Swindon Town railway station

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Swindon Town
Swindon (MSWJ) Railway Station.jpg
Location
Place Swindon
Area Swindon
Operations
Original company Swindon, Marlborough and Andover Railway
Pre-grouping Midland and South Western Junction Railway
Post-grouping Great Western Railway
Western Region of British Railways
Platforms 2
History
27 July 1881[1] Opened
11 September 1961 Closed to passengers
1 November 1966[2] Goods facilities withdrawn
1972 closed completely
Disused railway stations in the United Kingdom
Closed railway stations in Britain
A B C D–F G H–J K–L M–O P–R S T–V W–Z
170433 at Edinburgh Waverley.JPG UK Railways portal
Railway lines in Swindon
GWML to London
Highworth branch line
Stratton
Stratton Park Halt
Stratton St Margaret Works
M&SWJR to Cheltenham
M&SWJR to Southampton
Hayes Knoll
Chiseldon Camp Halt
Blunsdon
Chiseldon
Moredon Halt
Swindon Town
Moredon Power Station
Swindon
Rushey Platt
Purton
Golden Valley Line
Wootton Bassett
SWML to Swansea
GWML to Bristol

Swindon Town railway station was on the Midland and South Western Junction Railway at Swindon in Wiltshire. The station was sited in the Old Town area about one-and-a-half miles from the Great Western Railway's Swindon Junction.

History[edit]

Swindon Town was originally planned under an Act of 1873 for a different site to the east of the eventual station, with a tunnel to be built under the hill on which the Old Town sits. But money ran out and the line was realigned to run south of the hill. The Swindon, Marlborough and Andover Railway opened between Swindon Town and Marlborough on 27 July 1881; in early 1882, the line was extended northwards from Swindon Town to a junction with the Great Western main line at Rushey Platt, and services were started between the two Swindon stations. Rushey Platt became a junction the following year with the opening of the Swindon and Cheltenham Extension Railway as far as Cirencester Watermoor. The SM&AR and the S&CER combined to form the M&SWJR in 1884. Services between the two Swindon stations ceased in 1885 because of the high charges the GWR imposed on M&SWJR trains. Finally, the northern section of the M&SWJR was extended in 1891 from Cirencester to a junction with the GWR Banbury and Cheltenham Direct Railway line at Andoversford railway station, so that through-services could be run from the north to Southampton and the south coast.

Swindon Town was seen as the most important station on the line, and housed the M&SWJR's offices. There was a loop line, a locomotive turntable and a loco shed at the site. The loop line platform was used for the shuttle services to Swindon's GWR station when these were reinstated following the takeover of the M&SWJR by the GWR at the Grouping in 1923.

Swindon Town station was heavily used in early years, but increasingly suffered from the concentration of traffic at the main GWR station as the focus of the town shifted away from the Old Town area to the newer parts that developed around the GWR station and the railway works there. Passenger and goods traffic on the M&SWJR fell very steeply after the Second World War and the line closed to passengers in 1961. Goods facilities were withdrawn in 1966, although freight trains conveying materials for the construction of the M4 motorway continued until 1972 when the track was abandoned. The track was lifted around 1978[3]

Route[edit]

Preceding station Disused railways Following station
Rushey Platt   Midland and South Western Junction Railway
Swindon, Marlborough and Andover Railway
  Chiseldon

Present day[edit]

The M&SWJR offices remain on the site, but much of the rest has disappeared under a trading estate. Part of the track alignment, Old Town Railway Cutting, has been opened as a railway path and nature trail.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Butt, R. V. J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations: details every public and private passenger station, halt, platform and stopping place, past and present (1st ed.). Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 978-1-85260-508-7. OCLC 60251199. 
  2. ^ Clinker, C.R. (October 1978). Clinker's Register of Closed Passenger Stations and Goods Depots in England, Scotland and Wales 1830-1977. Bristol: Avon-AngliA Publications & Services. p. 132. ISBN 0-905466-19-5. 
  3. ^ http://www.swindonsotherrailway.co.uk/
  • Wiltshire Railway Stations, Mike Oakley, Dovecote Press, Wimborne, 2004, ISBN 1-904349-33-1

Coordinates: 51°32′58″N 1°46′29″W / 51.5495°N 1.7748°W / 51.5495; -1.7748