Sydney Parkinson (c. 1745 – 26 January 1771) was a Scottish botanical illustrator and natural history artist. He was the first European artist to visit Australia, New Zealand and Tahiti. Parkinson was the first Quaker to visit New Zealand. The standard author abbreviation Parkinson is used to indicate this person as the author when citing a botanical name.
Parkinson was employed by Joseph Banks to travel with him on James Cook's first voyage to the Pacific in 1768, in HMS Endeavour. Parkinson made nearly a thousand drawings of plants and animals collected by Banks and Daniel Solander on the voyage. He had to work in difficult conditions, living and working in a small cabin surrounded by hundreds of specimens. In Tahiti he was plagued by swarms of flies which ate the paint as he worked. He died at sea on the way to Cape Town of dysentery contracted at Princes' Island off the western end of Java. Banks paid his outstanding salary to his brother.
Parkinson is commemorated in the common and scientific name of the Parkinson's petrel Procellaria parkinsoni. The great Florilegium of his work was finally published in 1988 by Alecto Historical Editions in 35 volumes and has since been digitized by the Natural History Museum in London.
The following are some examples of Parkinson's artistic work:
- Visual arts of Australia
- List of Australian botanical illustrators
- European and American voyages of scientific exploration
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sydney Parkinson.|
- Paul Barker, "Wide-eyes on a painted ocean", The Guardian, republished in Sydney Morning Herald, 10 July 1999, Spectrum, p. 13s
- "History of Quakerism in New Zealand | quaker.org.nz". quaker.org.nz. Retrieved 2020-01-12.
- IPNI. Parkinson.
- "Sydney Parkinson, botanical draughtsman". Enlarging the prospects of happiness: European travel writing through the ages. Online exhibition. University of Otago. Retrieved 12 June 2015.
- Nadaf, Altafhusain; Zanan, Rahul (2013). Indian Pandanaceae - an overview. Springer Science & Business Media. p. 5. ISBN 978-81-322-0753-5.
- Rienits, Rex (1967). "Parkinson, Sydney (1745–1771)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. National Centre of Biography, Australian National University.
- "Australia - 90c stamp of 1986 (#7300)". stampdata.com.
- Parkinson's posthumously published Journal, 1773, online at the National Library of Australia
- Examples of Parkinson's drawings published in A journal of a voyage to the South Seas, in His Majesty's ship, the Endeavour, 1773. Royal Geographical Society of South Australia
- Parkinson, Sydney; Kenrick, William (1773). A Journal of a Voyage to the South Seas, in His Majesty's Ship, the Endeavour: Faithfully Transcribed from the Papers of the Late Sydney Parkinson, Draughtsman to Joseph Banks, Esq., on His Late Expedition with Dr. Solander, Round the World ... S. Parkinson.