Syed Sharifuddin Pirzada

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Syed Sharifuddin Pirzada
Nishan-e-Imtiaz
SyedPirzada.jpg
Minister of Foreign Affairs
In office
31 August 1966 – 1 May 1968
President Ayub Khan
Preceded by Zulfikar Ali Bhutto
Succeeded by Mian Arshad Hussain
Attorney General of Pakistan
In office
1968–1971
Preceded by Post established
Succeeded by Yahya Bakhtiar
Attorney General of Pakistan
In office
1977–1984
Preceded by Yahya Bakhtiar
Succeeded by Aziz Munshi
Secretary General of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation
In office
1985–1988
Preceded by Habib Chatty
Succeeded by Hamid Algabid
Personal details
Born (1923-06-12) 12 June 1923 (age 92)
Burhanpur, British Raj
(now India)
Political party All-India Muslim League
(Before 1947)
Muslim League (1947–1958)
Alma mater University of Mumbai
Inns of Court School of Law

Syed Sharifuddin Pirzada (Urdu: شریف الدین پیرزادہ سيد ‎) NI, (born 12 June 1923, Burhanpur, British India) is a noted Pakistani lawyer, serving as a senior advocate at the Supreme Court of Pakistan belonging to the Pirzada community. He gained his legal education as a barrister at Lincoln's Inn in the United Kingdom and is also a graduate in law from Bombay University as a part of the batch of 1945. As a senior advocate at the Supreme Court of Pakistan, he is widely regarded as Pakistan's leading jurist and constitutional expert, playing a key role in constitutional stability across several military coups, serving in various roles throughout the regimes of Pakistan's military regimes, particularly those of Zia-ul-Haq and Pervez Musharraf. He is also considered an authority on the Pakistan independence movement, having served as Mohammed Ali Jinnah's personal secretary.

He was the prime advisor to General Pervez Musharraf against maintaining the status quo regarding the 1973 constitutional oath given to the judges prior to the general's coup d'état. He advised Musharraf who then later included Aziz Munshi as a law minister to seek the consent of the Chief Justice Saeeduzzaman Siddiqui for the legitimacy of his rule. Siddiqui was called upon by Musharraf earlier in October and it was made clear that the oath under the Provisional Constitutional Order shall not be administered to any judge of the court. Musharraf had agreed, later when asked by Mr. Munshi, Siddiqui refused and rejected the notion that judges of the courts be administered any other oath and that to contrary to the ones under the 1973 constitution. Later Siddiqui refused to take oath and resigned with 4 years remaining in office. He is a highly-controversial figure amongst political and judicial circles in Pakistan due to his regular legal work in ensuring the legitimacy of Pakistani military rulers, as well as offering his services to a wide variety of entities seeking on ensuring the status quo in the country. For such reasons, he is regarded as a maverick lawyer with no firm stance on political matters. In addition, he is a member of the Pakistan Civil Service, having served as both Foreign Minister under Ayub Khan and the Attorney-General under Zia-ul-Haq.

Personal life[edit]

Syed Sharifuddin Pirzada was born in the city of Burhanpur, in what is today Madhya Pradesh, to parents Mir Niazi Pirzada and his wife, Fatima. His father was a noted barrister as well, serving in the Indian Civil Service at the time and posted in the state.

Senior posts with the Government of Pakistan[edit]

Association with the Organisation of Islamic Conference[edit]

Represented Pakistan before various international forums and tribunals including[edit]

Association with the United Nations[edit]

Awards[edit]

Publications[edit]

  • Pakistan at a Glance, Bombay 1941.
  • Jinnah on Pakistan, Bombay 1943.
  • Leaders Correspondence with Jinnah.
  • Evolution of Pakistan, Karachi 1962 (also published in Urdu and Arabic).
  • Fundamental Rights and Constitutional Remedies in Pakistan, Lahore 1966.
  • The Pakistan Resolution and the historic Lahore Session. Islamabad 1970.
  • Foundation of Pakistan (3 volumes), 1971.
  • Some Aspects of Quaid-i-Azam’s Life 1978.
  • Collected Works of Quaid-i-Azam Jinnah (3 volumes).
  • Dissolution of Constituent Assembly of Pakistan, Karachi 1985.

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Zulfikar Ali Bhutto
Minister of Foreign Affairs
1966–1968
Succeeded by
Mian Arshad Hussain
New office Attorney General of Pakistan
1968–1971
Succeeded by
Yahya Bakhtiar
Preceded by
Yahya Bakhtiar
Attorney General of Pakistan
1977–1984
Succeeded by
Aziz Munshi
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Habib Chatty
Secretary General of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation
1985–1988
Succeeded by
Hamid Algabid