Symmes Creek

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Symmes Creek
Symmes Creek.jpg
Symmes Creek near its mouth in Chesapeake in 2007
Country United States
State Ohio
Source
 - location Bloomfield Township, Jackson County
 - elevation 740 ft (226 m) [1]
 - coordinates 38°59′38″N 82°33′00″W / 38.99389°N 82.55000°W / 38.99389; -82.55000 [2]
Mouth Ohio River
 - location Chesapeake
 - elevation 518 ft (158 m) [2]
 - coordinates 38°25′38″N 82°26′58″W / 38.42722°N 82.44944°W / 38.42722; -82.44944Coordinates: 38°25′38″N 82°26′58″W / 38.42722°N 82.44944°W / 38.42722; -82.44944 [2]
Length 76 mi (122 km) [3]
Basin 357 sq mi (925 km2) [1]
Discharge for Aid
 - average 426 cu ft/s (12 m3/s) [4]
 - max 7,100 cu ft/s (201 m3/s)
 - min 1 cu ft/s (0 m3/s)
Symmes Creek is located in Ohio
Symmes Creek
Location of the mouth of Symmes Creek in Chesapeake, Ohio

Symmes Creek is a 76.4-mile-long (123.0 km)[3] tributary of the Ohio River in southern Ohio in the United States. Via the Ohio River, it is part of the watershed of the Mississippi River, draining an area of 357 square miles (920 km2) on the unglaciated portion of the Allegheny Plateau.

Symmes Creek rises in Bloomfield Township in southeastern Jackson County and flows generally southward through Madison Township in Jackson County; Greenfield, Perry, and Walnut townships in Gallia County; and Symmes, Aid, Mason, Lawrence, Windsor, and Union townships in Lawrence County, through a portion of the Ironton Unit of the Wayne National Forest and past the communities of Waterloo, Aid, and Willow Wood. It joins the Ohio River at the village of Chesapeake, opposite downtown Huntington, West Virginia.[5]

The United States Board on Geographic Names settled on "Symmes Creek" as the stream's name in 1902. According to the Geographic Names Information System, it has also been known historically as "Simms," "Big Creek," and "Symms Creek."[2]

Flow rate[edit]

At the United States Geological Survey's stream gauge in Aid, the annual mean flow of Symmes Creek between November 2000 and September 2005 was 426 ft³/s (12 m³/s). The highest recorded flow during the period was 7,100 ft³/s (201 m³/s) on May 19, 2001. The lowest recorded flow was 1 ft³/s (0 m³/s) on September 18, 2001.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Ohio Department of Natural Resources (August 2001). "Gazetteer of Ohio Streams" (PDF). p. 59. Retrieved 2010-07-04. 
  2. ^ a b c d Geographic Names Information System. "Geographic Names Information System entry for Symmes Creek (Feature ID #1077020)". Retrieved 2010-07-04. 
  3. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey. National Hydrography Dataset high-resolution flowline data. The National Map, accessed May 26, 2011
  4. ^ a b Mangus, J. P.; S. R. Frum (2005). "Surface-water records, Hocking River through Symmes Creek Basins" (PDF). USGS Ohio Water Resources Data, Water Year 2005. United States Geological Survey. p. 31. Retrieved 2010-07-04.  External link in |work= (help)
  5. ^ Ohio Atlas & Gazetteer. Yarmouth, Me.: DeLorme. 1991. pp. 86–87. ISBN 0-89933-233-1.