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The swingout is the defining dance move of Lindy Hop.[1]


The swingout evolved from the breakaway, which in turn evolved from the Texas Tommy. The first documented mention of the swingout pattern that resembles breakaway was in 1911, to describe a "Texas Tommy Swing" show done at the Fairmont Hotel in San Francisco.[2] Its variants are used in Jive, East Coast Swing, West Coast Swing and Modern Jive.[3]


  1. ^ Ralph G. Giordano, Social Dancing in America: A History and Reference, volume 2, Lindy Hop to Hip-Hop, 1901-2000 (Westport, Conn.: Greenwood, 2006).
  2. ^ Claude Conyers, "Texas Tommy," in The Grove Dictionary of American Music, 2nd ed., edited by Charles Hiroshi Garrett (New York: Oxford University Press, 2013).
  3. ^ Scott Cupit, Swing Dance: Fashion, Music, Culture, and Key Moves (London: Jacqui Small, 2015).

See also[edit]