This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in German. (April 2011) Click [show] for important translation instructions.
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The deck is derived from the Tarot de Besançon which itself comes from the Tarot of Marseilles. It is an Italian suited pack which substitutes the figures of Juno and Jupiter in place of the Popess and Pope of the Tarot of Marseilles. The first decks were made around 1860 by Johannes Müller in Diessenhofen. The cards are not reversible and both the trumps and pip cards use Roman numeral indexing. The lack of modern features like reversibility, corner indices, and Arabic numerals has made this deck unpopular for tarot players outside of their native communities. For example, the French-speaking Swiss (Romands) prefer using the Tarot Nouveau to play French Tarot. It is still the official deck for Troccas tournaments.
Troccas players use the French language version but refer to their cards with their Romansh (Rhæto-Romanic) nicknames. Troggu players use the German version. The English version uses cartomantic terminology. The names of the trump cards are as follows:
Le Bateleur/The Magician
la gaglina, la biua
the chicken, the chicken (baby-talk)
il da Cuoz, il Diu fauls
the man from Cuoz (a suburb of Disentis), the false God
Les Amoureux/The Lovers
Le Chariot/The Chariot
il carr, la Catrina en crotscha
the carriage, Catherine's chariot
la giustia, la stadera
Justice, the scales
La Roue de Fortune/The Wheel of Fortune
la roda dalla fortuna, la ventira
the wheel of Fortune, fortune
Le Pendu/The Hanged Man
the hanged man
la tempronza, igl aunghel
Temperance, the angel
Le Diable/The Devil
il giavel, il da cornas, il naucli, il bab dallas femnas
the devil, the one with the horns, the Evil One, the Father of Women
La Maison de Dieu/The House of God (The Tower)
la casa da Diu, il tiaratriembel, il cametg, la Cadi, la claustra barschada
the house of God, the earthquake, lightning, the Church, the burning monastery
La Lune/The Moon
Le Soleil/The Sun
la dertgira, ils bluts, la giuventetgna
(divine) Judgement, the naked ones, youth
Le Monde/The World
il mund, la vaca, la biala, il min, il miau, la ferma
the world, the cow, beauty, the cat (baby-talk), the cat, beauty