This is a good article. Click here for more information.

Sybil Plumlee

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Sybil Plumlee
Born Sybil Virginia Burgess
(1911-04-29)April 29, 1911
Seattle, Washington
Died January 6, 2012 (2012-01-07) (aged 100)
Lake Oswego, Oregon
Nationality American
Occupation Teacher, police officer
Known for Pioneering female officer and, before her death, the oldest surviving former member of the Portland Police Bureau
Spouse(s) Lloyd Barker
Virgil P. "Paul" Plumlee (1945–2010)
Children Louis Barker

Sybil Virginia Plumlee (née Burgess; April 29, 1911 – January 6, 2012) was an American teacher, caseworker, and police officer who served in Portland, Oregon's Women's Protective Division, a special unit of the Portland Police Bureau, from 1947 to 1967. She is recognized as a pioneer in the law enforcement field, which has historically been dominated by men.

Born in Seattle in 1911, Plumlee attended high school in Portland and then graduated from Oregon Normal School, now known as Western Oregon University. She became a school teacher in Clarno, Oregon, but later returned to Portland, where she married and had a son. Following a divorce in 1943, she worked as an educator with the Ellis Mining Company in Bourne, Oregon. In 1945, she married Virgil "Paul" Plumlee, who died in 2010.

Plumlee wrote an unpublished memoir of her experiences on the police force, called Badge 357. At age 96, she published Stories of Hester Ann Bolin Harvey and Her Family, a collection of family stories and history. Plumlee was the oldest living former member of the city's police force prior to her death in 2012.

Early life, education, and teaching career[edit]

Sybil Virginia Burgess was born on April 29, 1911, in Seattle, Washington. She was the daughter of Charles and Stella Burgess. The family moved to Portland, where she attended both Lincoln High School and Jefferson High School, graduating from Jefferson in 1930.[1] After graduating from Oregon Normal School (now known as Western Oregon University) in 1932,[2] she spent some time working as a teacher in a single-room school located in Clarno, Oregon. She returned to Portland, married Lloyd Barker (who was also an instructor), and had a son, Louis Barker. The couple divorced in 1943.

After the divorce, Sybil worked during World War II as a teacher for the Ellis Mining Company in Bourne, Oregon, and buying a $150 house in nearby Sumpter for herself and her son. Plumlee also occasionally worked as a soda fountain clerk at a drugstore in northeast Portland, and as a cab driver.[3][4] In 1945, she married Virgil P. "Paul" Plumlee.[1] She survived the 1948 flood that destroyed Vanport, Oregon.[3]

Police career[edit]

While Plumlee was working as a caseworker for the welfare department of Clackamas County, a woman police officer encouraged her to take a civil service test. She passed the test, and was selected from a pool of 300 applicants to fill the Portland Police Bureau's only open position.[1][3] According to Louis Barker, his mother became a police officer "for the money" rather than to "make the world safe". The family needed her income: Paul, a World War II veteran, suffered from posttraumatic stress disorder and had difficulty holding steady jobs, and Plumlee was also contributing to the support of her aging mother.[4] She served in the unit known as the known as the Women's Protective Division from 1947 to 1967.[1][4] Policewomen in that division did not work with male officers other than those assigned to the Juvenile Division,[5] and did not wear uniforms. Their work focused on crimes like child abuse, domestic violence, and rape.[4]

Plumlee often responded to cases involving child abuse or abandonment.[6][7][8] Records show that she also participated in undercover investigations, including an anti-homosexual campaign organized by Mayor of Portland Dorothy McCullough Lee. In 1949, the Women's Protective Division sent Plumlee and Edna Trout to Music Hall, which was known at the time for catering to gay men and lesbians, with the intention to "apprehend lesbians who might approach them and solicit attentions".[9] Plumlee also helped educate women on how to avoid victimization. In a 1955 article by The Oregonian called "Pickpockets Beware", she was photographed illustrating how a woman might be susceptible to pickpocketing by opening her billfold in public.[10] In 1957, the paper published a photograph of Plumlee and five other women at a shooting range, with the caption: "Feminine pistol team makes good showing in contest with all-male team from North precinct as interdivisional tournament gets under way".[11] In 1959, two brothers were charged with disorderly conduct and destroying city property after tearing the speaker system from a police car occupied by Plumlee and another female officer.[12] Plumlee also participated in civic events such as luncheons. At a 1964 Portland Yacht Club luncheon called "Women with the Badge", she told female attendees how they should protect themselves and their children.[13] In 1967, she presented slides depicting dangers to women on urban streets to the Women's Council of the Portland Board of Realtors at the Hoyt Hotel.[14]

Plumlee later said of the unit: "In some ways, the old Women's Protective Division was archaic, but on balance we did a lot of good."[15] She is recognized as a pioneer in the largely male-dominated[4] law enforcement field.[1][3][16] As of 2006, women doing police work in the United States were about 14 percent of the total number of police.[17]

Later life, writing, and other interests[edit]

Plumlee purchased her first computer when she was in her eighties, and continued driving until age 98.[4] Plumlee wrote an unpublished memoir of her experiences on the police force, which was called Badge 357.[1][3] At age 96, she published the book Stories of Hester Ann Bolin Harvey and Her Family. The collection of stories, including one of her grandmother's journey across the Oregon Trail in 1850, included photographs and more than a century of her family history.[16] Plumlee also enjoyed camping, fishing, genealogy, and traveling.[1][18]

Her husband Paul died in 2010.[1][19] In 2011, she celebrated her centennial birthday at her residence in Lake Oswego, Oregon. Guests included Multnomah County Sheriff Daniel Staton, her great-niece Lieutenant Mary Lindstrand, also from the Multnomah County Sheriff's Office, and Frank Springer, then age 99 and the oldest living male retiree of the Portland Police Bureau. Birthday wishes and certificates of appreciation were also presented to her from President Barack Obama and Mayor of Portland Sam Adams.[3][18]

Plumlee died in 2012, and was survived by her son, three grandchildren, and four great-grandchildren.[1] Before her death, Plumlee was the oldest surviving former member of the Portland Police Bureau.[1][4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Obituaries – Jan. 12, 2012: Sybil Plumlee". Lake Oswego Review. Lake Oswego, Oregon: Pamplin Media Group. January 11, 2012. Retrieved December 27, 2014. 
  2. ^ "AlumNotes: 1930s". WOU Magazine. Western Oregon University. Spring 2012. Retrieved April 30, 2015. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f Newell, Cliff (May 12, 2011). "Portland policewoman turns 100 in Lake Oswego". Portland Tribune. pp. 1–2. Retrieved April 20, 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Hallman, Jr., Tom (January 12, 2012). "'She was one of a kind,' family says of Sybil Plumlee, one of Portland's first female police officers". The Oregonian. Advance Publications. ISSN 8750-1317. Retrieved February 8, 2012. 
  5. ^ "Retirees Message". The Rap Sheet. Portland Police Association. Retrieved May 2, 2015. 
  6. ^ "Mother of Children Thought Deserted Expains She Was Off On Honeymoon". The Oregonian. February 13, 1951. p. 15. 
  7. ^ "Juvenile Court Gets Custody of Beaten, Burned Baby". The Oregonian. November 16, 1960. p. 1. 
  8. ^ "Three Small Children Abandoned by Parents". The Oregonian. November 21, 1960. p. 14. 
  9. ^ Boag, Peter (2004). "Does Portland Need a Homophile Society?: Gay Culture and Activism in the Rose City Between World War II and Stonewall" (PDF). Oregon Historical Quarterly. Oregon Historical Society. 105 (1): 15–16. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  10. ^ Turner, Wallace (January 2, 1955). "Pickpockets Beware". The Sunday Oregonian. p. 85. 
  11. ^ "Police Women No Stranger to Life on the Range". The Oregonian. February 15, 1957. p. 46. 
  12. ^ "Speaker Broken, Brothers Jailed". The Oregonian. August 18, 1959. p. 11. 
  13. ^ "Club to Hear Police Matron". The Oregonian. March 7, 1964. p. 16. 
  14. ^ "Slides Scheduled". The Sunday Oregonian. April 23, 1967. p. 102. 
  15. ^ Myers, Gloria E. (1995). A Municipal Mother: Portland's Lola Greene Baldwin, America's First Policewoman. Corvallis, Oregon: Oregon State University Press. p. 179. ISBN 0-87071-386-8. Retrieved February 7, 2012. 
  16. ^ a b Fost, Dan (August 6, 2007). "You're a Writer. Presto! A Book.". San Francisco Chronicle. Hearst Corporation. pp. 1–2. ISSN 1932-8672. Retrieved February 7, 2012. 
  17. ^ Horne, Peter (September 2006). "Policewomen: Their First Century and the New Era". Police Chief Magazine. 3 (9). Retrieved December 28, 2014. 
  18. ^ a b "Celebrating with Sybil Plumlee". The Green Hornet (Multnomah County Sheriff's Office). May 2011. Retrieved December 26, 2014. 
  19. ^ "Virgil P. 'Paul' Plumlee". Twin Falls Times-News. February 12, 2010. Retrieved May 2, 2015. 

External links[edit]