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Sylvatic is a scientific term referring to diseases or pathogens affecting only wild (sylvan means forest-dwelling) animals. In the context of animal research, its opposite is domestic, which refers to pets, farm animals or other animals which do not dwell in the wild.

  • Examples: sylvatic rabies; sylvatic and domestic bacterial strains; sylvatic yellow fever

The word "sylvatic" is also simply a synonym for "sylvan" (or "silvan") = "of the forest".

The Latin words silvatica, silvaticus of this root are commonly used in biological taxonomy:Rana sylvatica (Wood Frog), agaricus silvaticus (Scaly Wood Mushroom), etc.

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