Sylhet District

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Sylhet
সিলেট
Sylhet District
Beautiful Bangladesh 2.jpg
Landscape - Bichanakandi, Sylhet.jpg
Anjon pic-1 (312).JPG
Keane Bridge 005.jpg
Jaflong Sylhet.jpg
Location of Sylhet District in Bangladesh
Location of Sylhet District in Bangladesh
Expandable map of Sylhet District
Coordinates: 24°53′N 91°52′E / 24.883°N 91.867°E / 24.883; 91.867Coordinates: 24°53′N 91°52′E / 24.883°N 91.867°E / 24.883; 91.867
Country Bangladesh
DivisionSylhet Division
Established1782
Government
 • Deputy CommissionerM. Kazi Emdadul Islam[1]
Area
 • Total3,452.07 km2 (1,332.85 sq mi)
Population
 (2022 census)
 • Total3,857,037
 • Density1,100/km2 (2,900/sq mi)
DemonymSylheti
Literacy rate
 • Total66%
Time zoneUTC+06:00 (BST)
Postal code
3100
HDI (2018)0.596[3]
medium · 11th of 21
Websitesylhet.gov.bd

Sylhet (Bengali: সিলেট), located in north-east Bangladesh, is the divisional capital and one of the four districts in the Sylhet Division.

History[edit]

Sylhet district was established on 3 January 1782, and until 1878 it was part of Bengal Province under Dhaka Division. However, in that year, Sylhet was moved to the newly created Assam Province, and it remained as part of Assam up to 1947 (except during the administrative reorganisation of Bengal Province between 1905 and 1912). Sylhet district was divided into five subdivisions and the current Sylhet District was known as the North Sylhet subdivision. In 1947, Sylhet became a part of East Pakistan as a result of a referendum (except 312 thanas of Karimganj subdivision) as part of Chittagong Division.[4] It was subdivided into four districts in 1983–84 with the current Sylhet District being known as North Sylhet. It became a part of Sylhet Division after its formation in 1995. Sylhet has played a vital role in the Bangladeshi economy. Several of Bangladesh's finance ministers have been Members of Parliament from the city of Sylhet.[4]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1981 1,777,784—    
1991 2,153,301+1.93%
2001 2,555,566+1.73%
2011 3,434,188+3.00%
Sources:[5]

According to the 2011 Bangladesh census, Sylhet District had a population of 3,434,188, of which 1,726,965 were males and 1,707,223 females. Rural population was 2,680,639 (78.06%) while the urban population was 753,549 (21.94%). Sylhet district had a literacy rate of 51.18% for the population 7 years and above: 53.48% for males and 48.87% for females.[5]

Religions in Sylhet district (2011)[5]
Religion Percent
Muslims
92.62%
Hindus
7.23%
Other or not stated
0.15%
Religion in present-day Sylhet district[a]
Religion Population (1941)[6]: 36–37  Percentage (1941) Population (2011)[5] Percentage (2011)
Islam Star and Crescent.svg 561,124 73.34% 3,180,766 92.62%
Hinduism Om.svg 189,226 24.73% 248,154 7.23%
Tribal religion Sarna dhorom 2014-05-30 19-54.jpg 14,360 1.88% 2,174 0.06%
Others [b] 361 0.05% 3,094 0.09%
Total Population 765,071 100% 3,434,188 100%

Muslims make up 92.62% of the population while Hindus are 7.23% of the population. Ethnic population is 12,781, mainly Khasi.[5]

Administration[edit]

Sylhet District is divided into thirteen Upazilas.[4]

The upazilas are:

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ North Sylhet subdivision and Beanibazar thana of Sylhet district
  2. ^ Including Jainism, Christianity, Buddhism, Zoroastrianism, Judaism, Ad-Dharmis, or not stated

References[edit]

  1. ^ pmis.mopa.gov.bd/pmis/Forms/dclist.php
  2. ^ "registered through Argeweb". geohive.com. Archived from the original on 26 February 2014.
  3. ^ "Sub-national HDI – Area Database – Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 18 March 2020.
  4. ^ a b c Ashfaq Hossain (2012). "Sylhet District". In Sirajul Islam and Ahmed A. Jamal (ed.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  5. ^ a b c d e "Bangladesh Population and Housing Census 2011 Zila Report – Sylhet" (PDF). bbs.gov.bd. Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.
  6. ^ "CENSUS OF INDIA, 1941 VOLUME IX ASSAM PROVINCE" (PDF). 1941.

External links[edit]

Media related to Sylhet District at Wikimedia Commons