Sylvia Hanika

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Sylvia Hanika
Country (sports)  West Germany (1959- 1990)
 Germany(1990- present)
Residence La Manga, Spain
Born (1959-11-30) 30 November 1959 (age 56)
Munich, West Germany
Height 1.73 m (5 ft 8 in)
Turned pro 1977
Retired 1990
Plays Left-handed (one handed-backhand)
Prize money US$ 454,347
Singles
Career record 378–223
Career titles 6
Highest ranking No. 5 (12 September 1983)
Grand Slam Singles results
Australian Open QF (1983)
French Open F (1981)
Wimbledon 4R (1982, 1987)
US Open QF (1979, 1981, 1983, 1984)
Other tournaments
Tour Finals W (1982)
Doubles
Career record 47–48
Career titles 1
Highest ranking No. 92 (14 August 1989)

Sylvia Hanika (born 30 November 1959) is a former professional tennis player from Germany. She is best remembered for finishing runner-up at the French Open in 1981, and for winning the Year End Championships in 1982. She was ranked as high as No. 5 in the world and played left-handed.

Career[edit]

Hanika turned professional in 1977. In 1981, Hanika reached the women's singles final at the French Open, where she was defeated 6–2, 6–4 by Hana Mandlíková.

In 1982, Hanika posted the biggest win of her career when she defeated world No. 2 Martina Navratilova 1–6, 6–3, 6–4 in the final of the Avon Series Championships at Madison Square Garden in New York City. The Garden was also the site of Hanika's last big singles win: a 6–4 6–4 defeat of No. 3 Chris Evert in the first round of the Virginia Slims Championships in 1987.

Hanika won her final top-level singles title in Athens in 1986. She retired from the tour in 1990, having won six professional singles titles and one doubles title.

Between serves she was known to bounce the ball more than anyone tennis commentator and historian Bud Collins remembers: ". . . as many as into the 30s. If she faulted on the first, it was awful, another 30 or so bounces."[1]

Major finals[edit]

Grand Slam final[edit]

Singles: 1 (0 titles, 1 runner–up)[edit]

Outcome Year Championship Surface Opponent Score
Runner-up 1981 French Open Clay Czechoslovakia Hana Mandlíková 6–2, 6–4

Year-End Championships final[edit]

Singles: 1 (1 title, 0 runners-up)[edit]

Outcome Year Location Surface Opponent Score
Winner 1982 New York City Carpet (I) United States Martina Navratilova 1–6, 6–3, 6–4

WTA Career Finals[edit]

Singles: 24 (6–18)[edit]

Winner — Legend
Grand Slam tournaments (0–1)
WTA Tour Championships (1–0)
Tier I (0–0)
Tier II (0–0)
Tier III (0–0)
Tier IV (0–0)
Tier V (0–2)
Virginia Slims, Avon, Other (6–15)
Titles by Surface
Hard (0–2)
Grass (0–1)
Clay (2–7)
Carpet (4–8)
Outcome No. Date Tournament Surface Opponent Score
Runner-up 1. 17 July 1978 Båstad Clay Netherlands Elly Appel-Vessies 2–6, 4–6
Runner-up 2. 24 July 1978 Kitzbühel Clay Romania Virginia Ruzici 4–6, 3–6
Runner-up 3. 20 November 1978 Christchurch Grass Czechoslovakia Regina Maršíková 2–6, 1–6
Winner 1. 22 January 1979 Boise Carpet (I) United States Sherry Acker 6–3, 6–2
Runner-up 4. 7 May 1979 Rome Clay United States Tracy Austin 4–6, 6–1, 3–6
Runner-up 5. 18 July 1979 Kitzbühel Clay Czechoslovakia Hana Mandlíková 6–2, 5–7, 3–6
Runner-up 6. 19 January 1981 Cincinnati Carpet (I) Czechoslovakia Martina Navratilova 2–6, 4–6
Winner 2. 23 February 1981 Seattle Carpet (I) United States Barbara Potter 6–2, 6–4
Runner-up 7. 25 May 1981 French Open Clay Czechoslovakia Hana Mandlíková 2–6, 4–6
Runner-up 8. 13 July 1981 Kitzbühel Clay West Germany Claudia Kohde-Kilsch 5–7, 6–7
Winner 3. 20 July 1981 Monte Carlo Clay Czechoslovakia Hana Mandlíková 2–6, 6–3, 5–6 ab.
Runner-up 9. 1 March 1982 Los Angeles Carpet (I) Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Mima Jaušovec 2–6, 6–7(4–7)
Winner 4. 24 March 1982 Avon Championships Carpet (I) United States Martina Navratilova 1–6, 6–3, 6–4
Runner-up 10. 3 January 1983 Washington Carpet (I) United States Martina Navratilova 1–6, 1–6
Runner-up 11. 10 January 1983 Houston Carpet (I) United States Martina Navratilova 3–6, 6–7(5–7)
Runner-up 12. 21 February 1983 Oakland Carpet (I) West Germany Bettina Bunge 3–6, 3–6
Runner-up 13. 14 March 1983 Boston Carpet (I) Australia Wendy Turnbull 4–6, 6–3, 4–6
Runner-up 14. 26 September 1983 Hartford Carpet (I) United States Kim Shaefer 4–6, 3–6
Winner 5. 22 October 1984 Brighton Carpet (I) United States JoAnne Russell 6–3, 1–6, 6–2
Winner 6. 15 September 1986 Athens Clay Greece Angelikí Kanellopoúlou 7–5, 6–1
Runner-up 15. 9 February 1987 San Francisco Carpet (I) United States Zina Garrison 5–7, 6–4, 3–6
Runner-up 16. 24 August 1987 Mahwah Hard Bulgaria Manuela Maleeva 6–1, 4–6, 1–6
Runner-up 17. 29 February 1988 Wichita Hard (I) Bulgaria Manuela Maleeva 6–7(5–7), 5–7
Runner-up 18. 18 July 1988 Aix-en-Provence Clay Austria Judith Wiesner 1–6, 2–6

Doubles: 3 (1–2)[edit]

Winner — Legend
Grand Slam tournaments (0–0)
WTA Tour Championships (0–0)
Tier I (0–0)
Tier II (0–0)
Tier III (0–0)
Tier IV (0–0)
Tier V (1–0)
Virginia Slims, Avon, Other (0–2)
Titles by Surface
Hard (1–0)
Grass (0–1)
Clay (0–0)
Carpet (0–1)
Outcome No. Date Tournament Surface Partner Opponents Score
Runner-up 1. 20 November 1978 Christchurch Grass West Germany Katja Ebbinghaus Australia Lesley Hunt
United States Sharon Walsh
1–6, 5–7
Runner-up 2. 21 January 1980 Chicago Carpet (I) United States Kathy Jordan United States Billie Jean King
Czechoslovakia Martina Navratilova
3–6, 4–6
Winner 1. 28 November 1988 Adelaide Hard West Germany Claudia Kohde-Kilsch United States Lori McNeil
Czechoslovakia Jana Novotná
7–5, 6–7(4–7), 6–4

Grand Slam singles performance timeline[edit]

Key
W  F  SF QF R# RR Q# A NH
(W) Won tournament; reached (F) final, (SF) semifinal, (QF) quarterfinal; (R#) rounds 4, 3, 2, 1; competed at a (RR) round-robin stage; reached a (Q#) qualification round; (A) absent from tournament; or (NH) tournament not held.
Tournament 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 Career SR
Australian Open A A A A 3R A A QF 2R A NH 4R 4R 1R A 0 / 6
French Open A 1R 1R 3R F 2R 3R 3R 4R 1R 4R 4R 4R 2R 0 / 13
Wimbledon A 2R 3R 2R 1R 4R 3R 1R 2R 1R 4R 3R 1R A 0 / 12
US Open A 1R QF 3R QF A QF QF 3R 2R 4R 3R 3R 2R 0 / 12
SR 0 / 0 0 / 3 0 / 3 0 / 4 0 / 3 0 / 2 0 / 4 0 / 4 0 / 3 0 / 3 0 / 4 0 / 4 0 / 4 0 / 2 0 / 43
Year-end Ranking 118 35 16 14 6 10 5 17 21 50 14 17 41 125

SR = the ratio of the number of Grand Slam singles tournaments won to the number of those tournaments played.

Note: The Australian Open was held twice in 1977, in January and December.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Strange Habits of Highly Successful Tennis Players" by Christopher Clarey, 21 June 2008 in The New York Times.

External links[edit]