High Street, Swineshead
|OS grid reference|
|• London||100 mi (160 km) S|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
Swineshead is a village and civil parish in Lincolnshire, England, approximately 7 miles (11 km) west of the town of Boston. The population of the civil parish including Baythorpe was 2,810 at the 2011 census. The parish includes the areas of Swineshead Bridge and North End to the north, Fenhouses and Blackjack to the east, and Drayton to the south.
The lost village of Stenning, or Estovening, mentioned in the Domesday book of 1086 is represented by the site of the moated Estovening Hall, which was the manor house of the Holland family. Ralph, founder of the Estovening branch of the Holland family was buried in Swinehead Abbey in 1262.
A medieval motte castle is believed to have been constructed in the 12th century by the de Gresley family, lords of the manor of Swineshead at Manwar Ings. The remains of the castle are visible as substantial earthworks, which are a scheduled monument. The easiest access to the motte is by turning off the A52 at the Manor Farm Shop which is located in the Baythorpe region of the village.
Hitherto, the parish had formed part of Boston Rural District, in the Parts of Holland. Holland was one of the three divisions (formally known as parts) of the traditional county of Lincolnshire. Since the Local Government Act of 1888, Holland had been in most respects, a county in itself.
It is one of eighteen parishes which, together with Boston, form the Borough of Boston, which is in turn one of the seven districts of the non-metropolitan county of Lincolnshire. The local government has been arranged in this way since the reorganisation of 1 April 1974, which resulted from the Local Government Act 1972. This parish forms part of the Swineshead and Holland Fen electoral ward.
The village has various shops, a post office, a pharmacy and a medical centre. Public houses include the Wheatsheaf, which is a Grade II listed building dating from the 18th century, and the Green Dragon. The village primary school is St Mary's Church of England Primary School.
Swineshead railway station is on the Nottingham-Skegness Line.
Hardwick House is built on the site of a medieval moated house, possibly a grange, originally owned by Swineshead Abbey, and was listed in the crown bailiff's report when the abbey was dissolved in 1534.
The Wesleyan Methodists built a chapel in Swineshead in 1845, which was converted into a Sunday School after a new chapel was built in 1908. This was demolished in 1986 and the former chapel reverted to its original use, and is now a Grade II listed building.
St Mary's Church
The parish church is a Grade I listed building dedicated to Saint Mary, and dates from the 12th century with later additions and alterations. The chancel was rebuilt in 1848 by Stephen Lavin. The western tower and font are 14th-century. In the chancel is a black marble wall plaque to Sir John Lockton of Swineshead Abbey, who died in 1610.
Swineshead Abbey was founded in 1135 as a Savigniac monastery, but in 1147 was converted to Cistercian by Robert de Gresley. In 1536 it was dissolved and the building of a private house and a park in 1607 destroyed the last traces of it. The site is a scheduled monument.
|Population of Swineshead Civil Parish|
Swineshead is the birthplace of Herbert Ingram, founder of the Illustrated London News and MP for Boston, who was instrumental in bringing the railways and fresh piped water to the village. His son became a lord, and the family were given the Ingram Baronetcy of Swineshead Abbey. Further notable people associated with the village are the abbot, Gilbert of Hoyland, and the goalkeeper Chris Woods.
- "Civil parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 22 April 2016.
- "Steyning (or Stenning)". Domesday Map. Anna Powell-Smith/University of Hull. Retrieved 1 September 2011.
- Historic England. "Stenning (352468)". PastScape. Retrieved 1 September 2011.
- Historic England. "Manwar Ings (352577)". PastScape. Retrieved 1 September 2011.
- Historic England. "Manwar Ings (Grade Scheduled) (1018684)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 1 September 2011.
- Historic England. "Swineshead Railway Station (507091)". PastScape. Retrieved 1 September 2011.
- "Black Sluice IDB".
- "Swineshead Parish Council". Swineshead Parish Council. Archived from the original on 5 September 2011. Retrieved 1 September 2011.
- Historic England. "The Wheatsheaf (1276886)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 1 September 2011.
- "Swineshead St Marys Church of England Primary School". Swineshead St Marys Church of England Primary School. Archived from the original on 16 November 2011. Retrieved 1 September 2011.
- Historic England. "Hardwick Grange (352544)". PastScape. Retrieved 1 September 2011.
- Historic England. "North End Mill (498468)". PastScape. Retrieved 1 September 2011.
- Historic England. "The Mill (1232896)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 1 September 2011.
- Historic England. "Wesleyan Methodist Chapel (1380909)". PastScape. Retrieved 1 September 2011.
- Historic England. "Wesleyan Chapel (1232854)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 1 September 2011.
- Historic England. "St Marys Church (1232860)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 1 September 2011.
- Historic England. "Swineshead Abbey (352580)". PastScape. Retrieved 1 September 2011.
- Historic England. "Swineshead Abbey (Grade Scheduled) (1018687)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 1 September 2011.
- "Vision of Britain". Retrieved 1 September 2011.
- Media related to Swineshead, Lincolnshire at Wikimedia Commons
- Swineshead St Marys Church of England Primary School
- Swineshead Parish council web site
- Swineshead War Memorial
- St Mary's Church, Swineshead