|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from Texas's 29th district
|Assumed office |
January 3, 2019
|Preceded by||Gene Green|
|Member of the Texas Senate|
from the 6th district
March 11, 2013 – November 9, 2018
|Preceded by||Mario Gallegos Jr.|
|Succeeded by||Carol Alvarado|
|Harris County Commissioner from Precinct 2|
January 1, 2003 – January 1, 2011
|Preceded by||Jim Fontento|
|Succeeded by||Jack Morman|
|12th City Controller of Houston|
January 2, 1998 – January 1, 2003
|Preceded by||Lloyd Kelly|
|Succeeded by||Judy Gray Johnson|
Sylvia Rodriguez Garcia
September 6, 1950
San Diego, Texas, U.S.
|Education||Texas Woman's University (BA)|
Texas Southern University (JD)
Sylvia Rodriguez Garcia (born September 6, 1950) is an American lawyer and politician who has been serving as the U.S. representative for Texas's 29th congressional district since 2019. Her district covers much of eastern Houston. A member of the Democratic Party, she previously represented the 6th district in the Texas Senate.
Early life and education
Sylvia Rodriguez Garcia was born in San Diego, Texas, and raised in Palito Blanco in west central Jim Wells County, the daughter of Luis and Antonia Rodriguez Garcia. She is the eighth of ten children. Her family are Mexican Americans.
After graduating from Ben Bolt-Palito Blanco High School, Garcia attended Texas Woman's University on a scholarship. She graduated with a degree in social work and began a career as a social worker. She later received her Doctor of Jurisprudence degree from Texas Southern University Thurgood Marshall School of Law.
Early political career
City of Houston
Garcia was elected to the Harris County Commissioner's Court in 2002. She was the first woman and first Latina elected to that post in her own right. Her precinct featured a major base of operations for NASA, the nation's largest petrochemical complex, the Houston Ship Channel and the Port of Houston, the sixth largest port in the world.
Garcia took the oath of office for state senator on March 11, 2013. She served on the Criminal Justice, Intergovernmental Relations, Natural Resources and Economic Development, and Transportation committees. Garcia ran unopposed in the 2016 general election.
U. S. House of Representatives
While still serving as a municipal judge, Garcia ran in the Democratic primary for the newly created 29th congressional seat in 1992. She finished third in the five-way primary—the real contest in this heavily Democratic, Latino-majority district—behind City Councilman Ben Reyes and State Senator Gene Green. Green won the runoff and held the seat for 26 years.
Green announced his retirement in November 2017, and Garcia—who by then held the state senate seat Green once held—entered a crowded seven-way Democratic primary. The district was still a Democratic stronghold, and it was taken for granted that whoever won the primary would be overwhelmingly favored in November. Garcia got a significant boost when Green endorsed her, saying, "she's a legislator, and that's what a member of Congress should be." She won the primary with 63% of the vote. Her Republican opponent, Phillip Aronoff, used the sexual harassment and wrongful termination allegations against Garcia. Garcia handily won the November 6 general election. She and Veronica Escobar became the first Latina congresswomen from Texas, and Garcia is the first woman to represent the district. Garcia is also the first Hispanic to represent a significant portion of Houston in Congress.
Garcia won reelection in 2020.
- Committee on Armed Services
- Committee on Financial Services
- Committee on the Judiciary
- Congressional Hispanic Caucus
- Congressional Progressive Caucus
- Congressional Pro-Choice Caucus 
- Congressional Mental Health Caucus
- Congressional Social Work Caucus
- Congressional Diabetes Caucus
- Adoption Caucus
- Congressional Bipartisan HBCU Caucus 
|Democratic||Augustine H. Reyes||524||2.8|
|Democratic||Dominique Michelle Garcia||472||2.6|
|Independent||Johnathan Garza (write-in)||9||0.0|
|Democratic||Sylvia Garcia (incumbent)||111,305||71.1%|
Garcia supports the Equality Act, a bill that would expand the federal Civil Rights Act of 1964 to ban discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity. She voted for it in 2019.
- List of Hispanic/Latino American jurists
- List of Hispanic and Latino Americans in the United States Congress
- Women in the United States House of Representatives
- https://lrl.texas.gov/scanned/members/general/Garcia_Sylvia_resignation_letter.pdf[bare URL PDF]
- "Schedule a for ALL Line #'s". Archived from the original on 2019-06-23. Retrieved 2019-06-23.
- "GARCIA, Sylvia - Biographical Information". Archived from the original on 2019-04-03. Retrieved 2019-06-23.
- José Angel Gutiérrez. Oral History Interview with Sylvia García, 1999 Archived 2018-12-21 at the Wayback Machine
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- "TMSL Alumni". Texas Southern University. Archived from the original on 2012-06-03.
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- "Sylvia Garcia Defeats Alvarado in Senate Runoff". News 92 FM. Archived from the original on 2013-03-05.
- "Sylvia Garcia, newest state senator, sworn in". KXAN. Archived from the original on 2013-03-14.
- "Texas Senators". State of Texas. Archived from the original on 2017-04-25. Retrieved 2017-04-24.
- "Texas 6th District State Senate Results: Sylvia Garcia Wins". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 8 January 2017. Retrieved 7 January 2017.
- "1992 congressional primary". Archived from the original on 2018-03-08. Retrieved 2018-03-08.
- Shay, Miya (2018-03-06). "Senator Garcia expected to take Congressman Gene Green's seat in Congress". KTRK-TV. Archived from the original on 2018-03-07. Retrieved 2018-03-08.
- "2018 congressional primary". Archived from the original on 2018-03-08. Retrieved 2018-03-08.
- "Sexual Misconduct Allegations Against Sen. Sylvia Garcia - Full Video Release". Aronoff for Congress. Retrieved 2018-11-20.
- "Veronica Escobar is closer to making House history in Texas". Elpasotimes.com. Retrieved April 27, 2018.
- "Veronica Escobar on path to make Latina, Texas history after Congress primary victory". khou.com. March 12, 2018. Archived from the original on April 28, 2018. Retrieved April 27, 2018.
- Wilkie, Christina (2020-01-15). "Pelosi taps Schiff, Nadler and 5 others as Trump impeachment managers". CNBC. Archived from the original on 2020-01-15. Retrieved 2020-01-15.
- "Caucus Members". Congressional Progressive Caucus. Retrieved 2021-03-29.
- "Caucus Members". Congressional Pro-Choice Caucus.
- "Congressional HBCU Caucus Gets Five New Members". Congressional HBCU Caucus Gets Five New Members.
- "2018 Primary Election Official Results". Texas Secretary of State. Archived from the original on March 7, 2018. Retrieved March 8, 2018.
- "Texas Election Results". Texas Secretary of State. Archived from the original on March 31, 2019. Retrieved December 5, 2018.
- "House Debate on the Equality Act". C-SPAN. May 17, 2019. Archived from the original on August 4, 2019. Retrieved January 27, 2020.
- "Final Vote Results for Roll Call 217". Archived from the original on 2019-05-17. Retrieved 2019-05-18.