Sydenham rail disaster

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Sydenham rail disaster
Date 19 December 1953
Location Sydenham, New South Wales
Country Australia
Rail line Illawarra
Operator New South Wales Government Railways
Type of incident Collision
Cause Wrong-side failure
Statistics
Trains 2
Deaths 5
Injuries 748
Sydenham Rail Disaster 1953
Sydenham Rail Disaster 1953
Sydenham Rail Disaster 1953

The Sydenham rail disaster occurred on 19 December 1953 when a New South Wales Government Railways electric passenger train travelling to Bankstown ran into the rear of another electric train travelling to East Hills at Sydenham.

Five people were killed and 748 injured.[1][2] A wrong-side failure of the signalling system, as a result of human intervention, was believed to be the cause.[3]

The crash[edit]

Two suburban passenger trains, the first travelling to East Hills the following train travelling to Bankstown, collided at about 12:30pm.[3] The Bankstown train was travelling at 30 to 35 miles per hour (48 to 56 km/h) a few seconds before the crash.[4] Both trains were crowded, each with around 1200 passengers, many travelling home after work (it being a Saturday), and Christmas shoppers.[4] The East Hills train was being held at a home signal just on the Sydney side of Sydenham Junction station. The two leading cars of the Bankstown train telescoped into the two trailing cars of the East Hills train.[5]

Synopsis[edit]

Signals behind the East Hills train should have been showing stop to protect the train, it was established that the signals were in fact showing proceed giving the following train the belief that the line ahead was clear. In the accident, a signal electrician was attending a failure of a track circuit. To help keep the trains moving, he manipulated the track circuit relay with a screwdriver.[3][6] Distracted by a telephone call, he forgot to remove the screwdriver to drop the track circuit relay when the section became occupied by a train, allowing a second train to see green signals and collide with the first.[7]

The driver of the second train (the Bankstown train) was charged with manslaughter, accused of being under the influence of alcohol.[3] He was later acquitted of the charge by a jury.[8] A Signals Electrician was also charged with manslaughter for his part in the incident.[9]

Aftermath[edit]

Since that time, training and procedures for signal electricians have been strengthened and it is clearly stated in railway rules that in the event of a track circuit failure, no attempt shall be made to clear any of the signals controlled by the track circuit by manipulation of the track circuit relay...[10]

Two carriages of the East Hills train (the second and sixth) were older wooden bodied carriages and it was claimed this may have contributed to the deaths and injuries, although the Bankstown train, a fully steel carriage train, suffered more damage.[11]

Earlier Sydenham accident[edit]

The withdrawal of the F-class steam locomotives from passenger service was the result of the Sydenham derailment of 15 February 1901. The train involved was the 5.55 pm from Sydney, bound for Hurstville. Shortly after passing Sydenham Junction, the engine suddenly left the rails, shot off the track to the left in the vicinity of the level crossing at Bridge Street, collided with and smashed the crossing gate and signal post and travelled some distance down Bridge Street before coming to a stand.[12] Seven persons were killed, including the Fireman, and 25 were injured.[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Office for Emergency Services". New South Wales Government (Australia). 
  2. ^ "Chronology of Australian train crashes". The Daily Telegraph. Australia. 6 June 2007. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Driver of Train on Slaying Charge". Sydney Morning Herald Newspaper. 9 November 1954. 
  4. ^ a b "Signals Against Train in Tragic Sydney Crash". Courier Mail Newspaper. 21 December 1953. 
  5. ^ "Railwaymen Suspended: Reason not Disclosed". Courier Mail Newspaper. 22 December 1953. 
  6. ^ "Screwdriver In Signal Mechanism". Morning Bulletin (29,509). Queensland, Australia. 4 March 1954. p. 4 – via National Library of Australia. 
  7. ^ "Screwdriver in Signal". The Sydney Morning Herald (36,250). New South Wales, Australia. 26 February 1954. p. 5 – via National Library of Australia. 
    "1953, December 19, Sydenham rail emergency". Emergency New South Wales. Archived from the original on 21 November 2007. 
  8. ^ "Train Driver Acquitted". Cairns Post Newspaper. 12 November 1954. 
  9. ^ "Railway Men For Trial". Cairns Post (16,219). Queensland, Australia. 5 March 1954. p. 1 – via National Library of Australia. 
  10. ^ "SMP04 - Clause 1.6.9". NSW Signalling Maintenance Procedures. 
  11. ^ "Railwaymen Suspended". Sydney Morning Herald. 22 December 1953. 
  12. ^ Australian Railway Historical Society Bulletin. March 1952.  Missing or empty |title= (help)[full citation needed]
  13. ^ "Terrible Railway Disaster". The Sydney Morning Herald (19,636). New South Wales, Australia. 16 February 1901. p. 9 – via National Library of Australia. 

Coordinates: 33°54′48″S 151°10′06″E / 33.91333°S 151.16833°E / -33.91333; 151.16833