Syagrus coronata

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Licuri palm[1]
Syagrus coronata.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Arecales
Family: Arecaceae
Genus: Syagrus
Species: S. coronata
Binomial name
Syagrus coronata
(Mart.) Becc.
Synonyms[2]
  • Cocos coronata Mart.
  • Calappa coronata (Mart.) Kuntze
  • Cocos quinquefaria Barb.Rodr.
  • Glaziova treubiana Becc.
  • Syagrus quinquefaria (Barb.Rodr.) Becc.
  • Syagrus treubiana (Becc.) Becc.

The licuri palm, Syagrus coronata, is a species of palm tree that plays an important role in the diets of tropical rainforest animals. It is native to eastern Brazil, ranging from the southern part of the state of Pernambuco, into the state of Bahia, south to the Jequitinhonha River in the state of Minas Gerais.[2][3][4][5]

Description[edit]

Syagrus coronata reaches 3 to 12 m (9.8 to 39.4 ft) tall with a crown of semi-plumose leaves.[6][7] The blooms are bright yellow, and the plants bear fruit for most of the year.[5]

Ecological Importance[edit]

Licuri palm nuts

Licuri palm nuts are the main food source of Lear's macaw, making up around 95% of their diet.[8] These nuts can grow to be one inch (2.5 cm) in width.

Threats[edit]

The destruction of small seedlings by cattle poses a threat to the plants, primarily through the destruction of concentrated groves.[5] Those groves are vital to Lear's macaw.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Plants Profile for Syagrus coronata (Ouricury palm)". 
  2. ^ a b "World Checklist of Selected Plant Families: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew". 
  3. ^ "Syagrus coronata". 
  4. ^ "Syagrus coronata (Licury Palm)". 
  5. ^ a b c d "Parrots - Parrot Conservation - Breeding - The Parrot Society UK". 
  6. ^ "Syagrus coronata". Palm and Cycad Societies of Australia. Retrieved 31 August 2012. 
  7. ^ Andrew Henderson; Gloria Galeano; Rodrigo Bernal (7 July 1997). Field Guide to the Palms of the Americas. Princeton University Press. p. 145. ISBN 978-0-691-01600-9. Retrieved 31 August 2012. 
  8. ^ "Lears Macaw". 

External links[edit]