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|Industry||Business Software & Services|
|Fate||Acquired by Nokia Corporation|
|Defunct||2 December 2008|
|Juha Christensen, Colly Myers, David Levin, Nigel Clifford|
Number of employees
Symbian Ltd. was a software development and licensing company, known for the Symbian OS, a smartphone operating system, and other related technologies. Its headquarters were in Southwark, London, England, with other offices opened in Cambridge UK, Sweden, Silicon Valley, Japan, India, China, South Korea, Sydney Australia.
It was established on 24 June 1998 as a partnership between Nokia, Ericsson, Motorola, Sony and Psion to exploit the convergence between PDAs and mobile phones. Ten years to the day after it was established, on 24 June 2008, Nokia announced that they intended to acquire the shares that they did not already own, at a cost of €264 million. On the same day the Symbian Foundation was announced, with the aim to "provide royalty-free software and accelerate innovation", and the pledged contribution of the Symbian OS and user interfaces.
The acquisition of Symbian Ltd. by Nokia was completed on 2 December 2008, at which point all Symbian employees became Nokia employees. Transfer of relevant Symbian Software Ltd. leases, trademarks and domain names from Nokia to the Symbian Foundation was completed in April 2009.
Symbian Ltd formerly developed and licensed Symbian OS, an operating system for advanced 2.5G and 3G mobile phones. User interface layers were provided by third parties. These included Series 60, Series 80 and Series 90 by Nokia, UIQ from UIQ Technology and MOAP(S) for NTT DoCoMo.
All three interfaces, as well as the OS, are now owned and maintained by the Symbian Foundation.
The company's founder shareholders were Psion, Nokia, Ericsson and Motorola. Motorola sold its stake in the company to Psion and Nokia in September 2003. Psion's stake was bought by Nokia, Matsushita, Siemens AG and Sony Ericsson in July 2004.
Much of Symbian's initial intellectual property came from the software arm of Psion PLC.
Licensees of Symbian's operating system were:
Symbian Ltd's CEO at the time of acquisition was Nigel Clifford. Previous CEOs included David Levin, who left in 2005 to head United Business Media PLC, and the founding CEO, Colly Myers, who left the company in 2002 to found IssueBits, the company behind SMS information service Any Question Answered (AQA).
- "Symbian Ltd". BusinessWeek. Retrieved 26 July 2009.
- "Nokia to acquire Symbian Limited to enable evolution of the leading open mobile platform". Nokia. 24 June 2008. Retrieved 26 July 2009.
- "Mobile leaders to unify the Symbian software platform and set the future of mobile free". Nokia. 24 June 2008. Retrieved 26 July 2009.
- "Nokia acquires Symbian Limited". Nokia. Retrieved 10 June 2015.
- "Can you feel it?". Symbian Blog. Symbian Foundation. 2 April 2009. Retrieved 26 July 2009.
- Prodhan, Georgina (17 July 2009). "Accenture to buy Symbian services unit from Nokia". Reuters. Retrieved 26 July 2009.
- Kawamoto, Dawn (23 August 2003). "Motorola to sell off its Symbian stake". CNet News. CNet. Retrieved 26 July 2009.
- Cripps, Tony (8 July 2004). "Symbian's Autonomy Assured as Owners Split Psion Stake". Computergram International. Retrieved 26 July 2009.
- "Nigel Clifford". LinkedIn. Retrieved 26 July 2009.
- Lettice, John (15 February 2002). "Symbian CEO Myers exits suddenly". The Register. Retrieved 26 July 2009.
- Orlowski, Andrew (21 July 2004). "Symbian founder on mobile past, present and future". The Register. Retrieved 26 July 2009.
Update: Symbian link found here does not exist anymore