Swimming at the 1952 Summer Olympics – Women's 200 metre breaststroke

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Women's 200 metre breaststroke
at the Games of the XV Olympiad
Venue Helsinki Swimming Stadium
Date 26 July (heats)
27 July (semifinals)
29 July (final)
Competitors 33 from 19 nations
Winning time 2:51.7 (OR)
Medalists
1st, gold medalist(s) Éva Székely  Hungary
2nd, silver medalist(s) Éva Novák-Gerard  Hungary
3rd, bronze medalist(s) Elenor Gordon  Great Britain
← 1948
1956 →
Swimming at the
1952 Summer Olympics
Swimming pictogram.svg
Freestyle
100 m men   women
400 m men   women
1500 m men
Backstroke
100 m men   women
Breaststroke
200 m men   women
Freestyle relay
4×100 m   women
4×200 m men  

The women's 200 metre breaststroke event, included in the swimming competition at the 1952 Summer Olympics, took place on July 26–29, at the Helsinki Swimming Stadium. In this event, swimmers covered four lengths of the 50-metre (160 ft) Olympic-sized pool employing the breaststroke. It was the sixth appearance of the event, which first appeared at the 1924 Summer Olympics in Paris. A total of 33 competitors from 19 nations participated in the event.[1]

Records[edit]

Prior to this competition, the existing world and Olympic records were:

World record  Éva Novák-Gerard (HUN) 2:48.5 s Moscow, Soviet Union 5 May 1951
Olympic record  Nel van Vliet (NED) 2:57.2 s London, United Kingdom 31 July 1948

The following records were established during the competition:

Date Round Name Nationality Time OR WR
July 26 Heat 1 Éva Novák-Gerard  Hungary 2:54.0 OR
July 27 Semifinal 2 Éva Székely  Hungary 2:54.0 OR
July 29 Final Éva Székely  Hungary 2:51.7 OR

Hungarian Éva Székely used the butterfly stroke in this event, which was permissible at the time. At the 1956 Summer Olympics, the 200m breaststroke event only allowed the orthodox breaststroke to be used, and a new 100m butterfly event was created.[3]

Results[edit]

Heats[edit]

Rank Heat Name Nationality Time Notes
1 1 Novák-Gerard, ÉvaÉva Novák-Gerard  Hungary 2:54.0 Q, OR[4]
2 4 Székely, ÉvaÉva Székely  Hungary 2:55.1 Q
3 5 Hansen, JytteJytte Hansen  Denmark 2:57.7 Q
4 3 Gordon, ElenorElenor Gordon  Great Britain 2:58.6 Q
5 3 Killermann, KláraKlára Killermann  Hungary 2:59.1 Q
6 5 Garritsen, NelNel Garritsen  Netherlands 2:59.4 Q
7 2 Bonnier, LiesLies Bonnier  Netherlands 3:00.6 Q
8 5 Eklund, Ulla-BrittUlla-Britt Eklund  Sweden 3:01.2 Q
9 5 Havrysh, MariyaMariya Havrysh  Soviet Union 3:01.6 Q
10 1 Happe, UrsulaUrsula Happe  Germany 3:02.7 Q
10 3 Sakamoto, KazukoKazuko Sakamoto  Japan 3:02.7 Q
12 4 Vergauwen, RaymondeRaymonde Vergauwen  Belgium 3:02.8 Q
13 2 Lyons, NancyNancy Lyons  Australia 3:04.4 Q
14 4 Wrigley, JeanJean Wrigley  Great Britain 3:04.5 Q
15 1 Bruins, RikaRika Bruins  Netherlands 3:04.7 Q
16 4 Mäkelä, KaijaKaija Mäkelä  Finland 3:04.7 Q
17 2 Harris, ValerieValerie Harris  Great Britain 3:04.6
18 5 Aoki, MasayoMasayo Aoki  Japan 3:05.6
19 3 Lusien, OdetteOdette Lusien  France 3:06.7
20 1 Kostina, VeraVera Kostina  Soviet Union 3:07.3
21 4 Hedegaard Jensen, KirstenKirsten Hedegaard Jensen  Denmark 3:07.5
22 3 Ward Petersen, EileenEileen Ward Petersen  Denmark 3:09.3
23 2 Zenziveyeva, RozaRoza Zenziveyeva  Soviet Union 3:10.5
23 1 Albert, IlseIlse Albert  Austria 3:12.5
24 1 Peters, GailGail Peters  United States 3:13.3
25 4 Strong, IreneIrene Strong  Canada 3:13.5
26 5 Sehorn, DellaDella Sehorn  United States 3:13.7
27 1 Knabenhans, MargritMargrit Knabenhans  Switzerland 3:17.4
28 2 Cornell, JudyJudy Cornell  United States 3:17.7
29 2 Kwok, IreneIrene Kwok  Hong Kong 3:19.2
30 5 Kobi, LiselotteLiselotte Kobi  Switzerland 3:22.0
31 4 Nazir, DollyDolly Nazir  India 3:37.9
32 3 Saha, AratiArati Saha  India 3:40.8
33 2 Mróz, AleksandraAleksandra Mróz  Poland DSQ[4]

Semifinals[edit]

Rank Heat Name Nationality Time Notes
1 2 Székely, ÉvaÉva Székely  Hungary 2:54.0 Q, OR[4]
2 1 Novák-Gerard, ÉvaÉva Novák-Gerard  Hungary 2:55.8 Q
3 1 Killermann, KláraKlára Killermann  Hungary 2:56.5 Q
4 2 Gordon, ElenorElenor Gordon  Great Britain 2:57.8 Q
5 1 Havrysh, MariyaMariya Havrysh  Soviet Union 2:58.6 Q
6 2 Garritsen, NelNel Garritsen  Netherlands 2:59.5 Q
7 1 Hansen, JytteJytte Hansen  Denmark 2:59.5 Q
8 2 Eklund, Ulla-BrittUlla-Britt Eklund  Sweden 2:59.6 Q
9 1 Bonnier, LiesLies Bonnier  Netherlands 3:00.3
10 1 Bruins, RikaRika Bruins  Netherlands 3:02.4
11 2 Vergauwen, RaymondeRaymonde Vergauwen  Belgium 3:02.6
12 2 Wrigley, JeanJean Wrigley  Great Britain 3:03.2
13 2 Happe, UrsulaUrsula Happe  Germany 3:03.8
14 1 Sakamoto, KazukoKazuko Sakamoto  Japan 3:04.2
15 1 Lyons, NancyNancy Lyons  Australia 3:05.6
16 2 Mäkelä, KaijaKaija Mäkelä  Finland 3:06.2

Final[edit]

Rank Name Nationality Time Notes
1st, gold medalist(s) Székely, ÉvaÉva Székely  Hungary 2:51.7 OR[4]
2nd, silver medalist(s) Novák-Gerard, ÉvaÉva Novák-Gerard  Hungary 2:54.4
3rd, bronze medalist(s) Gordon, ElenorElenor Gordon  Great Britain 2:57.6
4 Killermann, KláraKlára Killermann  Hungary 2:57.6
5 Hansen, JytteJytte Hansen  Denmark 2:57.8
6 Havrysh, MariyaMariya Havrysh  Soviet Union 2:58.9
7 Eklund, Ulla-BrittUlla-Britt Eklund  Sweden 3:01.8
8 Garritsen, NelNel Garritsen  Netherlands 3:02.1

Sources[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Swimming at the 1952 Helsinki Summer Games: Women's 200 metres Breaststroke". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference, LLC. Retrieved 1 July 2012. 
  2. ^ a b Kolkka, p. 590.
  3. ^ Doyle, p. 588.
  4. ^ a b c d Kolkka, p. 591.