 Jun Synovate 32.0 32.4 10.3 7.5 3.7 4.8 3.8 4.5 1.0 0.4
7–16 Jun Sifo 35.2 29.0 9.1 6.2 4.5 6.8 4.5 3.6 1.1 6.2
17 May–13 Jun Novus 32.2 30.8 9.9 6.6 4.8 5.4 5.1 4.5 0.7 1.4
9 May–5 Jun United Minds 30.9 30.5 11.2 6.8 4.0 7.8 4.7 3.1 1.1 0.4
5 May–5 Jun YouGov 30.1 31.7 9.3 7.2 4.5 7.1 5.2 4.1 0.9 1.6
25 May–1 Jun Demoskop 29.2 32.1 11.8 6.5 5.0 6.3 5.2 3.5 0.4 2.9
16–30 May SKOP 31.7 33.4 9.3 5.4 5.5 6.5 4.3 3.8 0.2 1.7
1–26 May SCB 34.0 31.1 8.9 6.0 4.5 5.7 4.5 3.8 1.5 2.9
9–25 May Synovate 33.0 32.7 8.9 7.2 4.7 4.2 4.1 3.8 1.5 0.3
26 Apr–16 May Novus 34.1 30.4 8.5 7.0 5.2 5.5 4.6 3.7 1.0 3.7
2–12 May Sifo 33.4 30.4 8.8 6.6 5.4 6.8 4.6 3.6 0.5 3.0
11 Apr–8 May United Minds 30.7 32.2 8.9 6.5 4.0 7.7 4.9 4.1 0.9 1.5
13 Apr–5 May SKOP 30.4 33.4 9.0 6.0 4.3 5.9 6.1 4.0 0.9 3.0
27 Apr–4 May Demoskop 30.3 32.2 10.5 6.2 4.2 7.1 4.9 3.5 1.2 1.9
4 Apr–1 May YouGov 30.3 35.1 9.9 5.9 3.7 6.6 4.4 3.6 0.8 4.8
11–27 Apr Synovate 30.6 33.9 8.9 6.0 5.0 6.2 4.8 3.6 1.0 3.3
5–18 Apr Novus 32.1 32.8 8.5 6.2 5.1 5.9 4.8 3.4 1.1 0.7
4–14 Apr Sifo 31.2 32.5 9.8 6.0 4.0 6.6 5.4 3.8 0.8 1.3
22 Mar–10 Apr United Minds 30.8 30.3 8.0 7.3 5.6 6.4 4.7 5.1 1.1 0.5
29 Mar–5 Apr Demoskop 28.8 36.2 10.1 6.3 4.2 4.9 4.4 3.6 1.5 7.4
10 Mar–5 Apr SKOP 30.1 34.5 9.0 7.4 3.5 5.2 5.5 2.9 1.8 4.4
7 Mar–4 Apr YouGov 29.2 32.8 9.6 7.1 4.5 8.2 5.3 2.9 0.5 3.6
7–23 Mar Synovate 29.9 34.9 9.7 6.2 5.0 5.7 4.5 3.2 0.9 5.0
12–21 Mar United Minds 28.0 33.3 10.4 6.9 4.3 6.4 5.4 3.3 1.2 5.3
10–21 Mar Novus 30.5 31.8 9.4 7.3 4.8 6.1 4.9 4.5 0.6 1.3
7–17 Mar Sifo 30.5 30.9 9.2 6.7 4.7 6.2 6.0 4.5 1.3 0.4
14 Feb–13 Mar United Minds 27.8 33.8 9.8 7.1 4.8 6.8 4.9 3.8 1.3 6.0
10 Feb–9 Mar SKOP 29.2 35.4 9.5 5.8 4.7 4.8 5.7 3.8 1.3 6.2
7 Feb–6 Mar YouGov 28.6 33.9 10.1 7.8 3.2 6.4 5.3 3.9 0.9 5.3
23 Feb–2 Mar Demoskop 29.3 32.4 10.6 7.3 4.6 5.7 5.2 3.5 1.3 3.1
7–23 Feb Synovate 29.0 36.7 8.0 7.7 3.6 4.6 5.3 3.9 1.2 7.7
8–21 Feb Novus 28.4 33.6 8.7 7.4 5.1 6.5 5.0 4.1 1.2 5.2
7–17 Feb Sifo 30.2 33.4 7.7 6.5 5.1 6.4 5.4 4.3 1.2 3.2
17 Jan–13 Feb United Minds 25.6 31.8 11.4 7.2 4.4 8.5 5.1 4.6 1.4 6.2
3 Jan–6 Feb YouGov 25.2 32.2 9.7 6.4 5.4 7.9 5.7 4.6 2.8 7.0
26 Jan–2 Feb Demoskop 30.1 36.8 9.3 5.9 4.0 5.1 4.5 2.7 1.5 6.7
10–26 Jan Synovate 27.0 34.6 11.1 6.5 4.7 6.3 5.2 3.6 1.1 7.6
10–20 Jan Sifo 27.8 33.9 10.3 7.1 4.7 6.9 4.3 4.4 0.6 6.1
4–17 Jan Novus 28.0 34.5 8.6 6.9 4.7 5.9 5.5 4.5 1.4 6.5
20 Dec–16 Jan United Minds 26.6 35.1 9.8 6.2 4.1 7.0 5.9 3.8 1.4 8.5
15 Dec–12 Jan SKOP 24.4 35.7 9.6 8.1 5.5 7.1 5.2 2.7 1.7 11.3
29 Dec–5 Jan Demoskop 27.8 36.1 9.6 6.6 4.1 5.7 5.2 3.7 1.1 8.3
2011
23 Nov–19 Dec United Minds 27.6 31.7 9.4 7.5 5.5 6.9 5.2 4.8 1.4 4.1
6–16 Dec Sifo 26.9 34.2 10.1 6.8 4.8 7.2 4.9 3.5 1.8 7.3
28 Nov–16 Dec SKOP 28.2 35.1 11.0 7.2 3.8 6.3 5.0 2.8 0.8 6.9
29 Nov–15 Dec Synovate 26.7 36.3 10.4 7.3 5.8 4.6 5.1 3.2 0.7 9.6
30 Nov–13 Dec Novus 28.7 33.4 9.5 7.3 5.5 6.5 5.3 2.9 0.9 4.7
24 Nov–1 Dec Demoskop 28.2 34.8 8.9 6.1 5.0 5.6 6.1 3.4 1.8 6.6
31 Oct–25 Nov SCB 29.0 32.4 8.8 6.8 5.8 6.7 4.7 4.3 1.5 3.4
8–24 Nov Synovate 27.7 37.5 9.1 6.2 5.2 4.3 5.3 3.8 0.8 9.8
25 Oct–21 Nov United Minds 29.1 31.0 8.5 7.0 6.3 6.0 5.8 4.9 1.3 1.9
2–15 Nov Novus 29.9 33.6 8.2 7.0 4.6 6.3 5.0 4.4 1.1 3.7
1–11 Nov Sifo 28.5 31.8 8.5 7.8 5.1 6.9 5.8 4.1 1.6 3.3
17 Oct–8 Nov SKOP 31.3 32.5 9.1 7.0 5.0 6.2 4.3 2.8 1.9 1.2
27 Oct–3 Nov Demoskop 28.9 34.3 9.1 8.2 4.8 4.9 5.0 4.4 0.5 5.4
11–27 Oct Synovate 28.4 35.2 9.4 7.8 5.3 4.6 4.2 3.8 1.4 6.8
25 Sep–24 Oct United Minds 29.6 30.6 7.5 7.4 6.6 5.9 5.9 5.1 1.3 1.0
5–18 Oct Novus 30.4 32.0 8.1 7.9 4.9 6.4 4.4 4.8 1.1 1.6
4–14 Oct Sifo 29.5 32.4 8.7 7.0 5.0 6.4 5.3 4.2 1.6 2.9
29 Sep–6 Oct Demoskop 29.0 32.7 9.6 7.4 6.1 3.4 5.4 5.0 1.4 3.7
22–30 Sep Synovate 29.6 31.7 8.9 7.8 5.4 4.7 5.1 4.4 2.3 2.1
19 Sep 2010 General Election 30.7 30.1 7.3 7.1 6.6 5.7 5.6 5.6 0.4 0.9 0.6

Results[edit]

Summary of the 14 September 2014 Swedish Riksdag election results
Party Vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Swedish Social Democratic Party (S) 1,932,711 31.01 +0.35 113 +1
Moderate Party (M) 1,453,517 23.33 −6.74 84 −23
Sweden Democrats (SD) 801,178 12.86 +7.16 49 +29
Green Party (MP) 429,275 6.89 −0.45 25 ±0
Centre Party (C) 380,937 6.11 −0.44 22 −1
Left Party (V) 356,331 5.72 +0.11 21 +2
Liberal People's Party (FP) 337,773 5.42 −1.63 19 −5
Christian Democrats (KD) 284,806 4.57 −1.03 16 −3
Feminist Initiative (FI) 194,719 3.12 +2.72 0 ±0
Pirate Party (PP) 26,515 0.43 −0.22 0 ±0
Enhet ("Unity", ENH) 6,277 0.10 +0.09 0 ±0
Party of the Swedes (SVP) 4,189 0.07 +0.06 0 ±0
Animal Party (DjuP) 4,093 0.07 New 0 ±0
Christian Values Party (KrVP) 3,553 0.06 New 0 ±0
Independent Rural Party (LBPO) 3,450 0.06 +0.03 0 ±0
Swedish Senior Citizen Interest Party (SPI) 3,369 0.05 −0.13 0 ±0
Direktdemokraterna ("Direct Democrats", DD) 1,417 0.02 +0.02 0 ±0
Classical Liberal Party (KLP) 1,210 0.01 +0.01 0 ±0
Vägval ("Crossroads; Path choice", VägV) 1,037 0.02 New 0 ±0
Socialist Justice Party (RS) 791 0.01 −0.01 0 ±0
Communist Party of Sweden (SKP) 558 0.01 ±0.00 0 ±0
Write-in votes 3,174 0.05 −0.05
Total 6,231,573 100.00 349 ±0
Valid votes 6,231,573 99.08 +0.21
Invalid/blank votes 58,443 0.92 −0.21
Votes cast / turnout 6,290,016 85.81 +1.24
Abstentions 1,040,416 14.19 −1.24
Registered voters 7,330,432
Source: Election Authority

Results by municipality[edit]

Government formation[edit]

The Social Democrats have said that they will seek to form a government, but will not work with the Sweden Democrats. Meanwhile Fredrik Reinfeldt announced he was stepping down as leader of the Moderate Party.[20] The Centre Party and Liberal People's Party have rejected the Social Democrats' overtures for a coalition, and the day after the election Stefan Löfven ruled out the possibility of forming a government with the Left Party.[21] This raised the possibility of a minority coalition of the Social Democrats and Greens alone.[22]

On 2 October 2014 the Riksdag elected Löfven as Prime Minister, heading the Löfven Cabinet consisting of the Social Democrats and the Greens.

On 3 December 2014 the government failed to push through its budget after the Sweden Democrats voted with the center-right opposition. Löfven told in a press conference, that new elections were to be expected and to be held on March 22. According to the Swedish constitution this election could not be called until December 29.[23] On the 27th of December, this new election was cancelled as the Social Democrats and the Greens made an agreement with the Alliance parties which will allow the government's subsequent budgets to pass the Riksdag in return for concessions regarding immigration policy, defence and pensions.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Regeringens proposition : 2009/10:80 : En reformerad grundlag" (PDF). Data.riksdagen.se. Retrieved 2015-05-14. 
  2. ^ Munck, Anders; Stenquist, Victor (14 November 2010). "Här avgår Sahlin". Aftonbladet (in Swedish). Retrieved 22 April 2011. 
  3. ^ "Håkan Juholt (S)" (in Swedish). Sveriges Riksdag. 14 April 2011. Retrieved 28 April 2011. 
  4. ^ "Allt utom en stockholmare". Dagens Nyheter (in Swedish). 10 March 2011. Retrieved 28 April 2011. 
  5. ^ "Jag har svårt att svårt att tro att han har alla partidistrikt bakom sig". Expressen TV (in Swedish). Retrieved 28 April 2011. 
  6. ^ Widerberg, Göran (10 March 2011). "Han är ingen högerkandidat". Dagens Arbete (in Swedish). Retrieved 28 April 2011. 
  7. ^ a b "Håkan Juholt avgår". Sydsvenskan (in Swedish). 21 January 2012. Retrieved 27 January 2012. 
  8. ^ "Avslutade debatten – med att hylla varandra - Valåret 2014 - Nyheter - Aftonbladet". Aftonbladet. Retrieved 13 September 2014. 
  9. ^ "Miljöpartiet de gröna – Kongress" (in Swedish). Green Party. Retrieved 28 April 2011. 
  10. ^ Larsson, Mats J; Olsson, Hans (30 March 2011). "Fortsatt strid i MP om nytt språkrör". Dagens Nyheter (in Swedish). Retrieved 22 April 2011. 
  11. ^ Larsson, Jeanette; Eriksson, Hedvig (4 December 2009). "De kan bli Miljöpartiets nya språkrör" (in Swedish). Sveriges Television. Retrieved 22 April 2011. 
  12. ^ "Åsa Romson nytt språkrör". Sydsvenskan (in Swedish). 21 May 2011. Retrieved 21 May 2011. 
  13. ^ "Centerpartiets valberedning inleder öppen process" (Press release) (in Swedish). Centre Party. 22 June 2011. Retrieved 28 August 2011. 
  14. ^ "Enig centerrörelse valde Annie Lööf till ny partiordförande" (Press release) (in Swedish). Centre Party. 23 September 2011. Retrieved 23 September 2011. 
  15. ^ "Lars Ohly avgår som partiledare". Dagens Nyheter (in Swedish). 9 August 2011. Retrieved 23 August 2011. 
  16. ^ "De ska leda Vänsterpartiet" (Press release) (in Swedish). Left Party. 6 January 2012. Retrieved 6 January 2012. 
  17. ^ Jon Wahlquist. "Kristdemokraternas ledarstrid ska avgöras - Nyheter (Ekot) | Sveriges Radio". Sverigesradio.se. Retrieved 2015-05-14. 
  18. ^ Nyheter  4.22 (2012-01-28). "Hägglund gick segrande ur striden". DN.SE. Retrieved 2015-05-14. 
  19. ^ "Mats Odell slutar som gruppledare för KD - Nyheter". SVT.se. Retrieved 2015-05-14. 
  20. ^ "BBC News - Sweden election: Social Democrats rule out far-right pact". BBC News. Retrieved 17 September 2014. 
  21. ^ "Många frågetecken kvar att räta ut - Nyheter (Ekot) - Sveriges Radio". Retrieved 17 September 2014. 
  22. ^ "Sweden set for minority-left government as far right makes gains - World news - theguardian.com". the Guardian. Retrieved 17 September 2014. 
  23. ^ "Sweden heads for polls after Lofven's parliament defeat". BBC. 3 December 2014. Retrieved 3 December 2014.