Sydney Mines

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Sydney Mines

Gaelic: Mèinnean Shidni
Community
Naval Battle off Sydney Mines
Sydney Mines is located in Nova Scotia
Sydney Mines
Sydney Mines
Location of Sydney Mines, Nova Scotia
Coordinates: 46°14′15″N 60°13′10″W / 46.23750°N 60.21944°W / 46.23750; -60.21944Coordinates: 46°14′15″N 60°13′10″W / 46.23750°N 60.21944°W / 46.23750; -60.21944
CountryCanada
Provinces of CanadaNova Scotia
Regional MunicipalityCape Breton Regional Municipality
Incorporated Town1889
DissolvedAugust 1, 1995
Population
 (2011)
From Statistics Canada
 • Total14,135
Time zoneUTC-4 (AST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-3 (ADT)
Canadian Postal code
B1V
Area code(s)902

Sydney Mines (Scottish Gaelic: Mèinnean Shidni) is a community and former town in Canada's Nova Scotia's Cape Breton Regional Municipality.

Founded in 1784 and incorporated as a town in 1889, Sydney Mines has a rich history in coal production, although mining activity has now ceased. Prior to a permanent settlement being established, there was significant activity along the shore. Sydney Mines was also home to a large steel company that was named SCOTIA it was the modern to its day between the Sydney Steel Plant (DISCO) and the Sydney Mines Steel Plant (SCOTIA) they produced 50% of Canada's steel during World War I.

History[edit]

Historical populations
YearPop.±%
18711,494—    
18812,340+56.6%
18912,442+4.4%
19013,191+30.7%
19117,470+134.1%
19218,327+11.5%
19317,769−6.7%
19418,157+5.0%
19518,410+3.1%
19568,731+3.8%
19619,122+4.5%
19718,991−1.4%
19818,501−5.4%
19868,063−5.2%
19917,551−6.3%
200116,068+112.8%
200615,500−3.5%
201114,135−8.8%
Source: [1][2][3]

During the American Revolution, on November 1, 1776, John Paul Jones - the father of the American Navy - set sail in command of Alfred to free hundreds of American prisoners working in the area's coal mines. Although winter conditions prevented the freeing of the prisoners, the mission did result in the capture of Mellish, a vessel carrying a vital supply of winter clothing intended for John Burgoyne's troops in Canada.

Major Timothy Hierlihy and his regiment on board HMS Hope worked in and protected from privateer attacks on the coal mines at Sydney Cape Breton.[4] Sydney Cape Breton provided a vital supply of coal for Halifax throughout the war. The British began developing the mining site at Sydney Mines in 1777. On 14 May 1778, Major Hierlihy arrived at Cape Breton. While there, Hierlihy reported that he “beat off many piratical attacks, killed some and took other prisoners.”[5][6]

A few years into the war there was also a naval engagement between French ships and a British convoy off Sydney, Nova Scotia, near Spanish River (1781), Cape Breton.[7] French ships (fighting with the Americans) were re-coaling and defeated a British convoy. Six French sailors were killed and 17 British, with many more wounded.

Sydney Mines lies immediately northeast of North Sydney and faces Sydney across Sydney Harbour. Sydney Mines was once a major coal-producing community. Mining began locally in 1766, and in 1830 systematic operations were undertaken. One of the area mines extended about 5 miles (8 km) out under the sea. The last mine was closed in 1975.

Sydney Mines is on the northern side of Sydney Harbor, near the mouth. It was earlier known as the Mines due to the coal mines abundant nearby. Although mining has been carried on since 1724, the first shaft for the General Mining Association in Sydney Mines was sunk in 1830. Manufacturing enterprises included corrugated steel culverts and the British Canadian Co-operative Society Limited, operating a dairy and a bakery.

Sydney Mines was the filming location for the 1981 horror movie My Bloody Valentine.

Climate[edit]

Sydney Mines experiences cool summers. The summer can be very cool at times due to the fact Sydney Mines borders the cool North Atlantic Ocean. Day time highs rarely exceed 20 degrees Celsius. During Summer nights temperatures can become very cold with the average lows being around 10 degrees Celsius, although cold winds can make it seem much colder.

Sydney Mines experiences cold, windy, wet, snowy and very stormy winters. Although low in latitude compared to the rest of Canada and bordering the ocean. Sydney Mines borders the very cold Labrador ocean current. This causes for a cold and very snowy winter. Day time highs during the winter usually stick around minus 2 degrees Celsius but due to the fact Sydney Mines lies around the polar jet stream they can experience arctic outbreaks and very warm thaws at times. Sydney Mines much like the rest of Atlantic Canada is one of the warmest areas in Canada during the winter, but they do receive the most snow storms compared to the rest of Canada. Cold arctic temperatures meeting up with the warm gulf stream forms one of the most powerful storms in the world. Many people who live in Eastern Canada know the term Nor'easter. Nor'easter's can dump huge amounts of snow to Sydney Mines and the rest of Atlantic Canada.

Climate data for Sydney Mines, Nova Scotia, Canada
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high humidex 18.2 19.0 24 26.0 36.8 43.4 41.8 41.9 38.9 30.4 25.5 18.5 43.4
Record high °C (°F) 16.9
(62.4)
18.0
(64.4)
24
(75)
27.2
(81.0)
31.1
(88.0)
34.4
(93.9)
33.9
(93.0)
35.5
(95.9)
32.3
(90.1)
25.0
(77.0)
22.2
(72.0)
16.7
(62.1)
35.5
(95.9)
Average high °C (°F) −1.1
(30.0)
−1.5
(29.3)
1.5
(34.7)
6.6
(43.9)
13.1
(55.6)
18.6
(65.5)
23.1
(73.6)
22.9
(73.2)
18.8
(65.8)
12.6
(54.7)
7.3
(45.1)
2.1
(35.8)
10.3
(50.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) −5.4
(22.3)
−5.9
(21.4)
−2.6
(27.3)
2.5
(36.5)
7.9
(46.2)
13.2
(55.8)
17.9
(64.2)
18.0
(64.4)
14.0
(57.2)
8.5
(47.3)
3.8
(38.8)
−1.5
(29.3)
5.9
(42.6)
Average low °C (°F) −9.6
(14.7)
−10.3
(13.5)
−6.7
(19.9)
−1.6
(29.1)
2.7
(36.9)
7.7
(45.9)
12.6
(54.7)
13.1
(55.6)
9.1
(48.4)
4.3
(39.7)
0.2
(32.4)
−5
(23)
1.4
(34.5)
Record low °C (°F) −26.2
(−15.2)
−27.3
(−17.1)
−25.6
(−14.1)
−14.6
(5.7)
−7.8
(18.0)
−3.9
(25.0)
2.2
(36.0)
2.8
(37.0)
−1.7
(28.9)
−5.6
(21.9)
−12
(10)
−22.2
(−8.0)
−27.3
(−17.1)
Record low wind chill −42.6 −41.1 −34.3 −21.4 −11.3 −6.1 0.0 0.0 −5.1 −10.5 −19.3 −31.3 −42.6
Average precipitation mm (inches) 152.5
(6.00)
128.1
(5.04)
130.0
(5.12)
133.3
(5.25)
103.2
(4.06)
96.9
(3.81)
88.5
(3.48)
100.2
(3.94)
118.7
(4.67)
142.9
(5.63)
156.0
(6.14)
167.0
(6.57)
1,517.2
(59.73)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 80.5
(3.17)
63.8
(2.51)
83.2
(3.28)
112.2
(4.42)
100.9
(3.97)
96.9
(3.81)
88.5
(3.48)
100.2
(3.94)
118.7
(4.67)
142.2
(5.60)
144.0
(5.67)
111.2
(4.38)
1,242.4
(48.91)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 74.3
(29.3)
65.3
(25.7)
48.1
(18.9)
21.4
(8.4)
2.3
(0.9)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.62
(0.24)
12.4
(4.9)
58.5
(23.0)
283.0
(111.4)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm) 20.6 16.5 16.6 15.8 14.5 14.0 11.7 12.7 13.5 15.9 18.1 21.0 191.0
Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm) 8.4 7.3 9.5 13.0 14.1 14.0 11.7 12.7 13.5 15.8 15.4 11.5 146.9
Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm) 16.6 12.6 11.0 5.6 0.83 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.62 5.4 14.2 66.8
Mean monthly sunshine hours 91.0 111.6 132.9 141.0 198.0 224.6 246.9 228.4 167.1 130.1 77.0 68.2 1,816.7
Percent possible sunshine 32.4 38.3 36.1 34.7 42.7 47.7 51.8 52.0 44.3 38.3 27.1 25.3 39.2
Source: Environment Canada (1981-2010)[8][Note 1]

Education[edit]

Sydney Mines has one elementary school, Jubilee Elementary (home to the Johnny Miles Gym), one middle school, Sydney Mines Middle School, one high school, Memorial Composite High School.

Landmarks[edit]

In front of Jubilee Elementary on Main Street, there is a bronze statue of Johnny Miles in a running pose. There is a script on it with a small quote and the dates Johnny Miles won the Boston Marathon.

In front of the John J. Nugent Firemen's Centre on Elliot Street (across from the fire station), there is a firefighter statue which resembles all the past fire chiefs of the Sydney Mines Volunteer Fire Department.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Sydney's climatic information in the above table are from Sydney Airport (CYQY) for the period 1981-2010. The extreme high and low temperatures are combined from the Airport's long-term records, that start in 1941.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1], Censuses 1871-1941
  2. ^ [2], Census 1941-1951
  3. ^ Census 1956-1961
  4. ^ C. J. MacGillivray. Timothy Hierlihy and his Times: The story of the Founder of Antigonish, N.S. Nova Scotia Historical Society., p.40
  5. ^ C. J. MacGillivray. Timothy Hierlihy and his Times: The story of the Founder of Antigonish, N.S. Nova Scotia Historical Society., p.42
  6. ^ Maj.-Gen. Eyre Massey to General Sir Henry Clinton. 13 June 1778
  7. ^ Thomas B. Akins. (1895) History of Halifax. Dartmouth: Brook House Press.p. 82
  8. ^ Environment Canada (2012a).
  9. ^ Environment Canada (2012b).