Syed Shujaat Ali Qadri

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Syed Shujaat Ali Qadri
Born Syed Shujaat Ali
January 1941
Uttar Pradesh, India
Died

27 January 1993
Jakarta, Indonesia

Cause of death Sudden heart attack
Religion Ahl as-Sunnah wa’l-Jamā‘ah, Sunni Islam, Hanafi Madhab
Region Pakistan
School Sunni, Hanafi
Main interests
Fiqh, Islamic Philosophy, Hadith
Notable ideas
Efforts to unite the ulema of Ahl as-Sunnah wa’l-Jamā‘ah in Pakistan
Basmala.svg
Part of a series on
The Barelvi movement
DargahAlahazrat.jpg
Tomb of Imam Ahmed Raza Khan Qadri
Founders and Central figures

Ahmed Raza Khan Barelvi
Peer Jamaat Ali Shah
Hamid Raza Khan
Mustafa Raza Khan Qadri
Maulana Abdul Hamid Qadri Badayuni
Muhammad Karam Shah al-Azhari
Mohammad Abdul Ghafoor Hazarvi

History/Movement

All India Sunni Conference
Tehreek-e-Khatme Nabuwwat
Shaheed Ganj Mosque
Movement against Shuddhi
Shah Bano Movement

Notable Scholars

Past
Khwaja Qamar ul Din Sialvi
Shah Ahmad Noorani
Abdul Sattar Khan Niazi
Arshadul Qaudri
Shamsul-hasan Shams Barelvi
Sarfraz Ahmed Naeemi
Sahibzada Haji Muhammad Fazal Karim
Nurul Islam Farooqi

Present
Kaukab Noorani Okarvi
Ashraf Asif Jalali
Qamaruzzaman Azmi
Ameen Mian Qaudri
Sheikh Aboobacker Ahmed
Syed Shujaat Ali Qadri
Muhammad Arshad Misbahi
Hamid Saeed Kazmi
Yaseen Akhtar Misbahi
Mukarram Ahmad
Muhammad Saeed Noori
Akhtar Raza Khan

Institutions

India Jamiatur Raza Bareilly
Manzar-e-Islam Bareilly
Al Jamiatul Ashrafia Azamgarh
Al-Jame-atul-Islamia Mau
Jamia-tul-Madina Global
Jamia Markazu Ssaquafathi Ssunniyya Kerala
Jamia Nizamia Hyderabad,

Pakistan Jamia Naeemia Lahore
Jamia Amjadia Rizvia Karachi
Jamia Nizamia Ghousia Wazirabad,
'United Kingdom Jamia Al-Karam
Al-Mustafa Islamic Cultural Centre Ireland

Literature and Notable Works

Kanzul Iman, Fatawa-e-Razvia
Bahar-e-Shariat, Husamul Haramain
Manaqib-al-Jaleela

Organizations

World Islamic Mission
Dawat e Islami
Jamiat Ulema-e-Pakistan
Jamaat Ahle Sunnat
Sunni Tehreek
Sunni Ittehad Council
Majlis-e-Tahaffuz-e-Khatme Nabuwwat
Tanzeem ul Madaris
Raza Academy
Dargah-e-Ala Hazrat

Justice Dr Mufti Syed Shuja’at Ali Qadri (Urdu: حضرت علامہ مفتی سید شجاعت علی قادری ) (January 1941 – 27 January 1993) was judge of Federal Shariat Court,[1] a member of the Pakistani Council of Islamic Ideology and a scholar of Islamic Sciences and modern science.[2] He was influenced by Imam Ahmed Raza Khan and worked for the Barelvi movement.[3]

He involved himself with the work of authoring and publication besides holding various offices and wrote a number of texts.[4] He authored a number of books on Islamic fiqh, economics and inheritance, and also translated some notable books from Arabic to Urdu.[5]

Birth and family[edit]

Shujaat Ali Qadri was born in Uttar Pradesh, India, in January 1941. He was the son of Syed Masood Ali Qadri, who served in the office of Afta (Islamic jurisprudence) at the Jamia Islamia Anwar-ul-Uloom, a madrasah in Multan, Punjab (Pakistan). Qadri was the second eldest child of his father; his brothers are:[6]

  • Syed Saadat Ali Qadri
  • Syed Tariq Ali
  • Syed Khushnood Ali
  • Syed Shafaat Ali

Qadri was the father of three sons and a daughter.[6]

  • Dr Syed Farasat Ali Qadri
  • Syed Muhammad Ali
  • Syed Nasir Ali
Visit of Iraqi Council General Jalal ud Din Noori at Darul ulum Naeemia, June 1981

Education[edit]

Qadri got his initial education from Madrasa-e-Arabia Hafizia Saadiya, District Dadu, Aligarh. He learned the Holy Quran from Ghulam Rabbani and Shah Ahmad Noorani Siddiqi. He then, at the age of 10, migrated with his parents in 1951 to Multan, Pakistan and began his education in Madersah Anwar-ul-Ulum and eventually completed his darse nizami from this institute. He also received Ijaza or authority in the Qadri tariqa of Sufism from Pir Kifayat Ali Shah.[6] He graduated from the Jamia Islamia Anwar-ul-Uloom, Multan at the age of eighteen. Besides this he achieved the following qualifications:

  • M.A Islamiyat, University of Karachi, 1971
  • M.A Arabi, University of Karachi, 1974
  • Course on Arabic Literature, University of Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, 1984[5]
  • PhD, University of Karachi, 1984[7]

Didactic services[edit]

Justice Syed Shujaat Ali Qadri at the foundation stone laying ceremony of Darul ulum Naeemia

Qadri worked as a teacher and mufti in different institutes or madaris of Muslims. He served as the Head of Department and Mufti in Darul Uloom Amjadiya from 1960 to 1973.[5] Thereafter he established Darul Uloom Naeemia.[8] Thereafter, from 1973 till his death, he held the offices of Sheikh ul Hadith and Mufti in Darul Uloom Naeemia, Karachi.[5] Qadri also served as a Lecturer in Liaqat Government College, Karachi, for 12 years and as a member of University of Karachi Syndicate for two years.[4]

Ranks and offices held[edit]

Besides serving the offices of Sheikh-ul-Hadith and Afta at Darul Ulum Naeemia, for ten years,[9] from 1973 to 1983;[5] he remained as a judge of Federal Shariat Court, Pakistan for six years from 1983 till 1989.[1] He was appointed as Aalim Judge of the Federal Shariat Court on 2 July 1983 and performed his duties till 1 July 1989.[5] He also served as a member of Council of Islamic Ideology, Pakistan and as a member of Karachi University Syndicate.[4]

Prominent Sunni scholars waiting for the arrival of coffin of Syed Shujaat Ali Qadri, February 1993.

Books, texts and translations[edit]

He authored and translated a significant body of work:[10]

  1. Translation of Tafseere Mazhari (fifteen sections)
  2. Translation of Mowahib-al-Luduniya
  3. Translation of Sharah-as-Sadur
  4. Translation of Al-Khairat-al-Hissan
  5. Translation of Al-Shifae Sheikh Al-Raees (some parts)
  6. Insha-al-Arabiya (four parts)
  7. Translation of Khatme Nabuwat Magazine from Arabic to Urdu
  8. Magazine on Khatme Nabuwat in Arabi
  9. Islam mein Murtid ki Saza (Punishment of an apostate in Islam)
  10. Islam ka Maashi Nizam (Islamic Economic System)
  11. Aqaid o Aamal (Beliefs and Actions)
  12. Teen Talaqain (Three divorces)
  13. Translation and Commentary of Surah Bani Israeel with a biography of the Blessed Prophet Sallalahu Alihay Wassalam
  14. Fiqahe Ahle Sunnat (Jurisprudence of Ahle Sunnat)
  15. Adalate Islamia (Islamic Court)
  16. Man huwa Ahmed Raza? (Who is Ahmed Raza?) – A biography of Aala Hazrat Imam Ahmed Raza Khan, in Arabic Language
  17. Mujaddid-al-Mata – Some articles on Aala Hazrat Imam Ahmed Raza Khan, in Arabic Language[11]
  18. Fatawae Rizwiya (Translation of Arabic terms)
  19. Rasail-e-Aala Hazrat (Collection of booklets written by Aala Hazrat Imam Ahmed Raza Khan with explanatory footnotes, introductions and translation of Arabic and Persion texts)[12]
  20. Arbaeen
  21. Composition of the last part of Bahare Shariat (Fiqh Ahle Sunnat, Foreword, Madina Publishing, Karachi)
  22. Phd Thesis – An Academic Movement in Arabic Language-Valley of Sindh in Twelfth-Thirteenth A.D[13]
  23. Series of articles on the history of Islam, published in the monthly magazine Tarjumaan-e-AhleSunnat (Voice of Ahle Sunnat)[14]

Critical acclaim[edit]

Shujaat was a prominent scholar of the Barelvi Movement and was respected by the scholars of major sects of Islam and people of Pakistan.[15]

Death[edit]

On 24 January 1993 Qadri went on an official tour of Indonesia with a delegation of the Ministry of Population Control. It was during this tour that on the fourth Shabaan 1413 Hijri, 27 January 1993 he expired of a sudden heart attack in Jakarta.[16] Qadri's funeral procession was led by Hamid Saeed Kazmi, who was at that time the MNA of JUP, in Jakarta. It was estimated that approximately fifty thousand people attended the procession along with the ambassadors and religious scholars from Islamic countries, Indonesian officials and Pakistan's foreign delegation in Indonesia.[2][17] His body was brought back to Pakistan on 1 February 1993, by Singapore Airlines,[18] where he was buried in Darul Uloom Naeemia, Karachi. Qadri's funeral procession, in Karachi, was led by his brother, Syed Saadat Ali Qadri, in the presence of a large number of people, journalists, politicians and scholars from all schools of thought. An estimated crowd of fifteen thousand attended his funeral procession.[19] His tomb is located inside the Daru Uloom Naeemia.[20]

Funeral procession of Justice Mufti Syed Shujaat Ali Qadri led by Sa'adat Ali Qadri.

Condolences[edit]

Syed Shujaat Ali Qadri's death was termed as a national tragedy and a great loss of eminent religious scholar of Islam for the people of Pakistan.[21][22] Former Prime Minister of Pakistan, Muhammad Nawaz Sharif, expressed his shock and grief over Qadri's death in the following manner:

Former Prime Minister of Pakistan and the opposition leader in the National Assembly of Pakistan at that time, Benazir Bhutto, expressed her deep sorrow and grief over his demise:

Burial inside Darul Ulum Naeemia.

The then Federal Minister for Religious Affairs, Abdul Sattar Khan Niazi expressed his condolences and said:

Ahmed Noorani Siddiqui visited Qadri's home to offer his condolences to Qadri's family:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Federal Shariat Court Annual Report 2003, p56
  2. ^ a b NAWA-I-WAQT, 1 February 1993
  3. ^ http://www.alahazrat.net/events/ursealahazrat/comments.htm His praiseworthy comments and appreciation for Aala Hazrat Imam Ahmed Raza Khan Barelwi
  4. ^ a b c DAWN, 28 January 1993
  5. ^ a b c d e f "Information about Justice Mufti Syed Shujaat Ali Qadri, Federal Shariat Court, Pakistan" (PDF). federalshariatcourt.gov.pk. Retrieved 28 July 2015. 
  6. ^ a b c Mujaddid-al-Mata, Preface
  7. ^ "An Academic Movement in Arabic Language-Valley of Sindh in Twelfth-Thirteenth A.D. #124; Information on Muftī Justice Sayyid Shujaat 'Alī Qadri's PhD Thesis at the website of Higher Education Commission, Pakistan". bpt.hec.gov.pk. Archived from the original on 21 January 2012. Retrieved January 20, 2016. 
  8. ^ Foundation Stone, He was the founder of DarulNaeemia
  9. ^ Daily JANG, Karachi, 28 January 1993
  10. ^ Muqalat-e-Saeedi p623, Rumi Publications & Printers, Lahore by Allama Ghulam Rasul Saeedi
  11. ^ "Imam Ahmed Raza Academy | The Mujaddid Imam Ahmed Raza | Comments by Supporters and Adversariers". web.archive.org. Retrieved 28 July 2015. 
  12. ^ Published and distributed by Madina Publishing Company, M.A Jinnah Rd, Karachi, January 1973
  13. ^ Bibliography of Phd Thesis, Higher Education Commission, Pakistan
  14. ^ Production & Publishing Department, Main Head Office Jamaat Ahle Sunnat, Darul Ulum Amjadia, Aalamgir Road, Karachi
  15. ^ Daily JANG, 7 Feb 1993 – Izhar-e-Khayal by Dost Muhammad Faizi
  16. ^ DAWN, Business Recorder and other newspapers reported on 28 January 1993
  17. ^ QAUMI AKHBAR, 29 January 1993
  18. ^ DAWN, 29 January 1993
  19. ^ JASARAT, 2 February 1993
  20. ^ Muqalat-e-Saeedi p625, Rumi Publications & Printers, Lahore by Allama Ghulam Rasul Saeedi
  21. ^ THE NEWS, 1 February 1993
  22. ^ SIND EXPRESS, 1 February 1993
  23. ^ a b SIND EXPRESS, 29 January 1993
  24. ^ NATION, Jan 31, 1993
  25. ^ Daily JANG, Jan 31, 1993

External links[edit]