Symbols of Alberta

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Flag of Alberta.svg

Alberta is one of Canada's provinces, and has established several official emblems that reflect the province's history, its natural and diverse landscapes, and its people.[1]

Official symbols of Alberta[edit]

Symbol Image Adopted Remarks
Coat of arms Coat of arms of Alberta
Coat of arms of Alberta
1907; augmented July 30, 1980 Granted to Alberta by Royal Warrant[1]
Motto Fortis et liber
Strong and free
Motto of Alberta
July 30, 1980 Granted with other elements of the coat of arms;[1] A reference to the fifth line of O Canada.
Provincial shield Provincial shield of Alberta
Shield of arms of Alberta
September 2013 The shield of the coat of arms was adopted as a separate official emblem known as the provincial shield in September 2013.[1]
Colours Blue and gold          The colours can be found on the flag and on other provincial insignia
Flag Flag of Alberta
June 1, 1968
Tree Lodgepole pine
(Pinus contorta latifolia)
Lodgepole pine
May 30, 1984 due to the efforts of the Junior Forest Warden Association of Alberta. It was used in the early 1900s for the production of railway ties, and is as a resource for the production of poles, posts, pulp and plywood in Alberta's forestry industry.
Floral Wild rose
(Rosa acicularis)
Wild rose
1930[2] It grows in almost all regions of the province.
Grass Rough fescue
(Festuca scabrella)
April 30, 2003, due to the efforts of the Prairie Conservation Forum.
Stone Petrified wood
Petrified wood
1977, due to the efforts of the Alberta Federation of Rock Clubs. Of Cretaceous and Paleocene ages, it is often found in gravel pits in Alberta.
Gemstone Ammolite
2004[3] Made from fossilized shells and Southern Alberta is the only known location where it reaches gem quality levels.
Mammal Bighorn sheep
(Ovis canadensis)
Bighorn sheep
August 18, 1989 It is primarily found in the Canadian Rockies.
Fish Bull trout
(Salvelinus confluentus)
Bull trout
May 2, 1995 Catch and release policy regulates all bull trout fishing in Alberta.
Bird Great horned owl
(Bubo virginianus)
Great horned owl
May 3, 1977 by a province-wide children’s vote[2] It is found throughout Alberta in forests and grasslands.[4]
Tartan Green, gold, blue, pink and black
Tartan of Alberta.png
1961 due to the efforts of the Edmonton Rehabilitation Society for the Handicapped. For forests, wheat fields, skies and lakes, wild rose and coal and petroleum respectively.
Alberta Dress Tartan Alberta Tartan with large sections of white, a symbol of Alberta’s clean and bright snowy days.
Alberta Dress Tartan.jpg
2000 It can be worn for dancing, special occasions and formal attire.
Anthem "Alberta" May 2001 Written by Mary Kieftenbeld.
Logo The provincial signature 2009
Alberta wordmark
2009 Introduced as part of Brand Alberta.
Logo The provincial wordmark 1972
Alberta wordmark
1972[5] Used by Executive Council of Alberta as well as the Legislative Assembly of Alberta on all official documents. It uses a specific typeface, and is also showcased on signs such as highway markers. Still in use.
Logo The provincial wordmark 1960s
Alberta wordmark
Mace The Mace of Alberta
The Mace of Alberta.jpg
It replaced the old version on February 9, 1956. It is the symbol of the authority of the Legislative Assembly. It is a ceremonial staff carried by the Sergeant-at-Arms into the Chamber.[7] It was designed by L.B. Blain in Edmonton, and built by English silversmith Joseph Fray in Birmingham.
Francophone flag Franco-Albertan flag
Drapeau franco-albertain
Drapeau franco-albertain.tif
June 24, 2017 Adopted by the Association canadienne-française de l'Alberta (French-Canadian Association of Alberta) in March 1982 after winning a contest sponsored by Francophonie jeunesse de l'Alberta (Francophone Youth of Alberta). On June 14, 2017, Alberta's French Policy officially recognized the flag as a "Symbol of Distinction under the Emblems of Alberta Act".[8]

De facto symbols[edit]

While not officially adopted as emblems by the provincial government of Alberta, these places and things are popularly associated with (hence could be considered symbols of) the province.

Symbol Image Remarks
Building Alberta Legislative Building
Edmonton leg.jpg
It is the seat of the Legislative Assembly of Alberta.
Fungus Leccinum boreale (red cap mushroom)
Red cap mushroom
It will not be law unless an amendment is introduced to the Emblems of Alberta Act, as proposed in 2009.[9]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d Government of Alberta. "Emblems of Alberta". Retrieved 2014-02-07.
  2. ^ a b Legislative Assembly of Alberta (2006). "The Emblems of Alberta". Archived from the original on 2006-12-06. Retrieved 2007-02-09.
  3. ^ "Ammolite". Alberta Geological Survey. Retrieved 13 September 2019.
  4. ^ Comox School district. "Alberta". Retrieved 2007-02-09.
  5. ^ Government of Alberta. "Symbols of Alberta" (PDF). Retrieved 2008-06-01.
  6. ^
  7. ^ Legislative Assembly of Alberta. "Symbols and Ceremonies: The Mace and the Black Rod". Archived from the original on 2006-10-05. Retrieved 2007-02-14.
  8. ^ Alberta, Government of. "Header and Footer". Retrieved 2017-06-16.
  9. ^