Sylvester Turner

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Sylvester Turner
TurnerSylvester.png
62nd Mayor of Houston
Assumed office
January 2, 2016
Preceded by Annise Parker
Member of the Texas House of Representatives from District 139
In office
1989 – January 2, 2016
Preceded by Clint Hackney
Succeeded by Jarvis Johnson
Personal details
Born (1954-09-27) September 27, 1954 (age 62)
Houston, Texas, U.S.
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Cheryl Turner (1983–1991; divorced)
Children Ashley Paige Turner
Residence Houston, Texas
Alma mater University of Houston
Harvard Law School
Occupation Lawyer
Religion Baptist
Website [1]

Sylvester Turner (born September 27, 1954) is an American Democratic politician who is currently Mayor of Houston, Texas and previously served as a member of the Texas House of Representatives from 1989 until 2016. He is Houston's second African American mayor. Turner attended the University of Houston and Harvard Law School.[1] Turner ran for Mayor of Houston in 1991, losing in the runoff election to Bob Lanier. He lost again in 2003, falling in third place and thus missing out on the runoff.[2][3]

On February 20, 2015, Turner announced his candidacy for Houston Mayor in the 2015 election.[4] On October 11, the Houston Chronicle endorsed Sylvester Turner in the mayor's race.[5] On December 12, 2015 he won the runoff election against Bill King by 4,082 votes out of 212,696 votes cast to become the Mayor of Houston in the closest mayoral election in Houston history by percentage.[6]

Early years[edit]

Turner was born on September 27, 1954 in Houston, Texas, as the sixth of nine children, and was raised in the Acres Home community in northwest Houston by his father, a commercial painter, and his mother, a maid at the Rice Hotel.[7] Turner was elected senior class president by his peers and awarded valedictorian of his graduating class from Klein High School.[8] At the University of Houston he was Speaker of the Student Senate and graduated Magna Cum Laude with a B.A. degree in Political Science. In addition, Turner achieved a finalist position in the Ames Moot Court Competition while obtaining a J.D. degree from Harvard Law School. Turner is a member of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity.[9]

Law practice field[edit]

Upon graduating from law school, Turner joined the law firm of Fulbright & Jaworski. In 1983, Turner founded his own law firm, Barnes & Turner. He has served as an adjunct professor at the Thurgood Marshall School of Law, and as a seminar lecturer at the South Texas College of Law and the University of Houston Law School's Continuing Legal Education Programs.[10] Turner was admitted to practice in the State of Texas, federal District Court for the Southern District Court of Texas and the Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals. He is a member of the State Bar of Texas, American Bar Association, National Bar Association, Houston Lawyers Association, and the Houston Bar Association.

Political career[edit]

In 1984, Turner ran for Harris County Commissioner, Precinct 1 in the Democratic primary, but lost to El Franco Lee. Four years later, he was elected to the Texas House of Representatives in House District 139 in Harris County. He remained in office up through 2014. During that time, he ran for mayor of Houston twice (1991, 2003) - losing on both occasions. [2][3]

During his 1991 campaign for Houston mayor, Wayne Dolcefino of Channel 13 made allegations that Turner was involved in an insurance scam, which ultimately cost him the election. Dolcefino and KTRK were sued and the court deemed the allegations "false and defamatory” and "a calculated falsehood." The $5.5 million libel settlement awarded to Turner was reduced to $3.25 million by the presiding judge. KTRK appealed the ruling, which was overturned, along with the case being thrown out, due to the judge's determination that evidence in the trial failed to show legal malice.[11]

Turner served more than 25 years in the Texas House of Representatives, and over the course of his service, he served as a member of the Legislative Budget Board, Vice-Chairman of the House Appropriations Committee, Chairman of the Subcommittee of Articles 1, 4 & 5 (General Government, Judiciary, Public Safety & Criminal Justice) and the House State Affairs Committee. He also chaired the Texas Legislative Black Caucus and the Greater Houston Area Legislative Delegation.[12] Turner has supported policies to attract doctors to underserved areas,[13] proposed a measure increasing state funding for mental health services in Harris County from $32 million to $200 million,[14] and worked to increase funds for legal aid for poor Texans.[15]

Uber[edit]

In 2016, Turner voiced his support for laws regulating Uber and other ridesharing services to protect public safety.[16]

LGBT rights[edit]

In 2015, Turner was named one of the top 10 best members of the Texas House on LGBT issues by Equality Texas with an "A+" rating,[17] after Turner said he had "evolved" on LGBT issues.[18]

Turner, while running against Bill King in the 2015 Houston mayoral runoff election, stated he is "100 percent" committed to reenacting Houston Equal Rights Ordinance (HERO) and attacked Bill King for saying he won't revisit the issue of HERO, along with his support from the Campaign for Houston.[19]

Consumer protections[edit]

In 1999, Turner voted to restructure the electric utility industry in Texas to allow customers of investor-owned utilities to choose their own provider in an attempt to promote retail competition and consumer choice.[20] During his time in the legislature, he has also worked to continue to protect Texans, voting for bills preventing gas companies from cutting off service during freezing temperatures,[21] limiting the amount utility companies could raise rates in order to fund certain projects, such as building electric poles and wires, without first getting approval from state regulators,[22] and authoring legislation that required the Public Utility Commission to conduct cost-benefit analyses of any proposals from utility companies that would add more than $100 million to annual consumer electricity costs.[23] During the 84th session, Turner authored legislation that would prohibit electricity companies from charging customers "minimum usage fees" when they used too little electricity.[24] Turner also voted to allow the Public Utility Commission to issue emergency cease-and-desist orders, without first going to a court, to companies whose actions threaten the state's electricity supply.[25] During the 83rd session, he joined a campaign to encourage low-income Texans to enroll in "LITE-UP Texas", a program "authorized by the Texas Legislature through which participants could reduce the monthly cost of electric service by 82%."[26] In the 84th session, he authored a bill to extend this discount program for another two years, until the end of 2017.[27] He also co-authored a bill to help ensure persons living in multi-family residences are alerted when their electricity bill has not been paid.[28]

Public education[edit]

In 2004, he voted against a measure that would have scaled "back benefits for future public school employees and discourag[ed] early retirement."[29] He was also critical of investment managers for the Teachers Retirement Fund for taking over $8.2 million in bonuses while the state was slashing funding for education and the system's investments continued to struggle.[30] In 2011, Turner voted against a measure that would have implemented a 6 percent cut to education funding for all schools in Texas, a move that equated to a $4 billion education funding cut.[31] As a member of the legislature, Turner voted against a measure that would allow school districts to lower their salaries, implement furlough days,[32] and increase student-teacher classroom ratios.[33] He also opposed a corporate tax break that many believed[who?] would have hurt public school funding.[34]

Health care[edit]

A supporter of the federal Affordable Care Act (ACA), Turner voted against joining the Interstate Health Care Compact, an alternative to traditional ACA participation,[35] and introduced legislation that would expand Medicaid in Texas pursuant to the ACA.[36] Turner warned fellow legislators about the potential backlash from constituents if the state chose not to expand Medicaid, which promised a significant return on the state's investment.[37] One of his major accomplishments in the House was legislation that expanded access to the children's health insurance program, which was passed in 2007.[10] Turner also passed legislation in 2015 that will free up funding for medical trauma care centers, which have not received the full amount of funds designated to be spent specifically on trauma centers. The legislation will bring $25 million to the Greater Houston area over the next two years, including $11 million to Ben Taub and $10 million to the Memorial Hermann.[38] During the 84th Legislature, Turner introduced legislation that would provide care under Medicaid for people with severe and persistent mental illness and who are transitioning from an institution to the community, and who are at risk of institutionalization or re-institutionalization.

Sylvester Turner has long been an advocate for a woman's right to choose. He voted against a measure requiring doctors to perform a sonogram on women seeking an abortion at least 24 hours before the procedures.[39] He has also fought to protect funding for family planning programs and Planned Parenthood.[40] Turner also voted against a Senate version of a measure that banned abortions after 20 weeks and tightened standards on abortion clinics,[41] and also authored an amendment to the bill that would have required the state to pay the costs abortion clinics would incur on the measure to retrofit facilities so they could be certified as surgical centers.[42] In 2013, the El Paso Times described Turner as a "lion of pro-abortion rights."[43]

Criminal justice[edit]

On gun control, Turner opposed measures to limit lawsuits against gun or ammunition manufacturers,[44] allowing concealed handguns on higher education campuses, and rescinding the authority of local governments to ban concealed weapons on public property.[45] He also opposed measures that would reduce the number of training hours required to receive a concealed handgun license.[46] Turner supported a bill that prohibited the use of state funds for the enforcement of federal firearms regulations.[47] He also advocated abandoning the "pick-a-pal system", where judges appoint commissioners who then can pick whoever they want to serve on grand juries.[48]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Rep. Sylvester Turner". Texas House of Representatives. Retrieved 27 March 2014. 
  2. ^ "Our Campaigns – Houston Mayor Race – Nov 04, 2003". Retrieved 13 December 2015. 
  3. ^ Groogan, Greg (1 March 2014). "Sylvester Turner eyes Houston Mayor job". Fox Houston. Retrieved 27 March 2014. 
  4. ^ Cooper, Nakia. "Sylvester Turner announces candidacy for mayor". 
  5. ^ "Sylvester Turner for mayor". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved 11 October 2015. 
  6. ^ Click2Houston http://www.click2houston.com/news/houston-mayoral-results-in-runoff-election. Retrieved 12 December 2015.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  7. ^ Sylvester Turner for Mayor http://www.sylvesterturner.com/about/. Retrieved 14 July 2015.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  8. ^ "The Honorable Sylvester". The History Makers. 
  9. ^ Meeks, Flori (2 August 2006). "Black fraternity has outreach, education as top priorities". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved 18 January 2016. 
  10. ^ a b "The Honorable Sylvester Turner". The History Makers. 
  11. ^ Flynn, George (May 6, 1999). "The Channel 13 Exclusive". Houston Press. Retrieved November 4, 2015. 
  12. ^ Texas House of Representatives http://www.house.state.tx.us/members/member-page/?district=139.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  13. ^ "Governor signs historic physician loan repayment bill". Your Houston News. 
  14. ^ Pinkerton, James. "As mental illness permeates streets, police, jail struggle". Houston Chronicle. 
  15. ^ "Texas Legislature Responds to Need for Increased Legal Aid Funding; Texas Equal Access to Justice Foundation Will Manage Additional $3 Million Appropriated by Legislature". Business Wire. 
  16. ^ Culturemap http://houston.culturemap.com/news/city-life/04-27-16-uber-sues-houston-over-fingerprints-mayor-says-city-will-not-compromise-on-public-safety/. Retrieved 27 April 2015.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  17. ^ Equality Texas http://www.equalitytexas.org/84th-texas-house-scorecard/. Retrieved 14 July 2015.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  18. ^ "Former Anti-Gay Representative Supports full LGBT equality". Texas Observer. 
  19. ^ "100 Percent Committed to a City Without Discrimination". Sylvester Turner. Retrieved 13 December 2015. 
  20. ^ "Texas House Journal" (PDF). 
  21. ^ "Texas House Journal" (PDF). 
  22. ^ Galbraith, Kate. "Bill helps utilities increase rates". Downtown El Paso. 
  23. ^ Pickrell, Emily. "Bill would force agency to consider consumer power costs". 
  24. ^ Malewitz, Jim. "Legislation Would Ban Fees for Conserving Electricity". 
  25. ^ "House gives utility commission emergency powers". Statesman. 
  26. ^ Turner, Sylvester. "Rep. Sylvester Turner urge low-income Texans to enroll in state electricity discount program". Texas House of Representatives. 
  27. ^ Osborne, James. "Electricity assistance for low-income Texans close to reprieve". The Dallas Morning News. 
  28. ^ George, Cindy. "New laws provide more protections for Texas tenants". Houston Chronicle. 
  29. ^ "House Journal" (PDF). 
  30. ^ Hoppe, Christy; Timms, Ed. "Texas teacher pension fund gave more in bonuses than all other state agencies combined, analysis shows". The Dalls Morning News. 
  31. ^ "SB 1811 – Reduces Funding for State Agencies – Key Vote". Vote Smart. 
  32. ^ "SB 8 – Management and Operation of Public Schools – Key Vote". Vote Smart. 
  33. ^ Smith, Morgan. "House Approves Key Education Bills". The Texas Tribune. 
  34. ^ Ficak, Peggy. "House bill grants businesses $667M in tax relief". 
  35. ^ "HB 5 – Interstate Health Care Compact – Key Vote". Vote Smart. 
  36. ^ Aaronson, Becca. "House Panel Debates Medicaid Expansion Proposal". The Texas Tribune. 
  37. ^ "Hearing highlights Medicaid expansion rift". The Statesman. 
  38. ^ "The Honorable Sylvester Turner". The History Makers. 
  39. ^ "HB 15 – Requires an Ultrasound Prior to an Abortion – Key Vote". Vote Smart. 
  40. ^ "SB 7 – Health Care – Key Vote". Vote Smart. 
  41. ^ Grissom, Brandi. "Abortion, Protests, Transportation as Session Nears End". The Texas Tribune. 
  42. ^ Tuma, Mary. "Anti-Abortion Bill Officially Advanced by House". San Antonio Current. 
  43. ^ Schladen, Marty. "Texas state rep Bryan Hughes focused on abortion message". El Paso TImes. 
  44. ^ "The Galveston Daily News from Galveston, Texas • Page 5". The Galveston Daily News. 
  45. ^ "Texas House Journal" (PDF). 
  46. ^ "HB 928 – Prohibits State Funds from Being Used for the Enforcement of Federal Firearm Regulations – Key Vote". Vote Smart. 
  47. ^ "Vote Smart". SB 864 – Reduces Required Hours for Concealed Handgun License Training – Key Vote. 
  48. ^ Barajas, Michael. "Watch Rep. Sylvester Turner's Cri de Coeur for Grand Jury Reform". Houston Press. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Annise Parker
Mayor of Houston
2016–present
Incumbent