Sydney Law School
|Sydney Law School|
Shield of Sydney Law School
|Parent endowment||A$1.8 billion
|Location||Sydney, New South Wales, Australia|
|Faculty||78 (permanent) |
Sydney Law School (informally Sydney Law or SLS) is the faculty of law at the University of Sydney, Australia's oldest university. Sydney Law School began a full program of legal instruction in 1890 following the appointment of its first Dean, having offered legal examinations since 1855.
Sydney Law School has produced many luminaries in law and politics, including current Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull and five other Prime Ministers, four Federal Opposition Leaders, two Governors-General, nine Federal Attorneys-General and 24 Justices of the High Court, more than any other law school in Australia. The school has also produced 24 Rhodes Scholars and several Gates Scholars. Sydney Law School has won the prestigious Philip C. Jessup International Law Moot Court Competition on four occasions: in 1996, 2007, 2011 and 2015.
In 2016, the QS World University Rankings ranked Sydney Law School 2nd in Australia and 11th in the world. The Social Science Research Network ranks Sydney Law School as 1st in Australia and 5th in the world in its Top 500 International Law Schools List for legal research uploaded to its website, based on views and downloads.
Sydney Law School has approximately 1,700 undergraduate students; 1,500 postgraduate coursework students; and 100 postgraduate research students. There are now 24 chairs, including the Challis Chairs of Law, Jurisprudence and International Law. In 2010, the School replaced its graduate-entry LL.B. degree with the Juris Doctor degree. The LL.B. degree remains as part of an undergraduate double degree program. Sydney Law School offers a dual degree arrangement with the University of Cambridge and the University of Oxford.
- 1 History
- 2 Campus
- 3 Academics
- 4 Student organisations
- 5 Notable alumni
- 5.1 International Court of Justice
- 5.2 High Court of Australia
- 5.3 Supreme Court of New South Wales
- 5.4 Federal Court of Australia
- 5.5 Supreme Court of Western Australia
- 5.6 Solicitor General of Australia
- 5.7 Other legal professions
- 5.8 Politics
- 5.9 Business
- 5.10 Academia
- 5.11 Arts, media, and entertainment
- 5.12 Sport
- 6 Notable faculty
- 7 Gallery
- 8 See also
- 9 Notes
- 10 References
- 11 Further reading
- 12 External links
|Sydney Law School|
The law school was inaugurated in 1855 and established by the Act to Incorporate and Endow the University of Sydney 1850 (NSW) and an 1855 University Senate by-law, becoming the third faculty (after the Faculty of Arts and Sydney Medical School) of the University of Sydney.
The Faculty of Law commenced its work in 1859, primarily as a body of assessment and examination rather than teaching. In 1890, the first chair was appointed to the faculty and a full legal academic programme commenced at the Faculty.
Prior to 2011, Sydney Law School was the sole School under the Faculty of Law, under the College of Arts and Humanities, one of the three constituent Colleges of the University. As part of a re-organisation of faculty organisation, in 2011 the Faculty of Law was renamed Sydney Law School, adopting the better-known name of its sole School.
St. James Campus
The Law School building on Phillip Street in the centre of Sydney's legal and business district was the home of the Sydney Law School until early 2009. While the faculty is now located in the New Law School building on the main Camperdown campus of the university, some classes and other functions continued to be hosted on the St. James campus until 2015, and students could still submit assignments there. As of 1 July 2015, the building is no longer owned by the University and the Law School's CBD operations have been relocated to 133 Castlereagh Street, Sydney.
The campus is bounded by Elizabeth, King, and Phillip Streets and is opposite the Supreme Court of New South Wales. The building consists of 13 dedicated levels, three of which are underground. Level four is the ground entrance level and houses the assembly hall, a foyer, and some offices; levels one and two house "Harvard-style" lecture theatres; level three houses a staff car park and other amenities; level five housed University of Sydney Union premises, including the office of the Sydney University Law Society (SULS), until their relocation to the New Law School Building on the Main Campus at Camperdown and Darlington. The Sydney University Law Library and the Faculty of Law's information desk were located on levels seven to ten and twelve, respectively. These facilities have since relocated to level zero to one and level three of the New Law Building, respectively.
The building was constructed in 1969 in the brutalist architectural style. Busts of classical orators and jurists adorn the Phillip Street entrance, while the University of Sydney crest is found on the Elizabeth Street and Phillip Street entrance. The St. James campus is located near St. James railway station and Martin Place railway station and is serviced by a bus stop outside its entrance on Elizabeth Street.
New Law School building
The Sydney Law School has changed location several times in the past but has always remained in the centre of the city because of the tradition of teaching by practitioners, and for easy access to the courts and members of the profession. However, with the increased number of enrolled students, the campus in the city was no longer sufficient for both staff and students and hence, the faculty proposed to shift the law school to the main campus in Camperdown. Consequently, a new law school was constructed at the main Camperdown campus, adjacent to Fisher Library and on the site of the former Edgeworth David Building. Completed in February 2009, the faculty administration began occupation in mid-February, prior to classes beginning in early March.
On 30 April 2009, the New Law School Building was officially opened by Governor-General of Australia Quentin Bryce. Also in attendance were Robert French, Chief Justice of the High Court of Australia; Murray Gleeson, immediate past Chief Justice of the High Court; Jim Spigelman, Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of New South Wales; and Malcolm Turnbull, leader of the Federal opposition. Numerous seminars and other sessions were held as part of the building's opening day program.
The design and construction of the New Law School Building were each performed by local Australian firms, namely FJMT (Francis-Jones Morehen Thorp) Architects and Baulderstone Pty Ltd, respectively. The building is in the style of late-20th-century International Style architecture and is characterised by its blue tint glass exterior walls.
The Sydney Law School offers the LL.B. (combined degree undergraduate-entry) and the J.D. (graduate-entry) as professional degrees in addition to higher-research degrees, namely the M.Crim. by Research, LL.M. by Research, Ph.D., and S.J.D. In addition to this, the law school offers postgraduate coursework degrees/diplomas and non-degree/-diploma study in specialist areas of law and government, for both law and non-law graduates.
Sydney Law School also offers a dual degree arrangement with the University of Cambridge and the University of Oxford. The Pathways Program enables high-achieving students to commence a BCL at Oxford or LLM at Cambridge in lieu of their final semester.
The following publications are produced by the Sydney Law School Law Publishing Unit:
- Sydney Law Review
- Current Issues in Criminal Justice
- Asia Pacific Journal of Environmental Law
- Australian International Law Journal
- Ross Parsons Centre of Commercial, Corporate and Taxation Law
Two student organisations operate in association with the Sydney Law School. The Sydney University Law Society (SULS), formed in 1902, represents all law students at the University. The Chinese Law Students Society (CLSS), formed in 2004, provides services with a more international outlook.
A number of other student societies at the University of Sydney also cater to law students. These include the Korean Law Students Society at the University of Sydney (KLUS), which caters to Korean ethnic students, formed in 1997, the St. Thomas More Society, which caters to Catholic students, and the Sydney University Evangelical Union (SUEU) Law Faculty, which caters to Evangelical/Protestant students.
In its over 150-year history, the Sydney Law School has produced a prominent group of alumni. The following is a list of some of these prominent alumni.
International Court of Justice
- Sir Percy Spender: International Court of Justice judge 1958-1964, President 1964-1967
- Sir Garfield Barwick ad hoc judge 1973-1974
High Court of Australia
- Chief Justices of the High Court of Australia (in chronological order):
- Puisne Justices of the High Court (in chronological order):
- Sir Edmund Barton
- Richard O'Connor
- Albert Piddington
- Sir George Rich
- Dr. H. V. Evatt
- Sir Edward McTiernan
- Sir Dudley Williams
- Sir Frank Kitto
- Sir Alan Taylor
- Sir Victor Windeyer
- Sir Cyril Walsh
- Sir Kenneth Jacobs
- Lionel Murphy
- Sir William Deane
- Mary Gaudron
- Michael Kirby
- William Gummow
- Dyson Heydon
- Susan Crennan
- Virginia Bell
Supreme Court of New South Wales
Chief Justices of the NSW Supreme Court
- Tom Bathurst (2011–)
- James Spigelman (2001–2009)
- Murray Gleeson (1988–1998)
- Sir Laurence Whistler Street (1974–1988)
- Sir John Kerr (1972–1974)
- Sir Leslie James Herron (1962–1972)
- Dr. H. V. Evatt (1960–1962)
- Sir Kenneth Whistler Street (1950–1960)
- Sir Frederick Richard Jordan (1934–1949)
- Sir Philip Whistler Street (1925–1933)
- Sir William Portus Cullen (1910–1925)
Presidents of the NSW Court of Appeal
- Margaret Beazley (2013–)
- James Allsop (2008–2013)
- Sir Kenneth Jacobs (1972–1974)
- Sir Gordon Wallace, first President of the Court of Appeal (1966–1970)
NSW Court of Appeal
- Carolyn Simpson (2015–)
- Mark Leeming (2013–)
- Arthur Emmett (2013–)
- Clifton Hoeben (2012–)
- Peter Young AO (2009–2012)
- Julie Ward (2008–)
- Robert Macfarlan (2008–)
- Peter McClellan, Judge of Appeal (2005–); Chief Judge in Equity (1986–2001)
- Ruth McColl AO (2003–)
- Kim Santow (2002–2007)
In 1999 legal history was made when Justices Virginia Bell, Margaret Beazley and Carolyn Simpson sat together, forming the first all-female bench in an Australian court. According to the Women Lawyers Association of NSW, there had never been an all-female bench in England or New Zealand.
Puisne Justices of the NSW Supreme Court
- Peter Garling (2010–)
- Paul Le Gay Brereton AM RFD (2005–)
- Derek Price (2006–)
- Clifton Hoeben (2004–2012)
- Carolyn Simpson (1994–2015)
- Kim Santow (1993–2002)
- Peter Young AO (1985–2001)
Federal Court of Australia
- James Allsop, Chief Justice of the Federal Court of Australia (4 March 2013–Present)
- Peter Jacobson (17 June 2002)
- Nye Perram (8 August 2008)
- Jayne Jagot (3 September 2008)
- Lindsay Foster (4 September 2008)
- David Yates (30 November 2009)
- Michael Wigney (9 September 2013)
- Jacqueline Gleeson (15 April 2014)
- Arthur Emmett (1997–2013)
Supreme Court of Western Australia
- Graeme Murphy (3 August 2010)
Solicitor General of Australia
- Sir Robert Garran (1916-1932)
- Sir Anthony Mason (1964-1969)
- Bob Ellicott (1969-1973)
- Sir Maurice Byers (1973-1983)
- David Bennett (barrister) (1998-2008)
- Justin Gleeson (2013–Present)
Other legal professions
- Antonia Apps, Assistant United States Attorney in the Southern District of New York
- Reg Blanch, Chief Judge of NSW District Court
- Robert Bromwich SC, current Commonwealth Director of Public Prosecutions
- Marie Beuzeville Byles, the first woman to practise as a lawyer in NSW
- Nicholas Cowdery QC, former NSW Director of Public Prosecutions (1994-2011)
- Ada Emily Evans, the first woman in Australia to graduate with an LL.B. (but not permitted to practise)
- Elizabeth Evatt, former Chief Justice of the Family Court of Australia and first Australian to be appointed to the United Nations Human Rights Committee
- Kate O'Regan, Justice of the Constitutional Court of South Africa from 1994 to 2009
- David Re, Trial Chamber President for the Special Tribunal for Lebanon
- Geoffrey Robertson QC, former President of the Special Court for Sierra Leone, human rights lawyer, author and joint head of Doughty Street Chambers
- Kim Santow, Justice of Appeal in the New South Wales Supreme Court and former Chancellor of the University of Sydney (2001–2007)
- Mark Tedeschi QC, Senior Crown Prosecutor for New South Wales
- Lucy Turnbull, lawyer and former Lord Mayor of Sydney
- Bret Walker SC, leading silk and former President of the Law Council of Australia
- Malcolm Turnbull, businessman, politician and Prime Minister
- James Wolfensohn, former President of the World Bank Group
- Rene Rivkin, entrepreneur
- Allan Moss, banker
- Robert Rankin, Head of Corporate Finance and Co-head of Corporate Banking and Securities, Deutsche Bank
- Larry Kwok, Managing Partner of Asia Strategy and Markets, King & Wood Mallesons
- Jayne Huckerby, Director, International Human Rights Clinic, Duke Law School
- John Coates (sports administrator), Vice-President, International Olympic Committee
- Stephen Healy, President, Tennis Australia
- David Gallop, Chief Executive, Football Federation Australia
- Peter Cane
- William Gummow
- Dyson Heydon
- Sarah Joseph
- Grant Lamond
- Andrew Leigh
- Ben Saul
- Elisabeth Peden
- John Carter
- Sheelagh McCracken
- Vincent John Flynn (1927)
- David Hargraves Hodgson (1962)
- Geoffrey Robertson (1970)
- Malcolm Turnbull (1978)
- Tony Abbott (1981)
- Peter Cane (1976), Magdalen College, Oxford
- Andrew Bell (1993), Magdalen College, Oxford
- Naomi Oreb (2012), Magdalen College, Oxford
Arts, media, and entertainment
- Janet Albrechtsen, columnist
- Julia Leigh, writer and film director
- Chas Licciardello, comedian
- David Marr, writer
- Julian Morrow, comedian
- Andrew O'Keefe, entertainer
- Lisa Pryor, columnist
- Craig Reucassel, comedian
- Peter Weir, film director
- 1890–1910: Pitt Cobbett
- 1910–1942: John Peden
- 1942–1946: James Williams
- 1946–1947: Clive Teece (acting)
- 1947–1973: Keith Shatwell
- 1974–1977: David Benjafield
- 1978–1979: Dyson Heydon
- 1980–1985: John Mackinolty
- 1986–1989: Colin Phegan
- 1990–1992: James Crawford
- 1992–1993: Alex Ziegert (acting)
- 1993–1994: Colin Phegan (acting)
- 1994–1997: David Weisbrot
- 1998–1999: Ros Atherton (acting)
- 1999–2002: Jeremy Webber
- 2002–2007: Ron McCallum
- 2007–2012: Gillian Triggs
- 2012–2013: Greg Tolhurst (acting)
- 2013–Present: Joellen Riley
- Richard Vann, Challis Professor of Taxation Law
- James Crawford, former Challis Professor of International Law and Dean and current Justice of the International Court of Justice (2014-)
- Ron McCallum, former Blake Dawson Waldron Professor in Industrial Law and Dean
- Ross Parsons, former Professor of Law
- Ivan Shearer, former Challis Professor of International Law
- Julius Stone, former Challis Professor of Jurisprudence and International Law
- George Winterton, former Professor of Constitutional Law
- Joellen Riley, Professor of Labour Law
- Ben Saul, Professor of International Law
- Gillian Triggs former Challis Professor of International Law
- Donald R Rothwell, former Challis Professor of International Law
- "Sydney Law School website - History".
- "Sydney Law School website - Academic Staff".
- The University of Sydney. History - Sydney Law School. Retrieved 14 May 2013
- "International Law Students Association: The Future of International Law: Jessup Archives". International Law Students Association.
- "QS World University Rankings by Subject 2016: Law". Top Universities. QS.
- "SSRN Top 500 International Law Schools". Social Science Research Network, Top 500 International Law Schools List. 2015. Retrieved 13 March 2015.
- "QS World University Rankings 2015/16". Quacquarelli Symonds Limited.
- "QS World University Rankings 2015". Quacquarelli Symonds Limited.
- Implementation Report - University of Sydney
- "CBD Campus". Sydney Law School. University of Sydney. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "The Law School Shift" (PDF). Sydney Law School. 2015. Retrieved 1 April 2015.
- "Sydney Law School Open Day - 30 April 2009 - Sydney Law School - The University of Sydney". Sydney Law School. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
- "Sydney Law School Building Opening - 10am-3pm, Thursday 30 April - Sydney Law School - The University of Sydney". Sydney Law School. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
- "Faculty of Law, The University of Sydney". Retrieved 31 May 2013.
- "Sydney Architecture Images- New Law School, Sydney University". Sydney Architecture. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
- "Research Programs @ Sydney Law School - Future students - The University of Sydney". Sydney Law School. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
- "Postgraduate Law @ Sydney - Future students - The University of Sydney". Sydney Law School. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
- Sydney Law School - Student Societies
- 17 of the 24 justices studied for law degrees at the University of Sydney; the remainder studied at the University at a time before the Sydney Law School offered a full programme of legal study.
- "Sydney Law School: Rhodes Scholars 1904-2013". Sydney Law School.
- Mackinolty, John; Judy (1991). A Century Down Town: Sydney University Law School's First Hundred Years. Sydney: Sydney University Law School.