Syed Ibrahim Mallick Baya

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Tomb of Syed Ibrahim Mallick Baya
Mullick Baya, Mallick Bayyu
Tomb of Syed Ibrahim Mallick Baya is located in Bihar
Tomb of Syed Ibrahim Mallick Baya
Tomb of Syed Ibrahim Mallick Baya
Coordinates: 25°07′N 85°31′E / 25.11°N 85.51°E / 25.11; 85.51Coordinates: 25°07′N 85°31′E / 25.11°N 85.51°E / 25.11; 85.51
Country India
State Bihar
District Nalanda
City Bihar Sharif
Burial Place Pir Pahari

Syed Ibrahim Mullick Baya (Rahmatullah Alaih)[edit]

Mullick, Malick, or Malik are three possible spellings used for the same name by Mullicks from Bihar, India. Syed Ibrahim Mullick came to India during the time of Sultan Mohammad Tughlaq in 740 Hijri. (1339 A.D.). Syed Ibrahim's ancestors were native of Baghdad who migrated to Afghanistan and settled in the district of Budt Nagar, which was located in Ghazni.

The Muslim population of Bihar was around 13% before the partition of India in 1947. At that time,“Mullicks” constituted about 25% of the Muslim population of Bihar, mostly concentrated in the villages and towns in the districts of Patna, Bihar Sharif, Gaya, Arah, Jehanabad, Arwal, Auranagabad, Nawada, Jamui, Munger and Sheikhpura. Syed Ibrahim Mullick Baya Bihari (or Syed Ibrahim Mullick Baya, Mullick Bayyu) (born near Ghazni, in (Afghanistan) is the progenitor of the Syed “Mullicks” Muslim community of Bihar, India. His ancestors had migrated to the region from Baghdad to escape from persecution at the hands of the Abbasids. Syed Ibrahim Mullick came to India in 740 Hijri (1339 AD), where he served as a general in Sultan Mohammad Tughlaq's army. After several successful battles and campaigns he received the title of “Mullick Baya” from the Sultan Tughlaq, and was later appointed the Governor of the district of Bihar by the Sultan's son.

Arrival in India[edit]

Syed Ibrahim Mullick settled in Bihar Sharif (India) with his family, and ruled over the region until his assassination on Monday, 13th Zul-Hijjah, 753 Hijri (1353 AD). Syed Ibrahim Mallick`s tomb is over a hill known as Pir Pahari in Bihar Sharif. Descendants of Syed Ibrahim Mullick include the Surname title “Mullicks” from Bihar, India, villages and towns in the districts of Patna, Bihar Sharif, Gaya, Arah, Jehanabad, Arwal, Aurangabad, Nawada, Jamui, Munger and Sheikhpura. However, the names of these villages are still of historical importance and for the purpose of record and identification of the Syed “Mullicks” whose forefathers hailed from these villages. Syed and Mullick are not different, Syed's family is used surname title "Mullicks" in Bihar.

At the time of Sultan Tughlaq (1290 AD-1351 AD), even though the State of Bihar was under the control of Delhi, for all practical purposes, its rulers were autonomous. The Sultan received numerous complaints against the Raja Bithal, the Governor (Subedar) of Bihar, who was not only a tyrant but also a rebel against the Sultan of Delhi.

The Sultan sent his general, Syed Ibrahim Mullick, to punish Raja Bithal. After a fierce battle, the Raja was killed and his army was defeated. The conquest of Bihar was a remarkable achievement, and on this occasion, the Sultan conferred upon Syed Ibrahim Mullick the title of “Madarul Mulk” means Mullick or Saif-o-Daulat (Administrator and King of Sword and Wealth). It is recorded that the Sultan was so jubilant by this victory, that in his court he himself came down to receive and greet Syed Ibrahim Mullick. After an exchange of greetings, Sultan Mohammad bin Tughlaq said to Syed Ibrahim Mullick in Persian (the official language at the time) “Mullick Baya, Be-nashin” meaning “O King come and sit next to me” and led Syed Ibrahim Mullick to his seat. The Sultan bestowed this great honor upon him. Since then, he was called “Mullick Baya”. The Sultan appointed Syed Ibrahim Mullick as the governor of the state of Bihar. He chose to settle with his family and relatives in Bihar Sharif.

Syed Ibrahim Mullick was a distinguished military general, and an eminent Sufi (saint) as well. He was a descendent of Hazrat Ali (Karrama'llah Wajhahu) and when the Abbasyds persecuted his ancestors, they escaped to Ghazni. He was born and raised in Ghazni. Syed Ibrahim Mullick received his education and military training in Ghazni and then he came to Delhi to serve under the tutelage of Sultan Mohammad bin Tughlaq, who was famous for his magnificent patronage of intellectuals, scholars, and talented military generals of his time. Besides Syed Ibrahim Mullick, Ibn Batuta, the famous traveler and pioneer explorer, and other people like him came from all over the world to serve the Sultan Muhammad bin Tughlaq.

In Bihar, Syed Ibrahim Mullick led many expeditions such as Deora and Khatangi etc., and defeated Raja Baithal and was appointed Governor of Bihar by Sultan Mohammad bin Tughlaq. Syed Ibrahim Mullick also served as Governor of Bihar and general for a few years from 1351-1353 AD/751-753 AH, during the reign of Sultan Firoz Shah Tughlaq, Cousin of Sultan Muhammad bin Tughluq. During his reign, he fought his last pitched battles with Raja Hans Kumar and conquered Rohtasgarh Fort.

Assassination[edit]

When the fighting finally stopped, Syed Ibrahim Mullick established law and order in the region. After peace prevailed, one night Syed Ibrahim Mullick Baya left the fort, when a group of enemy soldiers, hiding in the darkness outside the fort, perpetrated a sneak attack on this general from behind and killed him. Syed Ibrahim Mullick died on Sunday, 13th Dul Hajj 753 AH corresponding to 20 January 1353 AD. His body was brought to Bihar Sharif for burial, where he had lived nearly his entire life with his family, relatives, and kinsmen.

Commemoration[edit]

Syed Ibrahim Mullick or Bayyu one of the Great saints of Bihar. The descendants of the eight children of Syed Ibrahim Mullick Baya multiplied over 660 years and constituted a significant portion of the Muslim community in Bihar. The tomb is said to have built by Syed Daud Mullick, The eldest of the seven sons of the saint, who is also buried inside the tomb. The tomb of Syed Ibrahim Mullick is located in Bihar Sharif, at the hilltop of Pir Pahari, one mile west of the town. The mausoleum is an extraordinary structure of a rare quality of bricks, which have withstood the ravages of time and unrelenting devastation of weather for the last 660 years.

After 660 years, the structure stands as if it were built in recent days. Besides Syed Ibrahim Mullick Baya’s tomb, there are 10 graves of his wife, sons, daughters, grandson, nephew and brother inside the dome. Names of this sons Badruddin Mullick, Sadaruddin Mullick, Mohammad Mohsin Mullick, Syed Daud Mullick, one daughter Syeda Bibi Munehiya, one Nephew, one Brother, one Grandson, one Wife & two sons of the saint Mohammad Ilyas Mullick or Syed Suleman Mullick are buried out side of the tomb. But Mullick Mohammad Usman is Died in Jalalabad, Kabul (Afghanistan). The tombs of other family members and companions of Syed Ibrahim Mullick Baya are lying on the east, west and south sides of the mausoleum.

Due to the high respect and reverence given to the tomb of Syed Ibrahim Mullick Baya for generations, no one is buried on the north side of the dome. The south side of the burial place is still reserved only for the Syed “Mullicks” family members who wish to be buried on Pir Pahari.

The poet Sahibzada Syed Raees Ahmad Chishti (Ahmad Raees) Karachi in Pakistan produced the work Nazraana-e-Aqeedatt about Syed Ibrahim Mullick.

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