Swiss Civil Code
The Swiss civil code (German: Zivilgesetzbuch; French: Code civil; Italian: Codice civile; Romansh: Cudesch civil; Turkish: Medeni Kanun) is the codified law ruling in Switzerland and regulating relationship between individuals.
Adopted on 10 December 1907 (and is thus formally known as the "Swiss civil code of 10 December 1907"), and in force since 1912. It was created by Eugen Huber, it was subsequently translated in the two other national languages (at the time Romansh was not official) by Virgile Rossel and Brenno Bertoni for French and Italian, respectively.
It was largely influenced by the German civil code, and partly influenced by the French civil code, but the majority of comparative law scholars (such as K. Zweigert and Rodolfo Sacco) argue that the Swiss code derives from a distinct paradigm of civil law.
The civil code of the Republic of Turkey is a slightly modified version of the Swiss code, adopted in 1926 during Mustafa Kemal Atatürk's presidency as part of the government's progressive reforms and secularization.
- "Swiss Civil Code". Britannica Online Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2009-01-19.
- "Turkey and the adoption of the Swiss Civil Code". Federal Department of Justice and Police. Retrieved 2009-01-19.
- English semi-official translation:
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