|Basis||Nights of Cabiria|
by Federico Fellini
Pier Paolo Pasolini
|Productions||1966 Broadway |
1967 West End
1986 Broadway revival
2005 Broadway revival
2006 US tour
2009 West End revival
|Awards||1986 Tony Award for Best Revival|
Sweet Charity is a musical with music by Cy Coleman, lyrics by Dorothy Fields and book by Neil Simon. It was directed and choreographed for Broadway by Bob Fosse starring his wife and muse Gwen Verdon alongside John McMartin. It is based on the screenplay for the 1957 Italian film Nights of Cabiria. However, whereas Federico Fellini's black-and-white film concerns the romantic ups-and-downs of an ever-hopeful prostitute, in the musical the central character is a dancer-for-hire at a Times Square dance hall. The musical premiered on Broadway in 1966, where it was nominated for nine Tony Awards, winning the Tony Award for Best Choreography. The production also ran in the West End as well as having revivals and international productions.
The musical was adapted for the screen in 1969 with Shirley MacLaine as Charity and John McMartin recreating his Broadway role as Oscar Lindquist. For Bob Fosse, who directed and choreographed, the film was his feature-film directorial debut.
The young woman Charity Hope Valentine is a taxi dancer at a dance hall called the Fandango Ballroom in New York City. With a shoulder bag and a heart tattooed on her left shoulder, Charity meets her boyfriend Charlie in Central Park. While Charlie silently preens himself, Charity speaks the pick-up lines she imagines him saying, and tells him how handsome he is ("You Should See Yourself"). Charlie then steals her handbag and pushes her into the lake (usually the orchestra pit) before running off. Passers-by discuss the apparent drowning but do nothing, until a young Spaniard finally rescues her. In the Hostess Room of the Fandango Ballroom, Charity tries to convince both herself and the other skeptical taxi dancers that Charlie tried to save her. Nickie, a fellow dancer, tells Charity that her problem is "you run your heart like a hotel — you've always got people checking in and checking out". The manager, Herman, arrives to tell them it is time for work. The hostess dancers proposition the audience in the front room of the Fandango Ballroom ("Big Spender"). Helene and Nickie try to comfort Charity about Charlie's absence ("Charity's Soliloquy").
On the street, after work, Charity gives to every beggar who approaches her until she realizes she has no money. Just then, film star Vittorio Vidal rushes out of the smart Pompeii Club, in pursuit of his beautiful mistress, Ursula. Ursula refuses to go back inside with Vittorio, who promptly takes the only-too-willing Charity instead. Inside the Pompeii Club, the dancers are dancing the latest craze, The Rich Man's Frug. To everyone's astonishment, the famous Vittorio is accompanied by the unknown Charity. She tries to steer him away from the subject of Ursula. Finally, he wants to dance. Not having eaten since breakfast, Charity faints. There is general agreement amongst the dancers that she needs to be "laid down". Vittorio asks "where?", and Charity recovers enough to prompt Vittorio with "your apartment!".
Lying down on Vittorio's bed, Charity claims she is no longer hungry. She admits she is a dance hall hostess, putting it down to "the fickle finger of fate" (a favorite expression of hers). Vittorio is struck by her humor and honesty. Starstruck, Charity asks for a signed photograph to prove to the girls she was really in his apartment. While Vittorio fetches props from his old movies for further evidence, Charity remarks on her good fortune ("If My Friends Could See Me Now"). Ursula arrives to apologize for her jealousy; Charity is swiftly bundled into a closet before Vittorio opens the door to Ursula. ("Too Many Tomorrows") While Charity watches from the closet, Vittorio and Ursula make love inside his four-poster bed. The following morning, Charity is escorted from the room by a mortified Vittorio. In the Hostess Room, the girls are disappointed that Charity failed to get more out of Vittorio. Nickie announces she is not going to remain at this job for the rest of her life, prompting the girls to speculate on alternative careers ("There's Gotta Be Something Better Than This"), but Herman brings them back down to earth. Charity decides to seek some cultural enlightenment at the 92nd Street Y, where she gets stuck in a broken elevator with shy tax accountant Oscar Lindquist. While trying to calm him down, Charity learns that he is not married. She declares, "Oh Oscar... You're gonna be all right." After helping Oscar overcome his claustrophobia ("I'm the Bravest Individual"), the pair are plunged into new panic when the lights stop working.
After being trapped in a broken elevator, Oscar and Charity are finally rescued when it starts working again. Oscar invites Charity to go to church with him, to which she hesitantly agrees. As they walk under the Manhattan Bridge to the church, the faint cries of the next person to be stuck in the elevator are heard. The Rhythm of Life Church turns out to be a thin veneer on hippie culture ("The Rhythm of Life"). A police raid breaks up the meeting. Traveling home on the subway, Oscar proposes another date and tries to guess Charity's job, deciding that she works in a bank. Charity lies, saying she works for First National City, Williamsburg Branch. As they part, Oscar kisses her hand, and dubs her Sweet Charity ("Sweet Charity").
After two weeks, Oscar and Charity have continued dating, and she still has not confessed what she actually does for a living. At Coney Island Amusement Park they become trapped again when the Parachute Jump ride breaks. This time, Oscar is the calm one while Charity is scared — scared that she is starting to depend on him. Once again, Charity loses her nerve about telling him what her real job is. As the crowd looks on, the couple kisses. On a slow night at the Fandango, Charity loses the opportunity to snare one of the few customers to a new co-worker, Rosie. Disgusted by the whole business, she quits. However, in Times Square, she wonders what the alternative is ("Where Am I Going?"). Sending a telegram to Oscar, she asks to meet him at Barney's Chile Hacienda. She admits that she is a dance hall hostess; he admits he already knows, having followed her one night and watched her dancing. He says he does not care and wants to marry her. Relieved and elated, Charity leaves ("I'm A Brass Band") and packs a suitcase on which is printed 'Almost Married'.
After a farewell party at the Ballroom ("I Love to Cry at Weddings"), Charity and Oscar walk in the park, whereupon Oscar announces that he cannot go through with the wedding, saying he is unable to stop thinking about the "other men". Eventually, believing he’s sparing her an unhappy life with him, he pushes her into the lake and runs off. Emerging from the lake, Charity, speaking directly to the audience, asks "Did you ever have one of those days?". Realizing that unlike Charlie, Oscar has not stolen her bag, she shrugs and reprises her opening dance.
The stage blacks out onto three neon signs, reading "And so she lived … hopefully … ever after".
- Charity Hope Valentine, the girl who wanted to be loved.
- Oscar Lindquist, a man whom Charity befriends and eventually falls in love with.
- Charlie, Charity's boyfriend in the opening of the show, and the name on her tattoo
- Nickie and Helene, Charity's closest friends who are taxi dancers at the Fandango Ballroom.
- Herman, the authoritarian owner of the Fandango Ballroom; Charity's boss.
- Vittorio Vidal, a famous Italian movie star.
- Ursula March, Vittorio's girlfriend
- Manfred, Vittorio's butler
- Daddy Johann Sebastian Brubeck, the enigmatic leader of the Rhythm of Life Church.
- Carmen, a dancer at the Fandango Ballroom who is friends with Nickie, Helene, and Charity
- Rosie, the new dancer at the Fandango Ballroom.
- Suzanne, Frenchie, Betsy, and Elaine, dancers at the Fandango Ballroom
After a tryout at Detroit's Fisher Theatre, the musical premiered on Broadway at the Palace Theatre on January 29, 1966 and closed on July 15, 1967 after 608 performances and 10 previews. It was conceived, directed and choreographed by Bob Fosse and starred Gwen Verdon, John McMartin, Helen Gallagher, Thelma Oliver, James Luisi, Arnold Soboloff, Sharon Ritchie, Ruth Buzzi, and Barbara Sharma. Scenic and lighting design were by Robert Randolph and costume design was by Irene Sharaff. The production was nominated for 9 Tony Awards, winning for Fosse's choreography.
The Australian production was produced by J.C. Williamson, starring Nancye Hayes as Charity and Peter Adams as Oscar. The show commenced on 21 January 1967 at Her Majesty's Theatre in Sydney, and subsequently played seasons in Melbourne and Adelaide.
1986 Broadway revival
A revival opened on Broadway at the Minskoff Theatre on April 27, 1986 and closed on March 15, 1987, running for 369 performances and 15 previews. Again directed and choreographed by Fosse, Debbie Allen starred as Charity with Bebe Neuwirth as Nickie, Allison Williams as Helene and Michael Rupert as Oscar. Fosse's wife Gwen Verdon (the original Charity from 1966), remounted the choreography with Fosse, and taught much of the ensemble numbers to the female chorus. The production won four Tony Awards including the Tony Award, Best Reproduction (Play or Musical). When Allen left the show, Ann Reinking took over as Charity.
1998 benefit concert
On June 15, 1998, Broadway Cares/Equity Fights AIDS presented an all-star fully staged one-night-only concert at Avery Fisher Hall in Lincoln Center. It starred Chita Rivera, Bebe Neuwirth, Donna McKechnie, Debbie Allen and, in her last public stage appearance, Gwen Verdon, all in the shared role of Charity.
1998 London revival
2005 Broadway revival
Christina Applegate starred in another revival of the show, opening on Broadway at the Al Hirschfeld Theatre on May 4, 2005, after a troubled three-city preview tour. The show went into production beginning January 25, 2005, at the Historic Orpheum Theatre in Minneapolis. Audience-attended previews began February 8, with the Opening Night performance held February 17, 2005. The Minneapolis engagement closed on February 20. Applegate broke her foot in Chicago, the second stop on the tour, and was replaced by her understudy, Charlotte d'Amboise. Then, after the final leg of the tour in Boston, the producers announced that the production would not be continuing to Broadway due to lack of interest. However, two days later, the Broadway engagement was on after Applegate convinced the producers to continue. A week into previews, Applegate rejoined the cast, which also included Denis O'Hare as Oscar, Shannon Lewis as Ursula and Ernie Sabella as Herman. The show was nominated for three Tony Awards including Best Revival of a Musical and Best Actress in a Musical for Applegate. Reportedly, pop icon Britney Spears was asked to replace Applegate when her contract expired, but declined the offer. The musical ended its Broadway run on December 31, 2005, after 279 performances.
2009 London revival
A revival of the show opened for a limited engagement at London's Menier Chocolate Factory on 21 November 2009 and closed on 7 March 2010. It starred Tamzin Outhwaite as Charity. Outhwaite reprised the title role in the West End transfer of the successful Chocolate Factory production of the show. Playing at the Theatre Royal, Haymarket the show opened officially on 4 May 2010 after previews began on 23 April. This was the first major production to have the same actor (Mark Umbers) play all three of Charity's love interests: Charlie, Vittorio, and Oscar. Similarly, Josefina Gabrielle played both Nickie and Ursula while Tiffany Graves played Helene. The production closed at the Theatre Royal Haymarket on 6 November 2010 despite being scheduled to run until January 2011. The 2011 Olivier Award nominations were announced on Monday 7 January 2011, and this production received three nominations: Best Revival of a Musical, Best Theatre Choreography for Stephen Mear and Best Supporting Actress in a Musical for Josefina Gabrielle.
2014 Sydney and 2015 Australian tour
The show was the first production of the new Hayes Theatre Co in Potts Point, Sydney, Australia. Directed by Dean Bryant, and choreographed by Andrew Hallsworth, it starred Verity Hunt-Ballard as Charity, and Martin Crewes as Charlie, Vittorio and Oscar.
Verity Hunt-Ballard won the 2014 Helpmann Award for Best Female Actor in a Musical, while Dean Bryant and Andrew Hallsworth won the Helpmanns for Best Direction and Best Choreography, respectively. Martin Crewes was nominated for Best Male Actor, and Debora Krizak was nominated for Best Supporting Female. The show was nominated for Best Musical, and Andrew Worboys and Jessica James-Moody were nominated for Best Musical Direction and Best Sound Design, respectively. It also won several Sydney Theatre Awards for Best Production of a Musical, Best Performance by an Actress in a Leading Role in a Musical (Verity Hunt-Ballard) and Best Performance by an Actress in a Supporting Role in a Musical (Debora Krizak).
It then toured to the Canberra Theatre Centre, Arts Centre Melbourne Playhouse and the Illawarra Performing Arts Centre in Wollongong.
2015 London concert performances
In August 2015 Denise Van Outen performs the title role in concert performances of the musical at Cadogan Hall, with actor/singer Michael Xavier, ex-Girls Aloud band member Kimberley Walsh, West End star Kerry Ellis, and actors/singers Michael Simkins and Rodney Earl Clarke.
The musical was presented Off-Broadway by The New Group at the Pershing Square Signature Center, opening on November 20, 2016. Directed by Leigh Silverman with choreography by Joshua Bergasse, the cast stars Sutton Foster as Charity Hope Valentine, Asmeret Ghebremichael (Nickie), Shuler Hensley (Oscar), Emily Padgett (Helene), and Joel Perez.
2019 Off-West End
In April 2019 The Donmar Warehouse revived the production for a limited run from 6 April 2019 to 8 June 2019. The production starred Anne Marie-Duff as Charity, Arthur Darvill as Oscar and a variety of guest actors to play Daddy Brubeck including Adrien Lester and Beverly Knight. This was Josie Rourke's last production as artistic director at The Donmar.
Awards and nominations
Original Broadway production
|1966||Tony Award||Best Musical||Nominated|
|Best Composer and Lyricist||Cy Coleman and Dorothy Fields||Nominated|
|Best Performance by a Leading Actress in a Musical||Gwen Verdon||Nominated|
|Best Performance by a Featured Actor in a Musical||John McMartin||Nominated|
|Best Performance by a Featured Actress in a Musical||Helen Gallagher||Nominated|
|Best Direction of a Musical||Bob Fosse||Nominated|
|Best Scenic Design||Robert Randolph||Nominated|
|Best Costume Design||Irene Sharaff||Nominated|
1986 Broadway revival
|1986||Tony Award||Best Revival||Won|
|Best Performance by a Leading Actress in a Musical||Debbie Allen||Nominated|
|Best Performance by a Featured Actor in a Musical||Michael Rupert||Won|
|Best Performance by a Featured Actress in a Musical||Bebe Neuwirth||Won|
|Best Costume Design||Patricia Zipprodt||Won|
|Drama Desk Award||Outstanding Actress in a Musical||Debbie Allen||Nominated|
|Outstanding Featured Actor in a Musical||Michael Rupert||Won|
|Outstanding Featured Actress in a Musical||Bebe Neuwirth||Nominated|
|Outstanding Director of a Musical||Bob Fosse||Nominated|
|Outstanding Orchestrations||Ralph Burns||Nominated|
2005 Broadway revival
|2005||Tony Award||Best Revival of a Musical||Nominated|
|Best Performance by a Leading Actress in a Musical||Christina Applegate||Nominated|
|Best Choreography||Wayne Cilento||Nominated|
|Drama Desk Award||Outstanding Revival of a Musical||Nominated|
|Outstanding Actress in a Musical||Christina Applegate||Nominated|
|Outstanding Featured Actor in a Musical||Denis O'Hare||Won|
|Outstanding Set Design||Scott Pask||Nominated|
2009 London revival
|2011||Laurence Olivier Award||Best Musical Revival||Nominated|
|Best Performance in a Supporting Role in a Musical||Josefina Gabrielle||Nominated|
|Best Theatre Choreographer||Stephen Mear||Nominated|
2014 Sydney revival
|Helpmann Awards||Best Musical||Nominated|
|Best Direction of a Musical||Dean Bryant||Won|
|Best Choreography of a Musical||Andrew Hallsworth||Won|
|Best Female Actor in a Musical||Verity Hunt-Ballard||Won|
|Best Male Actor in a Musical||Martin Crewes||Nominated|
|Best Supporting Female Actor in a Musical||Debora Krizak||Nominated|
|Best Musical Direction||Andrew Worboys||Nominated|
|Best Sound Design||Jessica James-Moody||Nominated|
2016 Off-Broadway production
|2017||Drama Desk Awards||Outstanding Revival of a Musical||Nominated|
|Outstanding Leading Actress in a Musical||Sutton Foster||Nominated|
|Lucille Lortel Awards||Outstanding Revival||Nominated|
|Outstanding Lead Actor in a Musical||Shuler Hensley||Nominated|
|Outstanding Lead Actress in a Musical||Sutton Foster||Nominated|
|Outstanding Featured Actor in a Musical||Joel Perez||Won|
|Outstanding Featured Actress in a Musical||Asmeret Ghebremichael||Nominated|
|Outstanding Choreographer||Joshua Bergasse||Nominated|
|Outer Critics Circle Awards||Outstanding Featured Actor in a Musical||Shuler Hensley||Nominated|
There are numerous recordings of the show's score available including:
- 1966 Original Broadway cast recording
- Film soundtrack recording
- 1986 Broadway cast recording with Debbie Allen and Bebe Neuwirth
- First complete recording of the show conducted by Martin Yates. This version includes the complete score with bonus tracks from the film's score
- 2005 Broadway cast recording starring Christina Applegate and Denis O'Hare
- "AusStage". www.ausstage.edu.au. Retrieved 2020-06-18.
- Vallance, Tom."Obituary: Juliet Prowse" The Independent, 16 September 1996
- Green, Stanley. Encyclopedia of the Musical Theatre, Da Capo Press, 1980, ISBN 0-306-80113-2, p. 409
- Willis, John. Theatre World 1998–1999 (Vol. 55), Hal Leonard Corporation, 2002, ISBN 1-55783-432-6, p.6
- "Sweet Charity' listing, 1998" Albemarle of London, retrieved 1 July 2010
- Simonson, Robert. "Sweet Charity Begins Its Run at Broadway With Feb. 8–20 Minneapolis Tryout" Playbill.com, February 8, 2005
- Simonson, Robert. " Sweet Charity Cast Frugs Its Last in Minneapolis Feb. 20; Chicago Next Stop" Playbill.com, February 8, 2005
- Simonson, Robert. "Christina Applegate Debuts as Charity in Broadway's Sweet Charity April 18" Playbill.com, April 18, 2005
- Simonson, Robert. Will a Spears-Starring Sweet Charity Move to Hilton Theatre? Playbill.com, November 23, 2005
- Pincus-Roth, Zachary. "Paige Davis to Replace Ringwald in Sweet Charity Tour" Playbill.com, March 12, 2007
- Shenton, Mark "Menier Revival of 'Sweet Charity' to Transfer to West End's Theatre Royal, Haymarket" Playbill.com, 19 February 2010
- Sweet Charity announces West End closure OfficialLondonTheatre.com
-  smh.com.au
-  Daily Telegraph
- "Nominees and Winners helpmannawards.com.au
-  sydneytheatreawards.com
- Sweet Charity smh.com.au
-  jolitson.com, January 18, 2015
- Hook, Chris." 'Sweet Charity' shines in return season move to Opera House" The Daily Telegraph, January 22, 2015
- Sweet Charity Cadogan Hall.com
- Viagas, Robert. "See How the Critics Reviewed Sutton Foster in' Sweet Charity'" Playbill, November 20, 2016
- Stasio, Marilyn. "Off Broadway Review: Sutton Foster in ‘Sweet Charity’" Variety November 20, 2016
- "2014 Nominees and Winners | Helpmann Awards".
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