Swimming at the 2016 Summer Olympics – Women's 100 metre freestyle

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Women's 100 metre freestyle
at the Games of the XXXI Olympiad
Venue Olympic Aquatics Stadium
Dates 10 August 2016 (heats &
semifinals)
11 August 2016 (final)
Competitors 48 from 37 nations
Winning time 52.70 OR
Medalists
1st, gold medalist(s) Penny Oleksiak  Canada
1st, gold medalist(s) Simone Manuel  United States
3rd, bronze medalist(s) Sarah Sjöström  Sweden
← 2012
2020 →

The women's 100 metre freestyle event at the 2016 Summer Olympics took place between 10–11 August at the Olympic Aquatics Stadium.[1]

In one of the most unexpected results at these Games, Canadian teenager Penny Oleksiak and U.S. sprinter Simone Manuel pulled off an enormous upset from Australia's pre-race favorites Bronte and Cate Campbell down the home stretch to be in a dead heat for the gold medal.[2] About midway of the final lap, both Oleksiak and Manuel came from behind to overhaul almost the entire field, before touching the wall simultaneously for an Olympic record in 52.70.[3][4] Building a new milestone, Manuel became the first ever African-American female to earn an Olympic gold in swimming, while Oleksiak picked up her fourth medal to establish herself as Canada's most successful athlete at a single edition in Summer Olympic history.[5][6]

Sweden's Sarah Sjöström captured the bronze with a 52.99 to complete a full set of medals at the Games, edging out Bronte Campbell (53.04) to fourth by a 0.05-second deficit.[7][8] Dutch sprinter Ranomi Kromowidjojo missed her chance to defend the title with a fifth-place time in 53.08, while world-record holder Cate Campbell, who broke the existing Olympic record twice each in both the heats and semifinals earlier, slipped to sixth in 53.24.[9][10] Manuel's teammate Abbey Weitzeil (53.30) and Denmark's four-time Olympian Jeanette Ottesen (53.36) rounded out the top eight.[8]

Notable swimmers missed the final roster, including Brazil's home-crowd favorite Etiene Medeiros, Belarus' two-time Olympic medalist Aliaksandra Herasimenia, and Italy's Federica Pellegrini, who scratched the afternoon prelims earlier to focus on her 4×200 m freestyle relay duty instead.[11]

In the victory ceremony, the medals for the competition were presented by James Tomkins, Australia, member of the International Olympic Committee, and the gifts were presented by Matthew Dunn, Australia, Bureau Member of FINA.

Records[edit]

Prior to this competition, the existing world and Olympic records were as follows.

World record  Cate Campbell (AUS) 52.06 Brisbane, Australia 2 July 2016
Olympic record  Ranomi Kromowidjojo (NED) 53.00 London, Great Britain 2 August 2012

The following records were established during the competition:

Date Event Name Nationality Time Record
August 10 Heat 5 Cate Campbell  Australia 52.78 OR
August 10 Semifinal 2 Cate Campbell  Australia 52.71 OR
August 11 Final Simone Manuel
Penny Oleksiak
 United States
 Canada
52.70 OR

Results[edit]

Heats[edit]

Rank Heat Lane Name Nationality Time Notes
1 5 4 Cate Campbell  Australia 52.78 Q, OR
2 4 3 Simone Manuel  United States 53.32 Q
3 6 5 Sarah Sjöström  Sweden 53.37 Q
4 5 5 Ranomi Kromowidjojo  Netherlands 53.43 Q
5 5 3 Penny Oleksiak  Canada 53.53 Q
5 6 Jeanette Ottesen  Denmark Q
7 6 3 Abbey Weitzeil  United States 53.54 Q
8 6 4 Bronte Campbell  Australia 53.71 Q
9 5 2 Chantal Van Landeghem  Canada 53.89 Q
10 6 2 Charlotte Bonnet  France 53.93 Q
11 5 8 Pernille Blume  Denmark 54.15 Q
6 7 Zhu Menghui  China Q
13 4 6 Aliaksandra Herasimenia  Belarus 54.25 Q
14 4 8 Etiene Medeiros  Brazil 54.38 Q
15 4 2 Shen Duo  China 54.41 Q, WD
16 6 1 Rikako Ikee  Japan 54.50 Q
6 8 Miki Uchida  Japan Q
18 5 7 Arianna Vanderpool-Wallace  Bahamas 54.56
19 3 5 Veronika Popova  Russia 54.60
20 4 4 Femke Heemskerk  Netherlands 54.63
21 5 1 Larissa Oliveira  Brazil 54.72
22 4 7 Béryl Gastaldello  France 54.80
23 3 1 Maria Ugolkova  Switzerland 54.85
24 3 7 Camille Cheng  Hong Kong 54.92
25 3 8 Julie Meynen  Luxembourg 55.09
26 3 4 Erika Ferraioli  Italy 55.20
27 2 4 Susann Bjørnsen  Norway 55.35
28 4 1 Nataliya Lovtsova  Russia 55.37
29 3 3 Katarzyna Wilk  Poland 55.44
30 3 6 Andrea Murez  Israel 55.47
31 3 2 Nina Rangelova  Bulgaria 55.71
32 2 3 Natthanan Junkrajang  Thailand 56.24
33 2 5 Jasmine Alkhaldi  Philippines 56.30
34 1 5 Inés Remersaro  Uruguay 57.85 NR
35 2 8 Jade Ashleigh Howard  Zambia 58.47
36 2 6 Ana-Iulia Dascăl  Romania 58.72
37 2 1 Heather Arseth  Mauritius 58.89
38 2 7 Tracy Keith-Matchitt  Cook Islands 58.90
39 2 2 Karen Riveros  Paraguay 59.00
40 1 3 Ana Sofia Nóbrega  Angola 59.23
41 1 6 Fatima Alkaramova  Azerbaijan 59.41
42 1 4 Jovana Terzić  Montenegro 59.59
43 1 2 Nikol Merizaj  Albania 59.99
44 1 8 Estellah Fils Rabetsara  Madagascar 1:01.11
45 1 7 Yusra Mardini  Refugee Olympic Team 1:04.66
46 1 1 Aminath Shajan  Maldives 1:05.71
4 5 Federica Pellegrini  Italy DNS
6 6 Michelle Coleman  Sweden DNS

Semifinals[edit]

Semifinal 1[edit]

Rank Lane Name Nationality Time Notes
1 4 Simone Manuel  United States 53.11 Q
2 6 Bronte Campbell  Australia 53.29 Q
3 3 Jeanette Ottesen  Denmark 53.35 Q, NR
4 5 Ranomi Kromowidjojo  Netherlands 53.42 Q
5 7 Zhu Menghui  China 53.98
6 8 Miki Uchida  Japan 54.39
7 2 Charlotte Bonnet  France 54.54
8 1 Etiene Medeiros  Brazil 54.59

Semifinal 2[edit]

Rank Lane Name Nationality Time Notes
1 4 Cate Campbell  Australia 52.71 Q, OR
2 3 Penny Oleksiak  Canada 52.72 Q, WJR, AM
3 5 Sarah Sjöström  Sweden 53.16 Q
4 6 Abbey Weitzeil  United States 53.53 Q
5 2 Chantal Van Landeghem  Canada 54.00
6 7 Pernille Blume  Denmark 54.19
7 8 Rikako Ikee  Japan 54.31
8 1 Aliaksandra Herasimenia  Belarus 54.34

Final[edit]

Rank Lane Name Nationality Time Notes
1st, gold medalist(s) 5 Penny Oleksiak  Canada 52.70 OR, WJR
3 Simone Manuel  United States OR
3rd, bronze medalist(s) 6 Sarah Sjöström  Sweden 52.99
4 2 Bronte Campbell  Australia 53.04
5 1 Ranomi Kromowidjojo  Netherlands 53.08
6 4 Cate Campbell  Australia 53.24
7 8 Abbey Weitzeil  United States 53.30
8 7 Jeanette Ottesen  Denmark 53.36

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Women's 100m Freestyle". Rio 2016. Archived from the original on 22 September 2016. Retrieved 5 August 2016. 
  2. ^ "Rio Olympics 2016: Simone Manuel and Penny Oleksiak take joint gold". BBC Sport. 12 August 2016. Retrieved 1 September 2016. 
  3. ^ Fenno, Nathan (12 August 2016). "Simone Manuel and Canada's Penny Oleksiak tie for gold in 100 freestyle". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 1 September 2016. 
  4. ^ "Simone Manuel makes history, ties for Olympic gold". USA Today. 12 August 2016. Retrieved 1 September 2016. 
  5. ^ "Simone Manuel first female African-American swimmer to win individual Olympic medal". ESPN. 12 August 2016. Retrieved 1 September 2016. 
  6. ^ Longley, Rob (12 August 2016). "Penny Oleksiak wins Canada's first gold medal in Rio, cementing her star in Olympic history". National Post. Retrieved 1 September 2016. 
  7. ^ "Rio 2016 Olympics: Penny Oleksiak and Simone Manuel tie for 100m freestyle gold". EuroSport. 12 August 2016. Retrieved 1 September 2016. 
  8. ^ a b "Simone Manuel, Penny Oleksiak Tie For Gold In Historic 100 Free Final". Swimming World Magazine. 11 August 2016. Retrieved 1 September 2016. 
  9. ^ Lutton, Phil (11 August 2016). "Rio 2016: Cate Campbell breaking records for fun as Olympic mark falls in 100m heat". Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 1 September 2016. 
  10. ^ Pentony, Luke (12 August 2016). "Rio 2016: Cate Campbell misses Olympic medal in stunning upset in 100 metres freestyle final". ABC News Australia. Retrieved 1 September 2016. 
  11. ^ "Cate Campbell Sets Olympic Record in 100 Freestyle Prelims". Swimming World Magazine. 10 August 2016. Retrieved 1 September 2016. 
  12. ^ Pentony, Luke (2 July 2016). "Rio 2016: Cate Campbell sets new world record ahead of Olympics in 100 metres freestyle". Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 1 September 2016. 
  13. ^ Lutz, Rachel (2 July 2016). "Aussie Cate Campbell takes down 100m freestyle world record". NBC Olympics. Retrieved 6 July 2016. 
  14. ^ "Kromowidjojo wins women's 100 free with OR". Fox News. 2 August 2012. Retrieved 10 July 2013.