Swimming at the 2004 Summer Olympics

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Swimming
at the Games of the XXVIII Olympiad
Swimming, Athens 2004.png
VenueAthens Olympic Aquatic Centre
Dates14 – 21 August 2004
Competitors937 from 152 nations
← 2000
2008 →

The swimming competitions at the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens took place from 14 to 21 August 2004 at the Athens Olympic Aquatic Centre in Marousi. It featured 32 events (16 male, 16 female), a total of 937 swimmers from 152 nations, and the program's changes instituted in the previous Games, including notably the three-phase format (heats, semifinals, and final) for all short-distance races (200 metres and under).[1][2]

Swimmers from the United States continued to dominate the medal tally with a total of 28, earning twelve golds, nine silver, and seven bronze.[3] Australia still maintained the second spot from Sydney in 2000, but produced a total of 15 more medals (seven golds, five silver, and three bronze) to its historical hardware in swimming.[4][5] Meanwhile, Japan moved from behind to third overall in the medal board with eight medals after a sterling breaststroke double from Kosuke Kitajima. A total of eight world records and twenty-five Olympic records were set during the competition.

Venue[edit]

Grandstand view of the swimming pool at the Athens Olympic Aquatic Centre during the 2004 Summer Olympics.

Swimming events at the 2004 Summer Olympics were held at the Athens Olympic Aquatic Centre, officially known as the Olympic Aquatic Centre of the Athens Olympic Sports Complex (OCO) during the games.[6] Originally built for the 1991 Mediterranean Games,[7] it was refurbished to host swimming, diving, synchronised swimming, and water polo events; it was the first time in the history of the Olympics that all aquatics disciplines had been held at a single venue.[6][8] Swimming events were held at the main outdoor pool of the complex, which held 10,893 spectators, and was interchangeably used for swimming and water polo events throughout the duration of the games.[8] A plastic-coated tarpaulin roof covering the two outdoor pools of the complex, designed to protect spectators and swimmers from being exposed to the summer heat, was originally planned to be built as part of the renovations.[7][8] However, due to cost overruns and delays in construction, planners decided to scrap the roof in March 2004,[9][10] which was criticised by FINA, the governing body of water sports.[7][8] The venue would ultimately be approved by FINA weeks before the opening of the games in August.[7]

Events[edit]

The following events were contested (all pool events were long course, and distances are in metres unless stated):

Schedule[edit]

Legend
Key H ½ F TF
Value Heats Semifinals Final Timed final

M = Morning session, E = Evening session

Men[11]
Date → Aug 14 Aug 15 Aug 16 Aug 17 Aug 18 Aug 19 Aug 20 Aug 21
Event ↓ M E M E M E M E M E M E M E M E
50 m freestyle H ½ F
100 m freestyle H ½ F
200 m freestyle H ½ F
400 m freestyle H F
1500 m freestyle H F
100 m backstroke H ½ F
200 m backstroke H ½ F
100 m breaststroke H ½ F
200 m breaststroke H ½ F
100 m butterfly H ½ F
200 m butterfly H ½ F
200 m individual medley H ½ F
400 m individual medley H F
4×100 m freestyle relay H F
4×200 m freestyle relay H F
4×100 m medley relay H F
Women[11]
Date → Aug 14 Aug 15 Aug 16 Aug 17 Aug 18 Aug 19 Aug 20 Aug 21
Event ↓ M E M E M E M E M E M E M E M E
50 m freestyle H ½ F
100 m freestyle H ½ F
200 m freestyle H ½ F
400 m freestyle H F
800 m freestyle H F
100 m backstroke H ½ F
200 m backstroke H ½ F
100 m breaststroke H ½ F
200 m breaststroke H ½ F
100 m butterfly H ½ F
200 m butterfly H ½ F
200 m individual medley H ½ F
400 m individual medley H F
4×100 m freestyle relay H F
4×200 m freestyle relay H F
4×100 m medley relay H F

Participating nations[edit]

A total of 937 swimmers (544 men and 393 women) from 152 nations would compete in swimming events at these Olympic Games.[12] Antigua and Barbuda, Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cayman Islands, Guyana, and Turkmenistan made their official debut in swimming. Meanwhile, Albania, Libyan Arab Jamahiriya and Norway returned to the sport after long years of absence. Nations with swimmers at the Games are (team size in parentheses):

Medal summary[edit]

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 United States (USA)129728
2 Australia (AUS)75315
3 Japan (JPN)3148
4 Netherlands (NED)2327
5 Ukraine (UKR)2013
6 France (FRA)1236
7 Poland (POL)1203
8 South Africa (RSA)1113
 Zimbabwe (ZIM)1113
10 China (CHN)1102
11 Romania (ROM)1012
12 Austria (AUT)0202
13 Germany (GER)0145
14 Hungary (HUN)0112
 Italy (ITA)0112
16 Croatia (CRO)0101
 Russia (RUS)0101
18 Great Britain (GBR)0022
19 Argentina (ARG)0011
 Trinidad and Tobago (TRI)0011
Totals (20 nations)32323397

Results[edit]

Men's events[edit]

Event Gold Silver Bronze
50 m freestyle
details
Gary Hall, Jr.
 United States
21.93 Duje Draganja
 Croatia
21.94 Roland Mark Schoeman
 South Africa
22.02
100 m freestyle
details
Pieter van den Hoogenband
 Netherlands
48.17 Roland Mark Schoeman
 South Africa
48.23 Ian Thorpe
 Australia
48.56
200 m freestyle
details
Ian Thorpe
 Australia
1:44.71 OR Pieter van den Hoogenband
 Netherlands
1:45.23 Michael Phelps
 United States
1:45.32 AM
400 m freestyle
details
Ian Thorpe
 Australia
3:43.10 Grant Hackett
 Australia
3:43.36 Klete Keller
 United States
3:44.11 AM
1500 m freestyle
details
Grant Hackett
 Australia
14:43.40 Larsen Jensen
 United States
14:45.29 AM David Davies
 Great Britain
14:45.95 NR
100 m backstroke
details
Aaron Peirsol
 United States
54.06 Markus Rogan
 Austria
54.35 Tomomi Morita
 Japan
54.36 AS
200 m backstroke
details
Aaron Peirsol
 United States
1:54.95 OR Markus Rogan
 Austria
1:57.35 Răzvan Florea
 Romania
1:57.56
100 m breaststroke
details
Kosuke Kitajima
 Japan
1:00.08 Brendan Hansen
 United States
1:00.25 Hugues Duboscq
 France
1:00.88
200 m breaststroke
details
Kosuke Kitajima
 Japan
2:09.44 OR Dániel Gyurta
 Hungary
2:10.80 Brendan Hansen
 United States
2:10.87
100 m butterfly
details
Michael Phelps
 United States
51.25 OR Ian Crocker
 United States
51.29 Andriy Serdinov
 Ukraine
51.36 EU
200 m butterfly
details
Michael Phelps
 United States
1:54.04 OR Takashi Yamamoto
 Japan
1:54.56 AS Stephen Parry
 Great Britain
1:55.52
200 m individual medley
details
Michael Phelps
 United States
1:57.14 OR Ryan Lochte
 United States
1:58.78 George Bovell
 Trinidad and Tobago
1:58.80 NR
400 m individual medley
details
Michael Phelps
 United States
4:08.26 WR Erik Vendt
 United States
4:11.81 László Cseh
 Hungary
4:12.15
4 × 100 m freestyle relay
details
 South Africa
Roland Schoeman
Lyndon Ferns
Darian Townsend
Ryk Neethling
3:13.17 WR  Netherlands
Johan Kenkhuis
Mitja Zastrow
Klaas-Erik Zwering
Pieter van den Hoogenband
Mark Veens*
3:14.36 NR  United States
Ian Crocker
Michael Phelps
Neil Walker
Jason Lezak
Nate Dusing*
Gary Hall, Jr.*
Gabe Woodward*
3:14.62
4 × 200 m freestyle relay
details
 United States
Michael Phelps
Ryan Lochte
Peter Vanderkaay
Klete Keller
Scott Goldblatt*
Dan Ketchum*
7:07.33 AM  Australia
Grant Hackett
Michael Klim
Nicholas Sprenger
Ian Thorpe
Antony Matkovich*
Todd Pearson*
Craig Stevens*
7:07.46  Italy
Emiliano Brembilla
Massimiliano Rosolino
Simone Cercato
Filippo Magnini
Federico Cappellazzo*
Matteo Pelliciari*
7:11.83
4 × 100 m medley relay
details
 United States
Aaron Peirsol
Brendan Hansen
Ian Crocker
Jason Lezak
Lenny Krayzelburg*
Mark Gangloff*
Michael Phelps*
Neil Walker*
3:30.68 WR  Germany
Steffen Driesen
Jens Kruppa
Thomas Rupprath
Lars Conrad
Helge Meeuw*
3:33.62  Japan
Tomomi Morita
Kosuke Kitajima
Takashi Yamamoto
Yoshihiro Okumura
3:35.22

* Swimmers who participated in the heats only and received medals.

Women's events[edit]

Event Gold Silver Bronze
50 m freestyle
details
Inge de Bruijn
 Netherlands
24.58 Malia Metella
 France
24.89 Lisbeth Lenton
 Australia
24.91
100 m freestyle
details
Jodie Henry
 Australia
53.84 Inge de Bruijn
 Netherlands
54.16 Natalie Coughlin
 United States
54.40
200 m freestyle
details
Camelia Potec
 Romania
1:58.03 Federica Pellegrini
 Italy
1:58.22 Solenne Figuès
 France
1:58.45
400 m freestyle
details
Laure Manaudou
 France
4:05.34 EU Otylia Jędrzejczak
 Poland
4:05.84 Kaitlin Sandeno
 United States
4:06.19
800 m freestyle
details
Ai Shibata
 Japan
8:24.54 Laure Manaudou
 France
8:24.96 Diana Munz
 United States
8:26.61
100 m backstroke
details
Natalie Coughlin
 United States
1:00.37 Kirsty Coventry
 Zimbabwe
1:00.50 Laure Manaudou
 France
1:00.88
200 m backstroke
details
Kirsty Coventry
 Zimbabwe
2:09.19 AF Stanislava Komarova
 Russia
2:09.72 Antje Buschschulte
 Germany
Reiko Nakamura
 Japan
2:09.88
100 m breaststroke
details
Luo Xuejuan
 China
1:06.64 OR Brooke Hanson
 Australia
1:07.15 Leisel Jones
 Australia
1:07.16
200 m breaststroke
details
Amanda Beard
 United States
2:23.37 OR Leisel Jones
 Australia
2:23.60 Anne Poleska
 Germany
2:25.82
100 m butterfly
details
Petria Thomas
 Australia
57.72 Otylia Jędrzejczak
 Poland
57.84 Inge de Bruijn
 Netherlands
57.99
200 m butterfly
details
Otylia Jędrzejczak
 Poland
2:06.05 Petria Thomas
 Australia
2:06.36 Yuko Nakanishi
 Japan
2:08.04
200 m individual medley
details
Yana Klochkova
 Ukraine
2:11.14 Amanda Beard
 United States
2:11.70 AM Kirsty Coventry
 Zimbabwe
2:12.72 AF
400 m individual medley
details
Yana Klochkova
 Ukraine
4:34.83 Kaitlin Sandeno
 United States
4:34.95 AM Georgina Bardach
 Argentina
4:37.51 SA
4 × 100 m freestyle relay
details
 Australia
Alice Mills
Lisbeth Lenton
Petria Thomas
Jodie Henry
Sarah Ryan*
3:35.94 WR  United States
Kara Lynn Joyce
Natalie Coughlin
Amanda Weir
Jenny Thompson
Lindsay Benko*
Maritza Correia*
Colleen Lanne*
3:36.39 AM  Netherlands
Chantal Groot
Inge Dekker
Marleen Veldhuis
Inge de Bruijn
Annabel Kosten*
3:37.59
4 × 200 m freestyle relay
details
 United States
Natalie Coughlin
Carly Piper
Dana Vollmer
Kaitlin Sandeno
Lindsay Benko*
Rhi Jeffrey*
Rachel Komisarz*
7:53.42 WR  China
Zhu Yingwen
Xu Yanwei
Yang Yu
Pang Jiaying
Li Ji*
7:55.97 AS  Germany
Franziska van Almsick
Petra Dallmann
Antje Buschschulte
Hannah Stockbauer
Janina Götz*
Sara Harstick*
7:57.37
4 × 100 m medley relay
details
 Australia
Giaan Rooney
Leisel Jones
Petria Thomas
Jodie Henry
Brooke Hanson*
Alice Mills*
Jessicah Schipper*
3:57.32 WR  United States
Natalie Coughlin
Amanda Beard
Jenny Thompson
Kara Lynn Joyce
Haley Cope*
Tara Kirk*
Rachel Komisarz*
Amanda Weir*
3:59.12  Germany
Antje Buschschulte
Sarah Poewe
Franziska van Almsick
Daniela Götz
4:00.72 EU

* Swimmers who participated in the heats only and received medals.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "USA Today 2004 Olympic Coverage: Swimming Format and Schedule". USA Today. 20 May 2005. Retrieved 30 June 2013.
  2. ^ "Athens 2004: Volume Two – Aquatics (Swimming)" (PDF). Sydney 2000. LA84 Foundation. pp. 9–27. Retrieved 29 June 2013.
  3. ^ "U.S. adds another relay gold". ESPN. 22 August 2004. Retrieved 30 June 2013.
  4. ^ Gordos, Phil (21 August 2004). "Phelps causes biggest splash". BBC Sport. Retrieved 30 June 2013.
  5. ^ "Australian team expects world swimming titles to close door on culture of drug abuse, bullying and bad behaviour". The Australian. 29 June 2013. Retrieved 30 June 2013.
  6. ^ a b Olympic Games staff (11 February 2004). "ATHENS 2004: 12 water polo teams qualified". Olympic Games. International Olympic Committee. Archived from the original on 6 August 2018. Retrieved 6 August 2018. For the first time in Olympic Games history, all aquatics events will take place in a single venue, the Olympic Aquatic Centre of the Athens Olympic Sports Complex (OCO).
  7. ^ a b c d Commings, Jeff (27 July 2012). "Olympic Pools: Where Are They Now? (Part Five)". Swimming World. Sports Publications International. Archived from the original on 6 August 2018. Retrieved 6 August 2018. Like the Sydney pool, the Athens competition pool was not built for the Games. It had been around for more than a decade, hosting the 1991 Mediterranean Games. But the heat was a concern, and organizers had planned to put a roof on the building as part of the renovation plans. Money fell through, and the roof was not built, much to the initial chagrin of FINA, which would later approve the facility mere weeks before Michael Phelps and others claimed gold.
  8. ^ a b c d BBC Sport staff (15 July 2004). "Olympics 2004 - Venues Guide - Aquatic Center". BBC Sport. British Broadcasting Corporation. Archived from the original on 6 August 2018. Retrieved 6 August 2018. For the first time in Olympic history, all the aquatics events [...] will take place at one venue. [...] Progress on its construction fell way behind schedule. Organisers finally decided in March to scrap a planned plastic-coated tarpaulin roof over the main pool. That decision will leave swimmers exposed to searing August temperatures, to the dismay of swimming's ruling body Fina. [...] Spectators: Main pool 10,893
  9. ^ Stevens, Richard (31 March 2004). "Athens costs set to soar over budget". The Guardian. Guardian Media Group. Archived from the original on 6 August 2018. Retrieved 6 August 2018. Earlier this month officials cancelled a much delayed plastic roof for the swimming venue.
  10. ^ Muriel, Diana (6 May 2004). "Athens in race against time". CNN. Time Warner Inc. Archived from the original on 6 August 2018. Retrieved 6 August 2018. The roof of the Olympic swimming pool had to be abandoned.
  11. ^ a b "BBC 2004 Olympic Coverage: Swimming Schedule". BBC Sport. Retrieved 30 June 2013.
  12. ^ "Athens 2004: Swimming – Entry List by NOC" (PDF). Athens 2004. LA84 Foundation. pp. 2–23. Retrieved 30 June 2013.

External links[edit]