Sylvester G. Hill
|Sylvester Gardner Hill|
Col. Sylvester G. Hill
June 10, 1820|
North Kingstown, Rhode Island
|Died||December 15, 1864
|Buried at||Greenwood Cemetery, Muscatine, Iowa|
|Allegiance||United States of America
|Service/branch||United States Army
|Years of service||1862 - 1864|
Brevet Brigadier General
|Commands held||3rd Brigade, 1st Division, XVI Corps
35th Iowa Infantry
Sylvester Gardner Hill was a colonel in the Union Army during the American Civil War. He served as a brigade commander during the Red River Campaign and Battle of Nashville where he was killed in action. He received a posthumous appointment as a brevet brigadier general.
Sylvester Hill was born in North Kingstown, Rhode Island but moved to Ohio in 1840. He settled in Cincinnati and was employed in the lumber business until 1849. Hill took part on the California Gold Rush but failed to achieve any profit there. He traveled back eastward and settled in Muscatine, Iowa.
Hill was in Iowa when the Civil War began. Hill helped raise the 35th Iowa Volunteer Infantry Regiment, of which he was appointed Colonel on September 18, 1862. For the first several months of its existence the 35th Iowa was on garrison duty in Illinois and Kentucky until being ordered to join the Army of the Tennessee besieging Vicksburg. After the siege of Vicksburg, Colonel Hill assumed command of the 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, XVI Corps (Right Wing), a position he would maintain for much of the remainder of the war. Hill was wounded at the battles of Pleasant Hill and Yellow Bayou in 1864. He returned to regimental command at the Battle of Tupelo but was back in command of the 3rd Brigade during Price's Missouri Raid.
Battle of Nashville
Hill's final engagement came in December 1864 at the Battle of Nashville. On the first day of the battle Hill led his brigade against the Confederates on Montgomery Hill and was killed instantly from artillery fire from Redoubt No. 2. He was posthumously given a brevet promotion to brigadier general for his service at Nashville.
- Hill received the brevet appointment posthumously (Eicher, 2001, p. 297)
- History of Iowa
- Eicher, John H., and David J. Eicher. Civil War High Commands. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2001. ISBN 0-8047-3641-3. p. 297
- 35th Iowa
- Eicher, 2001, p. 748 indicates that President Abraham Lincoln nominated Hill for appointment to the grade of brevet Brigadier General of volunteers on December 12, 1864 to rank from December 15, 1864 and that the U.S. Senate confirmed the appointment on February 14, 1865. The nomination date seems prematurely wrong because the appointment was for gallant and distinguished services in the action of December 15, 1864. Hunt, Roger D. and Jack R. Brown. Brevet Brigadier Generals in Blue. Gaithersburg, MD: Olde Soldier Books, Inc., 1990. ISBN 1-56013-002-4. p. 284. REED, D. W. (1903). Campaigns and battles of the Twelfth Regiment Iowa Veteran Volunteer Infantry from organization, September, 1861, to muster-out, January 20, 1866. p. 197-98. See https://books.google.com/books?id=rYovAAAAYAAJ&q=Col.+Hill#v=snippet&q=%22Col.%20Hill%22&f=false.