Syed Sultan Ahmed

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Sir Syed Sultan Ahmed, KCSI (1880–1963, Patna, Bihar, India) was an Indian barrister and politician who had a very successful practice as a barrister, having victories over Motilal Nehru, Tej Bahadur Sapru and Sarat Chandra Bose. Sultan Ahmed was related to Sir Ali Imam and Syed Hasan Imam and like them was a Bihari Shia.

While he was the first Indian Vice-Chancellor of Patna University (1923–30) he was included as a delegate from British India, to the Round Table Conference (1930–31) in London which was attended by Mahatama Gandhi.

He was Member of the Bihar Legislative Council in 1937 but resigned on the grounds of not getting enough time for politics. He joined the Viceroy’s Executive Council (1941–43) and was made the Member for Information and Broadcasting. Later he was also Advisor to the Chamber of Princes (1945–47) in India. In the 1945 New Year Honours, he was appointed a Knight Commander of the Order of the Star of India (KCSI).

Although Jinnah offered him a cabinet position in Pakistan, he stated that he could not leave India as it contained the graves of his forefathers. Sir Sultan Ahmed had previously also refused the Nizam of Hyderabad's offer of being his Prime minister as his father who was himself a lawyer reminded him of the bad experiences of his relative Sir Ali Imam in that role.

After Indian Independence, Sir Sultan turned to his law practice. In 1950 he became the President of the All India Shia Conference.

Sir Sultan’s grandson, Syed Tanvirul Hasan’s ‘Freedom and Partition and Seasons Changed’ records the ‘Life and Times of Sir Sultan Ahmed’.

Sir Sultan edited the most popular book on Muslim Law "Mohammedan Law" for several years.