Syed Bande Ali Husaini

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Qazi Maulana Syed Bande Ali Husaini قاضى مو لينا سيد بنده على الحسينى (1816–1871) was the last Qazi-ul-Quzaat (Urdu: قاضى القضاة‎) "Islamic Chief Justice" of the Islamic Judiciary System in Banaras, India.

The Islamic judiciary system in Banaras was established by the Muslim rulers of India and the ancestors of Qazi Bande Ali Husaini were holding the post of Qazi-ul-Quzat (Islamic Chief Justice) since the reign of Mughal emperor King Aurangzeb اورنكزيب (around 1659/1661). It lasted for more than two centuries till the British Empire rule (around 1867/1870) during the reign of British Queen Alexandrina Victoria the Empress of India. Maulana Husaini was awarded the title of Khan Bahadur by the Queen and all his works were appreciated by her.

The First Qazi-ul-Quzaat of this system was his forefather Qazi Maulana Syed Inayatullah Husaini قاضى مولينا سيد عناية الله الحسينى (1613–1685), who was the class mate of King Aurangzeb and their tutor was a prominent religious scholar of that time known as Mulla Jeewan ملا جيون who was the Royal Ataleeq of Mughal Empire. Qazi Syed Bande Ali had notable efforts towards the establishment of the First Shia Religious Seminary of Indian sub-continent named Jamia-e-Imania Banaras which was founded on his proposal by a visionary landlord of that time Moulvi Khursheed Ali Khan مولوى خورشيد على خان in 1866/1283 (A.H.) and he was the one who provided an escape of land in the city area for this purpose and the construction work of its premises was completed under his supervision in 1870/1287 (A.H.).

His family and grand sons still living in Banaras and continuing all religious, educational and social activities as well as done by their ancestors in past. Some famous personalities and most prominent figures of this family are below:



  • The book "Tareekh-e-Banaras".
  • The Landlords Directory of 19th Century.
  • The Historical Records of Banaras Estate.
  • The Press related old documents.[which?]
  • The unpublished sources.[which?]
  • The published biography of Maulana Syed Mohammad Husaini "Baqiyyat-us-Salaf"
  • The statements of old age knowledgeable personalities.[which?]