Symbols of Tamil Eelam

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Tamil Eelam
NamePuli Kodi ("Tiger flag")
UseNational flag and ensign
AdoptedNovember 21, 1990
DesignAn emblem depicting a tiger jumping through a circle of bullets, with crossed bayonets on a red background

The flag of Tamil Eelam was designated as the national flag of the aspirational state in 1990. The Tiger symbol of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) was created in 1977, differentiating it from the LTTE's emblem by leaving out the letters inscribing the movement's name.[1][2] In 2005, the LTTE released a guide providing instructions and explaining the correct usage of the Tamil Eelam Flag. The guide written in Tamil specifies the regulations for flying alone or with national flags of other countries, and for general handling of the flag.[3][4][5] The flag has four colours: yellow, red, black, and white. It is banned in Sri Lanka and is used by Tamil Eelam and LTTE supporters around the world.[6][7][8][9][10]

Symbolic meaning[edit]

Tiger symbol[edit]

Supporters of the LTTE in Sydney flying the flag.

The jumping tiger was adopted from the emblem of the Chola Empire, it should reflect the martial history (Veera varalaru) and the national upheaval of the Tamils.[11] The national flag is the symbol of the independent state of Tamil Eelam to be created, rooted in the martial traditions (Veera marapuhal) of the Tamils," LTTE organ Viduthalai Puligal said in its February 1991 issue.

Crossed bayonets and circle[edit]

Vellupillai Prabhakaran himself mentioned in a Tamil interview the circle and crossed bayonets represent the armed resistance and were based on the historical shield with crossed swords flag of Pandara Vanniyan.[12] The circle sometimes considered to be a "Uthaya Suriyan" (rising sun) which is a symbol of Sri Lankan Tamils and earlier political movements. The LTTE leader was often compared to Pandara Vanniyan of Vannimai, because both had a similar fate. Pandara Vanniyan was a freedom fighter during the British colonial era in Sri Lanka.[13]

The use of the flag of Tamil Eelam in public was controversial in other countries, such as Canada, due to the depiction of the bayonets as it was believed it indirectly promoted violence. Supporters of the flag pointed out that the flag of Sri Lanka depicts a lion carrying a sword.

33 bullets[edit]

The bullets symbolise the historical 33 years between 1948 - 1981 (oppression the Tamil population by the Sri Lankan government before the outbreak of Sri Lankan Civil War) or 1976-2009 (LTTE operated 33 years in Sri Lanka).[14]

  • 11 bullets on the left
  • 11 bullets on the right
  • 11 bullets at the top
  • total: 33 bullets


Flag of the Tamil Democrats with the traditional colors of Tamil Eelam

Four aspects of ideals and mission of Tamil Eelam represented by the four colours are detailed in the published guide book.

The yellow signifies that Tamils' aspiration to freely govern themselves in their own homeland is a fundamental political and human right. The colour expresses the righteousness of Tamil struggle and reinforces Tamil Nation's will to uphold moral highground during its path towards freedom.

The red represents the realisation that freedom is not complete by establishment of a separate state of Tamil Eelam. Distinctions of caste and class should be abolished. Egalitarianism should become their spiritual principle. Gender equality should permeate Tamil society. The revolutionary changes necessary to spread social justice represented by these principles are reflected by this colour.

The black reminds that march towards freedom is wrought with dangers, death and destruction, that is filled with pain and misery. It signifies determination and resoluteness vital to withstand the adversities and build the new nation of Tamil Eelam, to provide security and to defend the borders.

The white demands purity, honesty and selflessness from the leaders and citizens of Tamil Eelam.

National anthem[edit]

Hymne: Eruthu Paar Kodi

Eruthu Paar Kodi (Look the Flag is Rising) is a Tamil song, written by Puthuvai Rathinathurai,[15] sung at the hoisting of the Flag of Tamil Eelam.[16] As the most widely used song of the Tamils, it was used in the place of a national anthem by the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam.[17][18] The song was written during the Sri Lankan Civil War.[19]


The song praises the flag and describes the pride of Tamil Eelam army

ஏறுதுபார் கொடி (Tamil) ēṟutupār koṭi ISO 15919

ஏறுதுபார் கொடி ஏறுது பார்
ஏறுதுபார் கொடி ஏறுது பார் – இங்கு
ஏறுதுபார் கொடி ஏறுது பார் – தமிழ்

ஈழத்தின் வேதனை தீர்த்தகொடி – எட்டுத்
திக்கிலும் மானத்தைச் சேர்த்தகொடி
காலத்தை வென்றுமே நின்றகொடி – புலி
காட்டியபாதையில் சென்ற கொடி

செக்க நிறத்திலே வேங்கை நடுவிலே
சீறிடும் கொடியிது – தமிழ்
மக்களைக் காத்த நம்மானமா வீரரை
வாழ்த்திடும் கொடியிது – புலி
வீரத்தின் கொடியிது – மா
வீரனின் கொடியிது (ஏறுதுபார்)

எத்தனை எத்தனை வேங்கைகள் ரத்தத்தில்
ஏறிய கொடியிது – பெரும்
சத்திய வேள்வியில் செந்தமிழ் மீதினில்
சாற்றிய கொடியிது – தமிழ்
ஈழத்தின் கொடியிது – புலி
ஏந்திய கொடியிது (ஏறுதுபார்)

சாதிகள் சண்டைகள் சாய்த்து விழுத்திய
சாதனைக் கொடியிது – சங்கு
ஊதி முழங்கிட ஊர்மனை யாவிலும்
உலவிய கொடியிது – சம
தர்மத்தின் கொடியிது – எங்கள்
தாயவள் கொடியிது – (ஏறுதுபார்)

ஆயிரமாயிரம் பேரென வேங்கைகள்
ஆக்கிய கொடியிது – பிர
பாகரன் என்றிடும் காவிய நாயகன்
போற்றிடும் கொடியிது – தமிழ்த்
தேசத்தின் கொடியிது – எங்கள்
தேசியக் கொடியிது (ஏறுதுபார்)

ēṟutupār koṭi ēṟutu pār
ēṟutupār koṭi ēṟutu pār – iṅku
ēṟutupār koṭi ēṟutu pār – tamiḻ

īḻattiṉ vētaṉai tīrttakoṭi – eṭṭut
tikkilum māṉattaic cērttakoṭi
kālattai veṉṟumē niṉṟakoṭi – puli
kāṭṭiyapātaiyil ceṉṟa koṭi

cekka niṟattilē vēṅkai naṭuvilē
cīṟiṭum koṭiyitu – tamiḻ
makkaḷaik kātta nammāṉamā vīrarai
vāḻttiṭum koṭiyitu – puli
vīrattiṉ koṭiyitu – mā
vīraṉiṉ koṭiyitu (ēṟutupār)

ettaṉai ettaṉai vēṅkaikaḷ rattattil
ēṟiya koṭiyitu – perum
cattiya vēḷviyil centamiḻ mītiṉil
cāṟṟiya koṭiyitu – tamiḻ
īḻattiṉ koṭiyitu – puli
ēntiya koṭiyitu (ēṟutupār)

cātikaḷ caṇṭaikaḷ cāyttu viḻuttiya
cātaṉaik koṭiyitu – caṅku
ūti muḻaṅkiṭa ūrmaṉai yāvilum
ulaviya koṭiyitu – cama
tarmattiṉ koṭiyitu – eṅkaḷ
tāyavaḷ koṭiyitu – (ēṟutupār)

āyiramāyiram pēreṉa vēṅkaikaḷ
ākkiya koṭiyitu – pira
pākaraṉ eṉṟiṭum kāviya nāyakaṉ
pōṟṟiṭum koṭiyitu – tamiḻt
tēcattiṉ koṭiyitu – eṅkaḷ
tēciyak koṭiyitu (ēṟutupār)

Symbols of Tamil Eelam[edit]

See also[edit]


  2. ^ "Rules guide on use of Tamileelam National flag published". Tamilnet. 26 November 2005. Retrieved 30 July 2014.
  3. ^ "Tamil-Canadians vote for independent state in Sri Lanka". CBC News. Dec 20, 2009. Retrieved 30 July 2014.
  4. ^ Tamil Eelam, Canadian, U.S. flags: Toronto, March 3, 2009
  5. ^ in England
  6. ^ "Tamils protest outside UK parliament". CNN. Retrieved 30 July 2014.
  7. ^ "Tamil flags flown at protest legal, Toronto police say". CBC news. Mar 18, 2009. Retrieved 30 July 2014.
  8. ^ "Row in Sri Lanka over appearance of Tamil 'rebel' flag". BBC. 2 May 2012. Retrieved 30 July 2014.
  9. ^ "Batticaloa students hoist Tamileelam flag in Annai Poopathy event". Tamilnet. 6 April 2006. Retrieved 30 July 2014.
  10. ^ "Tamil Eelam flag hoisted in Geelong city, Australia". 5 February 2013. Archived from the original on 11 August 2014. Retrieved 30 July 2014.
  11. ^ Daya Somasundaram (11.02.2014) Scarred Communities: Psychosocial Impact of Man-made and Natural Disasters on Sri Lankan Society, SAGE Publications India, p. 73.
  12. ^ "History of Tamil National Flag". Youtube. 2009-10-31.
  13. ^ Daya Somasundaram (11.02.2014) Scarred Communities: Psychosocial Impact of Man-made and Natural Disasters on Sri Lankan Society, SAGE Publications India, p. 52.
  14. ^ Balachandran, P K (2012-05-15). Madurai artist sketched LTTE logo. The New Indian Express.
  15. ^ "NATIONAL ANTHEM :FROM "NAMO NAMO" TO "SRI LANKA MATHA"". Daily Mirror. Archived from the original on 27 July 2014. Retrieved 26 July 2014.
  16. ^ Writers sought for Tamil anthem . BBC News. Accessed 21 June 2012.
  17. ^ "Tamil Tigers hunt for catchy new anthem". IBN Live. Reuters. Oct 28, 2005. Retrieved 21 June 2012.
  18. ^ Tamil Eelam's promising display, despite loss to Zanzibar . . Accessed 22 June 2012.
  19. ^ About the Flag. . Accessed 22 June 2012. Archived July 14, 2014, at the Wayback Machine