Swynnerton's robin

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Swynnerton's robin
Swynnerton's Robin, Per Holmen.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Muscicapidae
Genus: Swynnertonia
Roberts, 1922
Species: S. swynnertoni
Binomial name
Swynnertonia swynnertoni
(Shelley, 1906)

Swynnerton's robin (Swynnertonia swynnertoni) is a species of bird in the family Muscicapidae. It is monotypic within the genus Swynnertonia.[2] The common and Latin names commemorate the entomologist Charles Swynnerton.[3]

Range and habitat[edit]

It is found in Tanzania, Mozambique, and Zimbabwe. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and subtropical or tropical moist montane forests. It is threatened by habitat loss.

In Zimbabwe this species is found in relict montane forests in the Eastern Highlands. It is protected in the Bunga and Chirinda Forest Botanical Reserves (also possibly in the Chimanimani and Nyanga National Parks). Within the forests it occurs at high population densities and almost always nests in the small indigenous Dracaena plants.

Description[edit]

It is superficially similar to the larger White-starred robin, but has a white crescent on the upper breast, which is bordered below with a black line, and its grey tail lacks yellow windows.[4] Its sexually dimorphic plumage is unusual among African robins.[5] The female has duller plumage and an olive wash over the crown and face. Juveniles are spotted buffy yellow on the head and upper parts, while the chest crescent is pale greyish brown.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ BirdLife International (2013). "Swynnertonia swynnertoni". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ Thomas M. Brooks; John D. Pilgrim; Ana S. L. Rodrigues & Gustavo A. B. Da Fonseca (2005). "Conservation status and geographic distribution of avian evolutionary history". In Andy Purvis; John L. Gittleman & Thomas Brooks. Phylogeny and Conservation. Conservation Biology. 8. Cambridge University Press. pp. 267–294. ISBN 978-0-521-82502-3. 
  3. ^ Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael (2003). Whose Bird? Men and Women Commemorated in the Common Names of Birds. London: Christopher Helm. p. 332. 
  4. ^ a b Sinclair, I.; et al. (2010). Birds of Africa south of the Sahara. Cape Town: Struik Nature. pp. 206–207. ISBN 978-1-77007-623-5. 
  5. ^ Carnaby, Trevor (2008). Beat about the bush: Birds (1st ed.). Johannesburg: Jacana. p. 189. ISBN 9781770092419. 

External links[edit]