2007 Swiss federal election
All 200 seats to the National Council of Switzerland
and 43 (of the 46) seats to the Swiss Council of States
Elections to the Swiss Federal Assembly, the federal parliament of Switzerland, were held on Sunday, 21 October 2007. In a few cantons, a second round of the elections to the Council of States was held on 11 November, 18 November, and 25 November 2007. For the 48th legislative term of the federal parliament (2007–2011), voters in 26 cantons elected all 200 members of the National Council as well as 43 out of 46 members of the Council of States. The other three members of the Council of States for that term of service were elected at an earlier date.
The results reflected yet another rise in support for the strongest party, the right-wing populist Swiss People's Party, at 29% of the popular vote, and the growth of the Green and Green Liberal parties at the expense of the Social Democrats.
The Swiss People's Party successfully came out of the election as the strongest party, rising another 2.3% to 29.0% of the popular vote. Among the left-wing parties, support of the Social Democrats eroded to the benefit of the Green and Green Liberal parties.
The right-wing parties won 64 seats made up of the SVP with 62 seats and a single seat of the Christian right Federal Democratic Union and the regional Ticino League respectively. The left-wing parties won 65 seats, with 43 of the Social Democrats, 20 of the Green party, and the Christian-left Christian Social Party and the far-left Labour Party with a single seat each. The centrist parties won 71 seats, with the CVP and the centre-right FDP each having won 31 seats, and the remaining 9 seats won by minor parties: Liberals, 4 seats; Green Liberals, 3 seats; Evangelical People's Party, 2 seats.
59 of 200 seats (29.5%) were won by women, as compared to 50 in 2003. Ricardo Lumengo (Social Democrats, born in Angola) is notable as the first black Swiss national councillor. 23 incumbents did not get re-elected and lost their mandate, among them Zürich right wing politician Ulrich Schlüer (SVP).The turnout of the election was 48,9% a rise of 3,7% from the previous elections in 2003.
|Swiss People's Party||SVP/UDC||National conservatism||672,562||28.9||+2.2||62||+7|
|Social Democratic Party||SPS/PSS||Social democracy||451,916||19.5||–3.8||43||–9|
|Free Democratic Party||FDP/PLR||Classical liberalism, Radicalism||364,736||15.8||–1.3||31||–5|
|Christian Democratic People's Party||CVP/PDC||Christian democracy||335,623||14.5||+0.1||31||+3|
|Green Party||GPS/PES||Green politics||222,206||9.6||+2.2||20||+7|
|Liberal Party||LPS/PLS||Classical liberalism||41,682||1.9||–0.3||4||±0|
|Green Liberal Party||GLP/PVL||Green liberalism||33,104||1.4||N/A||3||N/A|
|Evangelical People's Party||EVP/PEV||Christian democracy||56,748||2.4||+0.1||2||–1|
|Federal Democratic Union||EDU/UDF||Christian right||29,914||1.3||±0.0||1||–1|
|Party of Labour||PdA/PST-POP||Communism||17,218||0.7||±0.0||1||–1|
|Ticino League||LdT||National conservatism||13,031||0.6||+0.2||1||±0|
|Christian Social Party||CSP/PCS||Christian left||9,984||0.4||±0.0||1||±0|
|Total (turnout 48.9%)||2,317,911||—||—||200||—|
Council of States
Contrary to the developments in the National Council, the Council of States remains dominated by the traditional centrist parties FDP and CVP. Robert Cramer (Geneva) is the first member of the Green Party to be elected to the Council of States, joined in the second round by Luc Recordon of Vaud. Verena Diener (Zurich), formerly of the Green Party, wins a Council of States seat for the newly founded Green Liberal Party. Christine Egerszegi of Aargau (FDP) is the first woman councillor elected in that canton.
|Christian Democratic People's Party (CVP/PDC)||Christian democracy||15||15||±0|
|Free Democratic Party (FDP/PRD)||Classical liberalism||14||12||–2|
|Social Democratic Party (SPS/PSS)||Social democracy||9||9||±0|
|Swiss People's Party (SVP/UDC)||National conservatism||8||7||–1|
|Green Party (GPS/PES)||Green politics||0||2||+2|
|Green Liberal Party (GLP/VL)||Green liberalism||0||1||+1|
Notes and references
- The date of the election of the members of the Council of States is a matter of cantonal law. 24 cantons have chosen to let the elections coincide with the federally regulated National Council elections. Two cantons are electing their members of the Council of States at an earlier date: Zug reelected its incumbents Peter Bieri and Rolf Schweiger on 29 October 2006, while Appenzell Innerrhoden elected Ivo Bischofsberger as its one representative in that Council on 29 April 2007.
- main migration of voters was from SPS to GPS and GLP. Minor movements from CVP to GLP, and some migration from all of SPS, CVP and FDP to SVP 
- "Political Map of Switzerland" "Hermann, M. und Leuthold, H. (2003): Die politische Landkarte des Nationalrats 1999-2003. In: Tages-Anzeiger, 11. Oktober, 2003, Zürich."
- Swiss Federal Statistical Office (December 3, 2007). "Nationalratswahlen 2007. Der Wandel der Parteienlandschaft seit 1971".
- NSD: European Election Database - Switzerland publishes regional level election data; allows for comparisons of election results, 1991–2007