Sydney Olympic Park
|Sydney Olympic Park
Sydney, New South Wales
|Population||1,736 (2016 census)|
|Established||1996 (locality) & 2009 (suburb)|
|Location||16 km (10 mi) west of Sydney CBD|
|LGA(s)||City of Parramatta|
Sydney Olympic Park is a large sports and entertainment complex in western Sydney. It is also an official suburb of Sydney, commonly known as Olympic Park but officially named Sydney Olympic Park. Sydney Olympic Park is located 16 kilometres west of the Sydney central business district, in the local government area of City of Parramatta.
The area was redeveloped for the 2000 Olympics. The facilities built continue to be used for sporting, musical, and cultural events, including the Sydney Royal Easter Show, Sydney Festival, Stereosonic, Big Day Out, Soundwave, Sydney 500 and a number of world-class sporting fixtures. The suburb also contains commercial development and extensive parklands. The area was originally part of the suburb of Homebush Bay, but was designated a suburb in its own right in 2009. The name Homebush is still used colloquially as a metonym for Stadium Australia as well as the Olympic Park precinct as a whole.
The Wangal clan of Indigenous Australians lived in the area before British settlement. The area was called "The Flats" by a scouting party shortly after the arrival of the First Fleet in 1788. It became part of the Newington Estate in 1807, which was acquired by John Blaxland. The Government acquired some of the land for an aged women's home in the late 19th century. Much of the land was reclaimed from the river and wetlands by landfill.
In the mid-1980s, an area bounded by Australia Avenue and what are now Herb Elliott Avenue and Sarah Durack Avenue was promoted as a 'technology park' called the Australia Centre. However, apart from a few relatively high tech businesses like AWA Microelectronics, BASF, Philips and Sanyo, the idea did not catch on and the Australian Technology Park is now in Eveleigh. In any event, a decade later the entire area became the site for the Sydney 2000 Olympics.
Before its transformation, a large part of Olympic Park was derelict former industrial land, after more than a century of industrial and military activities on the site. The site was once home to a brickworks, abattoir and an armaments depot as well as being the site for eight of Sydney's rubbish dumps. These activities resulted in a highly contaminated site with little natural ecology and a fragmented stream corridor. Sixty-five percent of the soils were required to be excavated and contained on-site. The site did have some positive attributes that PWP Landscape Architecture enhanced in the design: 15 miles of continuous waterfront; various historic buildings and landscapes; an almost unspoiled 124-acre aboriginal forest; major areas of mangrove swamp; bird sanctuaries; and surviving endangered species like Golden orb spiders and the Green and golden bell frogs that resided in a 70-acre historic limestone quarry, the Brick Pit. Millennium Parklands was and is a project that matches the scale of the city, dealing with landscape as the system that sustains urban life, the Olmstedian "lungs" known these days as "green infrastructure" a component of the urban condition rather than its native opposition.
With the successful completion of the 2000 Olympics, Sydney Olympic Park has undergone a significant amount of development work to support its conversion to a multipurpose facility with a number of businesses re-locating to the area. Commercial developments now sit alongside sporting facilities with tenants in office buildings such as Commonwealth Bank from September 2007. A five-star Pullman hotel and a two-star Formule 1 hotel were completed in mid-2008.
The parklands have undergone redevelopment with Blaxland Riverside Park (formerly Blaxland Common) being transformed into an urban park along Parramatta River. The Park opened on 3 March 2007. In addition the Wentworth Common area was upgraded with significant adventure playground facilities for children aged 8–13 years.
Auburn Council sought public comment on a proposal to rename the Homebush Bay area, to remove confusion with its namesake suburb Homebush. The area encompassing Sydney Olympic Park was given autonomy as a suburb, the waterfront residential area was renamed Wentworth Point and the Carter Street industrial precinct was absorbed by the neighbouring suburb of Lidcombe.
Currently[when?] there are more than 5000 events held at the park each year, including the Sydney Royal Easter Show, Supanova Pop Culture Expo, Rugby Union, National Rugby League, Australian Football League and Australian Rugby League games at ANZ Stadium. The Sydney International is held each year at the Sydney Olympic Park Tennis Centre, and the park also hosts athletics and swimming events, using some venues for concerts during the year, and hosts boxing. It hosts the Big Day Out music festival and has been the venue for free, open air performances as part of the Sydney Festival such as Movies in the Overflow and Music by Moonlight.
The Newington Armory has in the past been the venue for the now-defunct "Great Escape" and "Acoustica at the Armory" music festivals, both of which were held over the Easter long weekend. Some venues function have changed from the original uses in the 2000 Olympics, such as the baseball stadium which has become the Sydney Showground; the former Sydney Superdome is now known as Allphones Arena and the Olympic Stadium has been renamed ANZ Stadium, following on from its prior sponsor Telstra. The latter two venues are now very successful in their own right, with the stadium serving as the venue for 49 major sporting events in 2007 and the Arena being the world's second-highest grossing venue of its type in the world in 2005 - behind only New York City's Madison Square Garden.
In August 2009, the funerals for the murdered Lin family were held here.
Every December since 2009, the V8 Supercar event, the Sydney 500, is held through the streets of the Olympic precinct. However, it was announced in March 2016 that the event would no longer take place at Sydney Olympic Park following its final edition in December 2016.
The suburb is home to a significant arts and cultural program including regular events, the largest single precinct public art collection in Australia, the Armoury Gallery which is the largest single room permanent art exhibition space in the Southern Hemisphere, a new theatre,an artist studio facility at Newington Armoury and a BMX track.. The suburb is fully dedicated to environmentally and socially sustainable practices and has committed to 'Master Plan 2030': an opportunity to establish a best practice example of sustainable urban development for the next 20 years of the Park's growth.
The Master Plan 2030 vision is that the Park will, by 2030, be home to a daily population of 50,000 residents, students and workers, in addition to 10 million visitors per year.
In the 2016 Census, there were 1,736 people in Sydney Olympic Park. 22.1% of people were born in Australia. The most common countries of birth were China 19.8% and South Korea 10.5%. 22.2% of people only spoke English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Mandarin 20.1% and Korean 11.8%. The most common responses for religion was No Religion 36.6%.
Sydney Olympic Park is managed by the Sydney Olympic Park Authority. The site was previously intended for a massive urban renewal project of the Homebush Bay area, prior to the Olympic bid, so the renewal masterplan was altered to accommodate venues for the 2000 Olympics.
- Prior to 1995 (Pre Olympic Site) - Homebush Bay Development Corporation
- 1995 to 2001 - Olympic Co-Ordination Authority
- 2001 onwards - Sydney Olympic Park Authority
Sydney 2000 Olympics venues
- ANZ Stadium - Formerly Stadium Australia & Telstra Stadium (capacity: 110,000 at time of Olympics, now 83,500)
- Qudos Bank Arena - formerly Sydney Superdome, Acer Arena and Allphones Arena (capacity: Concert 21,032; Basketball 18,200; Gymnastics 15,000)
- Sydney Showground - Home of Sydney's Royal Easter Show. Includes Sydney Showground Stadium (capacity: 21,500 from 1998 to 2011, 24,000 from 2012).
- Sydney Olympic Park Athletic Centre (capacity: Grandstand 5,000; Grass 10,000)
- Sydney International Aquatic Centre (capacity: 17,500 at time of Olympics, now 10,000)
- Sydney Olympic Park Tennis Centre (capacity: 10,000)
- Sydney Olympic Park Hockey Centre (capacity: 15,000 at time of Olympics, now 8,000)
- Sydney Olympic Park Sports Centre (capacity: 5,006)
- Sydney International Archery Park (capacity: 4,500)
- Sydney Olympic Park Sports Halls
- Monster Mountain X - Mountain Biking
- Monster BMX
- Monster Skate Park
- Armory Gallery
- Armory Theatre
- Novotel and Hotel Ibis, Sydney Olympic Park
- Pullman, Sydney Olympic Park
- Ibis Budget, Sydney Olympic Park
- Sydney Olympic Park Lodge - Newington Armory
- Former Olympic Village - now suburb of Newington
Sydney Olympic Park is served by the Olympic Park railway line and Olympic Park station. There are also regular ferry services to the nearby Sydney Olympic Park ferry wharf, at the end of Hill Road, serviced by Sydney Ferries to and from various points around Sydney Harbour.
- Bicentennial Park; 40 hectares (99 acres) of parkland, opened in 1988 to celebrate Australia's Bicentenary
- Wentworth Common
- Archery Park
- Blaxland Riverside Park along Parramatta River
- Narawang Wetlands and Louise Sauvage Pathway
- The Brickpit
- 425 hectares (1,050 acres) of parkland throughout the Sydney Olympic Park site
- Newington Armory - Former Armory Store for the Royal Australian Navy- limited public access related to events and Sunday open days
- Newington Nature Reserve
The Olympic Park area has a humid subtropical climate with slightly warmer summers than in coastal Sydney, with very mild winters.
|Climate data for Sydney Olympic Park|
|Record high °C (°F)||44.7
|Average high °C (°F)||28.4
|Average low °C (°F)||19.3
|Record low °C (°F)||12.8
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||84.4
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)||10.6||10.1||11.2||9.6||10.7||10.2||9.2||7.8||8.3||8.9||11.7||9.3||117.6|
|Average afternoon relative humidity (%)||53||55||53||51||51||52||48||41||43||45||51||50||49.4|
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Sydney Olympic Park (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 26 July 2017.
- "Sydney Olympic Park". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales.
- Sydney Olympic Park Official Site: Education & Learning
- The State Brickworks' Tramway, Homebush Bay Eardley, Giff Australian Railway Historical Society Bulletin, May 1972, pp.109-114
- Hassell, Millennium Parklands Concept Plan, prepared for The Olympic Co-ordination Authority (1997), 1.
- New Names for Auburn Suburbs
- "Auburn". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales.
- "Coates Hire Sydney 500 finale for Sydney Olympic Park". V8 Supercars. 21 March 2016. Retrieved 27 March 2016.
- "EB Games Expo 2012 smashes attendance record". EB Games. Retrieved 29 June 2014.
- ANZ Stadium
- "Parramatta Light Rail - How the preferred network was chosen". Transport for NSW. Retrieved 8 December 2015.
- "Sydney Olympic Park". Bureau of Meteorology.
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