Sydney MacGillvary Brown
|Sydney MacGillvary Brown|
Sydney M. Brown in 1918
10 August 1895|
Marblehead, Massachusetts, United States
|Died||7 April 1952
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
|Service/branch||Royal Air Force
United States Navy
|Years of service||1917–1918
|Unit||No. 29 Squadron RAF|
|Battles/wars||World War I
World War II
|Awards||Distinguished Flying Cross
Croix de Guerre (France)
|Other work||Author and professor of medieval history|
Brown was born in Marblehead, Massachusetts, and attended Bowdoin College in Brunswick, Maine, where he was member of the Phi Beta Kappa Society. He graduated in 1916, delivering an address at the commencement ceremony.
World War I
Brown joined the Royal Flying Corps in July 1917, and was appointed a temporary second lieutenant (on probation) on 12 January 1918. On 4 July 1918, he was assigned to No. 29 Squadron, flying the SE.5a. He destroyed a Fokker D.VII on 12 August 1918, a DFW reconnaissance plane on the 19th, another Fokker D.VII on 28 September, an observation balloon on 27 October 1918, and a third D.VII on the 28th. In February 1919 he was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross. His citation read:
Second Lieutenant Sydney MacGillvary Brown.
- On 28 October, when on offensive patrol, this officer, in company with three other machines, attacked nine Fokkers; three of the latter were destroyed, 2nd Lieut. Brown accounting for one. In addition, he has three hostile aircraft and one balloon to his credit. He is a fearless and intrepid officer.
Brown returned to his academic career after the war, attending Oxford University. In 1922 he was appointed Assistant Professor of History and Political Science at Lehigh University, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, where he taught for the next twenty years. Brown was awarded a Master of Arts degree by Oxford in 1927, and received his Ph.D in 1937.
- Brown, Sydney M. (1927). Mazzini and Dante. New York: The Academy of Political Science.
- Brown, Sydney M.; Coulton, G. G. (1928). "Five Centuries of Religion". American Historical Review. 33 (3).
- Brown, Sydney M.; Coulton, G. G.; Wilson, J. Dover; Hartridge, R. A. R. (1931). "A History of Vicarages in the Middle Ages". American Historical Review. 36 (4).
- Brown, Sydney M. (1932). Medieval Europe. New York: Harcourt, Brace.
- Odo Rigaldus, Archbishop of Rouen (1964). O'Sullivan, Jeremiah Francis, ed. The register of Eudes of Rouen. Brown, Sydney M. (trans.). New York & London: Columbia University Press.
- "Sydney Brown". The Aerodrome. 2014. Retrieved 23 September 2014.
- "Duquesne U. Professor Dies; Noted Historian". The Aerodrome. 10 April 1952. Retrieved 23 September 2014.
- "Bowdoin Commencement Speakers". George J. Mitchell Department of Special Collections & Archives. 2014. Retrieved 23 September 2014.
- Shores et.al. (1997), p.90.
- The London Gazette: . 7 February 1919.
- "History of Lehigh University 1864-1993" (PDF). Lehigh University. 2014. Retrieved 23 September 2014.
- The Duquesne University Bulletin. XL. January 1952. p. 8. Retrieved 23 September 2014.
- Shores, Christopher F.; Franks, Norman; Guest, Russell (1990). Above the Trenches: A Complete Record of the Fighter Aces and Units of the British Empire Air Forces 1915–1920. London, UK: Grub Street. ISBN 0-948817-19-4.