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|545,274 (2011 census)|
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Swiss Italian (Italian: svizzero italiano) is the name used for the variety of Italian spoken in the Italian-speaking area of Switzerland. Swiss Italian is spoken as natively by about 350,000 people in the canton of Ticino and in the southern part of Graubünden (Canton Grigioni). Swiss-Italian also refers to the Italian speaking population in this region (southern Switzerland) close to the border with Italy. Swiss Italian dialects are spoken in emigrant communities around the world, including in Australia.
Despite being like standard Italian, Italian spoken in the Italian speaking region of Switzerland presents some regional differences from the Italian spoken in other regions of Italy due to the presence of French and German from which it forms calques. An example would be the words for driving licence: in Italian it is called "patente di guida" while in Swiss Italian it becomes "Licenza di condurre", from the French "Permis de conduire". Another example is the interurban bus: In Italian it would be "autobus" or "corriera" while in Switzerland it is the Autopostale or posta (because nearly all interurban lines are run by a subsidiary of the Swiss Post).
Swiss Italians of Australia, (also Swiss / Italian and Swiss-Italian) are the Italian speaking Swiss and Italians that settled in Australia during the 1850s and 1860s. The Swiss Italians initially settled in the area around Daylesford in Victoria. The Swiss settlers were from the canton of Ticino and in the southern part of Graubünden. The Italian settlers were predominantly from the northern Italian Regions of Lombardy, Veneto, Emilia Romagna, Liguria and Piemonte.
Some examples of Ticinese words that are different from Italian are:
|Swiss Italian||Italian||English Translation||Notes|
|chifer||cornetto||croissant||from the German Gipfel|
|azione||promozione (offerta)||offer||from German Aktion|
|riservare||prenotare||to reserve||from the French réserver|
|comandare||ordinare||to order (i.e. in a restaurant, bar, etc.)||from the French commander|
|medicamento||medicinale, farmaco||drug, medicinal product||from the French médicament|
|vignetta||bollino (o contrassegno)||tag (a label to exhibit, typically in a car)||from the French vignette|
As may be seen from this table, as well as the case with the driving licence described above, Swiss Italian has fewer false friends with English than standard Italian does, as calques from French in Swiss Italian match Latin-origin words in English more often than the original Italian words do.
- Swiss German
- Swiss French
- Languages of Switzerland
- Swiss Italians of Australia
- Italian immigration to Switzerland
Notes and references
- "Bevölkerung, Strukturerhebung der eidgenössischen Volkszählung 2011: Bevölkerung nach Sprache und Religion, Ständige Wohnbevölkerung ab 15 Jahren nach zuhause gesprochenen Sprachen, 2011" (XLS). http://www.bfs.admin.ch (Statistics) (in German, French, and or Italian). Neuchâtel: Swiss Federal Statistical Office, 2013. 30 May 2013. Retrieved 22 December 2013.