Sylvia Fine with husband Danny Kaye, 1945.
|Birth name||Sylvia Fine|
29 August 1913|
Brooklyn, New York, U.S.
28 October 1991 (aged 78)|
Manhattan, New York City, U.S.
Sylvia Fine (August 29, 1913 – October 28, 1991) was an American lyricist, composer, and producer, and the wife of the comedian Danny Kaye. She and her future husband grew up within blocks of each other in Brooklyn, but they did not meet until 1939.
Sylvia Fine was born in Brooklyn, New York, the youngest of three children of a Jewish dentist, and raised in East New York. She attended Thomas Jefferson High School and studied music at Brooklyn College, where she wrote the music for the school's alma mater, with lyrics from the poet Robert Friend.
Career and Danny Kaye
She was working as an audition pianist when she met Danny Kaye; both were working on a short-lived Broadway show. Fine wrote the lyrics and music for it. Although the pair had never met before, they discovered something in common. Kaye had once worked for Fine's father, watching his office while the dentist went to lunch. Dr. Fine had fired his future son-in-law for doing woodworking with his dental drills. They married on January 3, 1940.
She took a direct role in managing her husband's career and wrote many of his songs for him, both in film and recordings. Those for the film The Court Jester were co-written with Sammy Cahn. She was an associate producer of some of the films. Fine received a Peabody Award in 1980, and during her career she was also nominated for two Oscars and two Emmys. She began working in television production with her husband's 1960s television shows.
The New York Times reported, "In the 1970s, [Fine] embarked on a separate career as a television producer and teacher. She began teaching musical comedy at the University of Southern California in 1971 and at Yale in 1975.
In 1979, she produced and narrated the course as a 90-minute PBS programme, Musical Comedy Tonight (eventually a three part series), which won a Peabody Award. In 1975 she was executive producer for a television special, "Danny Kaye: Look in at the Met."
She produced and edited Assignment Children, a UNICEF film that starred her husband." In the last three years of her life, she had been writing an autobiography, Fine and Danny, about her life with Kaye for Knopf Books.
Fine and Kaye had a daughter, Dena (born December 17, 1946), and they separated in 1947. They blamed their separation on "two people working very hard."  They remained married until his death in 1987.
Sylvia Fine Kaye died of emphysema at the age of 78 in her Manhattan apartment in 1991. She is buried with her husband at Kensico Cemetery in Valhalla, New York. In 1992, her daughter Dena Kaye was quoted in a newspaper article, recalling Fine's advice to her and the influence it had in her life.
Both Fine and Kaye were determined not to influence their daughter's choices as she grew up. In a 1954 interview, Kaye stated that "Whatever she (Dena) wants to be she will be without interference from her mother nor from me." Dena grew up to become a journalist.
The careers of Fine and Kaye are immortalized in The Danny Kaye and Sylvia Fine Collection at the Library of Congress. The materials preserved in the collection include manuscripts, scores, scripts, photographs, sound recordings, and video clips.
Selected list of Sylvia Fine songs
- "Anatole of Paris" from The Secret Life of Walter Mitty (1947)
- "The Inspector General" and "Happy Times" (Johnny Green, Sylvia Fine) from The Inspector General (1949)
- "The Moon Is Blue" (Herschel Burke Gilbert, Sylvia Fine) from The Moon Is Blue (1953) - Oscar nominee, Best Original Song
- "Knock on Wood" from Knock on Wood (1954)
- "(You'll Never) Outfox the Fox" (Sammy Cahn, Sylvia Fine) from The Court Jester (1956)
- "The Five Pennies" from The Five Pennies (1959) - Oscar nominee, Best Original Song 
- "Lullaby in Ragtime," also from The Five Pennies, a sumptuous song that fulfills both its title words, and which Barbara Cook turned into a standard
- "Sylvia Fine". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved December 1, 2010.
- "A team grew in Brooklyn". The Dispatch. April 25, 1975. Retrieved March 10, 2011.
- Boyle, Hal (August 27, 1959). "Composer Sylvia Fine Can Write Anywhere Anytime". The Sunday News-Press. Retrieved November 27, 2010.
- Hyman, Paula E.; Moore, Deborah Dash, eds. (1997). Jewish Women in America: An Historical Encyclopedia, Vol. 1: A-L. Routledge. p. 880. ISBN 0-415-91934-7. Retrieved March 11, 2011.
- "Movie producer, songwriter Sylvia Fine Kaye dies at 78". Daily News. 29 October 1991. Retrieved 27 November 2010.
- Jaynes, Gregory (14 May 1988). "About New York; Noteworthy Improvement On School Song". New York Times. Retrieved 27 November 2010.
- "Who Is Sylvia?". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. 30 October 1960. Retrieved 18 January 2011.
- Battelle, Phyllis (May 8, 1959). "Mrs. Danny Kaye Proves a Genius". The Milwaukee Sentinel.
- "Kaye at the Met". The Evening News. April 25, 1975. Retrieved November 27, 2010.
- Adir, Karen, ed. (2001). The Great Clowns of American Television. McFarland & Company. p. 270. ISBN 0-7864-1303-4. Retrieved January 18, 2011.
- "Git Gat Gittle". Time. March 11, 1946. Retrieved January 14, 2011.
- Wilson, Earl (July 2, 1959). "It Happened Last Night". The Morning Herald. p. 4. Retrieved January 8, 2017 – via Newspapers.com.
- Raymer, Dorothy (November 6, 1945). "Who Is Sylvia? What Is She?-Danny Kaye's Inspiration". The Miami News.
- Hyams, Joe (16 February 1960). "Film Lyricist Sylvia Fine Top Hand With a Rhyme". The Montreal Gazette. Retrieved 27 November 2010.
- Wilson, Earl (July 4, 1959). "It Happened Last Night". Sarasota Herald-Tribune. Retrieved January 18, 2011.
- Brady, Thomas F. (13 November 1947). "Danny Kaye Film Set at Warner's". The Montreal Gazette. Retrieved 18 January 2011.
- Morehouse, Rebecca (July 23, 1979). "Her Life Is O-Kaye". The Deseret News. Retrieved March 10, 2011.
- "Sylvia Fine Kaye's 'Musical Comedy Tonight'". The Evening Independent. February 11, 1981. Retrieved November 27, 2010.
- "Mudd, Trout Win Peabody Awards". The Milwaukee Journal. April 20, 1980.
- Sharbutt, Jay (April 24, 1975). "Danny Kaye's 'Look In' A Delightful Program". Lewsiton Evening Journal. Retrieved January 15, 2011.
- Grimes, William (October 29, 1991). "Sylvia Fine Kaye, 78, Songwriter; A Proponent of Musical Theater". The New York Times. Retrieved January 15, 2011.
- Cheney, Carlton (October 26, 1947). "The Secret Life of Danny Kaye". The Milwaukee Journal.
- Handsaker, Gene (December 11, 1947). "Like Peas in Pod Are Film Married Duos". The Deseret News. Retrieved January 18, 2011.
- Nemy, Enid (March 15, 1992). "Mother's Words Are Never Forgotten". Gadsden Times. Retrieved March 10, 2011.
- Perry, Lawrence (May 9, 1954). "Danny Kaye Looks At Life". The Milwaukee Journal.
- Boyd, Joseph G. (May 23, 1980). "Travel writer attends party saluting hotel". The Milwaukee Sentinel.
- Moody, Nekesa Mumbi (2013-03-29). "On 100th anniversary of Danny Kaye's birth, daughter Dena seeks to spread his legacy". Times Colonist. Retrieved 2017-11-12.
- "The Danny Kaye and Sylvia Fine Collection: About the Collection". American Memory. The Library of Congress. Retrieved July 13, 2016.
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