Sympathy for the Devil

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"Sympathy for the Devil"
Sympathy for the Devil cover.jpg
German single picture sleeve (1973)
Song by the Rolling Stones
from the album Beggars Banquet
Released6 December 1968 (1968-12-06)
Recorded4–5, 8–10 June 1968
StudioOlympic, London
GenreSamba rock
Length6:18
LabelDecca
Songwriter(s)Jagger/Richards
Producer(s)Jimmy Miller
Audio sample

"Sympathy for the Devil" is a song by English rock band the Rolling Stones, written by Mick Jagger and Keith Richards. It is the opening track on their 1968 album Beggars Banquet.

It is considered one of the best songs of the popular music era, and it is ranked number 32 on Rolling Stone's 500 Greatest Songs of All Time list.[1] It is also the 14th best ranked song on critics' all-time lists according to Acclaimed Music.[2]

Inspiration[edit]

"Sympathy for the Devil" is credited to Jagger and Richards, though the song was largely a Jagger composition.[3] The working title of the song was "The Devil Is My Name", having earlier been called "Fallen Angels". Jagger sings in first person narrative as the Devil, boasting his role in each of several historical atrocities. The singer then ironically demands our courtesy towards him, implicitly chastising the listener for our collective culpability in the listed killings and crimes. In the 2012 documentary Crossfire Hurricane, Jagger stated that his influence for the song came from Baudelaire and from the Russian author Mikhail Bulgakov's novel The Master and Margarita (which had just appeared in English translation in 1967). The book was given to Jagger by Marianne Faithfull and she confirmed the inspiration in an interview with Sylvie Simmons from the magazine Mojo in 2005.[4]

In a 1995 interview with Rolling Stone, Jagger said, "I think that was taken from an old idea of Baudelaire's, I think, but I could be wrong. Sometimes when I look at my Baudelaire books, I can't see it in there. But it was an idea I got from French writing. And I just took a couple of lines and expanded on it. I wrote it as sort of like a Bob Dylan song."[3] It was Richards who suggested changing the tempo and using additional percussion, turning the folk song into a samba.[5]

Furthermore, Jagger stated in the Rolling Stone interview: "it's a very long historical figure — the figures of evil and figures of good — so it is a tremendously long trail he's made as personified in this piece."[3] By the time Beggars Banquet was released, the Rolling Stones had already raised some hackles for sexually forward lyrics such as "Let's Spend the Night Together",[6] and their cover of the Willie Dixon's blues "I Just Want to Make Love to You" etc. There were also claims they had dabbled in Satanism[7] (their previous album, while containing no direct Satanic references in its music or lyrics, was titled Their Satanic Majesties Request). "Sympathy" brought these concerns to the fore, provoking media rumours and fears among some religious groups that the Stones were devil worshippers and a corrupting influence on youth.[7]

The lyrics focus on atrocities in the history of mankind from Satan's point of view including the trial and death of Jesus Christ ("Made damn sure that Pilate washed his hands to seal his fate"), European wars of religion ("I watched with glee while your kings and queens fought for ten decades for the gods they made"), the violence of the Russian Revolution of 1917 and the 1918 shooting of the Romanov family during World War I ("I stuck around St. Petersburg when I saw it was a time for a change/Killed the Tsar and his ministers/Anastasia screamed in vain"), and World War II ("I rode a tank, held a general's rank when the blitzkrieg raged, and the bodies stank"). The song was originally written with the line "I shouted out 'Who killed Kennedy?'" After Robert F. Kennedy's death on 6 June 1968, the line was changed to "Who killed the Kennedys?".[8] And the answer is "when after all it was you and me", which is a way of saying that "the devil is not the other one, but eventually each one of us."[9]

The song may have been spared further controversy when the first single from the album, "Street Fighting Man", became even more controversial in view of the race riots and student protests occurring in many cities in Europe and in the United States.[10]

Recording[edit]

The recording of "Sympathy for the Devil" began at London's Olympic Sound Studios on 4 June 1968 and continued into the next day; overdubs were done on 8, 9 and 10 June.[11] Personnel included on the recording include Nicky Hopkins on piano, Rocky Dijon on congas and Bill Wyman on maracas. Marianne Faithfull, Anita Pallenberg, Brian Jones, Charlie Watts, producer Jimmy Miller, Wyman and Richards performed backup vocals, singing the "woo woos".[citation needed] Richards plays bass on the original recording,[citation needed] and also electric guitar. Brian Jones plays a mostly mixed out acoustic guitar, although in isolated tracks of the studio cut, it is audible playing along with the piano.

In the 2003 book According to the Rolling Stones, Watts commented:

"Sympathy" was one of those sort of songs where we tried everything. The first time I ever heard the song was when Mick was playing it at the front door of a house I lived in in Sussex ... he played it entirely on his own ... and it was fantastic. We had a go at loads of different ways of playing it; in the end I just played a jazz Latin feel in the style that Kenny Clarke would have played on "A Night in Tunisia" – not the actual rhythm he played, but the same styling.[5]

On the overall power of the song, Jagger continued in Rolling Stone:

It has a very hypnotic groove, a samba, which has a tremendous hypnotic power, rather like good dance music. It doesn't speed up or slow down. It keeps this constant groove. Plus, the actual samba rhythm is a great one to sing on, but it's also got some other suggestions in it, an undercurrent of being primitive—because it is a primitive African, South American, Afro-whatever-you-call-that rhythm (candomblé). So to white people, it has a very sinister thing about it. But forgetting the cultural colors, it is a very good vehicle for producing a powerful piece. It becomes less pretentious because it's a very unpretentious groove. If it had been done as a ballad, it wouldn't have been as good.[3]

The backing "who who-woo-woo' vocals, which helped to make the song's sound stand out, came about by accident thanks to Jimmy Miller and Anita Pallenberg. Pallenberg was in the engineering booth with Miller while Jagger was belting out an early vocal take of the song. According to Pallenberg, Miller was half talking to himself as Jagger sang, saying stuff like "Come on Mick, give it your all, who are you singing about? - Who, who?" He then repeated "Who who" several times after that as Jagger sang on, and Pallenberg realized how wonderful that all sounded. After the take, she told Jagger what transpired in the booth and suggested that "who who" be used in the song as a backing vocal chant. The Stones then gave it a go and after the first take, 'Who who" became "woo-woo", with most of this caught on film by director Jean-Luc Godard for his One Plus One (aka Sympathy for the Devil) movie.[citation needed]

Aftermath[edit]

In an interview with Creem, Jagger said, "[When people started taking us as devil worshippers], I thought it was a really odd thing, because it was only one song, after all. It wasn't like it was a whole album, with lots of occult signs on the back. People seemed to embrace the image so readily, [and] it has carried all the way over into heavy metal bands today. Some people have made a living out of doing this; for example, Jimmy Page."[7]

Of the change in public perception the band experienced after the song's release, Richards said in a 1971 interview with Rolling Stone, "Before, we were just innocent kids out for a good time, they're saying, 'They're evil, they're evil.' Oh, I'm evil, really? So that makes you start thinking about evil ... What is evil? Half of it, I don't know how many people think of Mick as the devil or as just a good rock performer or what? There are black magicians who think we are acting as unknown agents of Lucifer and others who think we are Lucifer. Everybody's Lucifer."[9]

Hunter S. Thompson and his attorney Oscar Zeta Acosta kept replaying the song hundreds of times during their drug-induced Chevy ride to Las Vegas in 1971 in order to maintain focus whilst high on class A drugs. However, in Thompson’s autobiography Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas, that fact was never mentioned. Neither was it mentioned in Terry Gilliam’s 1998 adaptation of the same name.

Contrary to a widespread misconception, it was "Under My Thumb" and not "Sympathy for the Devil" that the Rolling Stones were performing when Meredith Hunter was killed at the Altamont Free Concert.[7] Rolling Stone magazine's early articles on the incident typically misreported that the killing took place during "Sympathy for the Devil",[12] but the Stones in fact played "Sympathy for the Devil" earlier in the concert; it was interrupted by a fight and restarted, Jagger commenting, "We're always having—something very funny happens when we start that number." Several other songs were performed before Hunter was killed.[11]

Personnel[edit]

Certifications[edit]

Region Certification Certified units/sales
Germany (BVMI)[15] Gold 250,000^
Italy (FIMI)[16] Platinum 50,000double-dagger
United Kingdom (BPI)[17] Gold 400,000double-dagger

^shipments figures based on certification alone
double-daggersales+streaming figures based on certification alone

Appearances in media[edit]

The song was featured in the video games Tony Hawk's Proving Ground, Guitar Hero 5, Mafia III and Call of Duty: Black Ops. The Fatboy Slim remix was featured in the music video game Just Dance 2. The song also appears in the 2016 DC Comics superhero film Suicide Squad. It plays when the character of Amanda Waller (played by Viola Davis) is first introduced.

In the Vertigo graphic novel V for Vendetta by Alan Moore and David Lloyd, the character "V" quotes the opening lyrics to the song as he confronts a paedophile bishop who is later murdered by him.

The title of the first episode of season 5 of the CW series Supernatural is named after the song, but the song does not actually play in the episode. Similarly, the song's name serves as the title for the sixth episode, or "session" of the Sunrise anime television series Cowboy Bebop, though the song itself does not play in the episode.

In 1990, the song was used in the Season Two episode of the TV series Midnight Caller entitled "Nighthawk's Got the Blues". The song was also used in the 1998 film Fallen.

In 2015, the song was used in the Focus and appeared on Track #7 of the soundtrack.

It also appeared in an episode of The Black List to describe Red Reddington

The 1968 film and others[edit]

Cover art for DVD release

Sympathy for the Devil is also the title of a producer's edit of a 1968 film by Jean-Luc Godard whose own original version is called One Plus One. The film, a depiction of the late 1960s American counterculture, also featured the Rolling Stones in the process of recording the song in the studio. On the filming, Jagger said in Rolling Stone: "[it was] very fortuitous, because Godard wanted to do a film of us in the studio. I mean, it would never happen now, to get someone as interesting as Godard. And stuffy. We just happened to be recording that song. We could have been recording 'My Obsession.' But it was 'Sympathy for the Devil', and it became the track that we used."[3]

During the several days of recording the Stones as they played, a film lamp set up by Godard's crew, started a major fire in the studio that caused substantial damage to the studio and laid waste to some of the band’s equipment. However, the song's tapes were saved by producer Jimmy Miller before he fled the studio, and Godard kept his cameras rolling capturing the fire on film as it roared on.

Guns N' Roses version[edit]

"Sympathy for the Devil"
Gnr sympathy.jpg
Single by Guns N' Roses
from the album Interview with the Vampire soundtrack
B-side"Escape to Paris" (by Elliot Goldenthal)
Released13 December 1994 (1994-12-13)
RecordedOctober 1994
GenreHard rock
Length7:36
LabelGeffen
Songwriter(s)Jagger/Richards
Producer(s)
Guns N' Roses singles chronology
"Since I Don't Have You"
(1994)
"Sympathy for the Devil"
(1994)
"Chinese Democracy"
(2008)

Guns N' Roses recorded a cover in 1994 which reached number 55 on the Billboard Hot 100; it was featured in the closing credits of Neil Jordan's film adaptation of Anne Rice's Interview with the Vampire (except the 4K cut of the film) and was included on their Greatest Hits album. This cover is noteworthy for causing an incident involving incoming guitarist, Paul "Huge" Tobias, that was partially responsible for guitarist Slash departing from the band in 1996.[18] Slash has described the Guns N' Roses version of the song as "the sound of the band breaking up".[19]

Rhythm guitarist Gilby Clarke, who does not appear on the recording, noted that the recording foreshadowed his departure from the band:

They did that while I was on the road touring for my solo record. […] I knew that that was the ending because nobody told me about it. Officially I was in the band at that time, and they did that song without me. That was one of the last straws for me, because nobody had said anything to me, and they recorded a song by one of my favorite bands. It was pretty clear I'm a big Rolling Stones fan, and they recorded the song without me. So I knew that was it.[20]

Personnel[edit]

Charts[edit]

Weekly charts[edit]

Chart (1994–1995) Peak
position
Australia (ARIA)[21] 12
Austria (Ö3 Austria Top 40)[22] 17
Belgium (Ultratop 50 Flanders)[23] 18
Belgium (Ultratop 50 Wallonia)[24] 40
Canada Top Singles (RPM)[25] 48
Canada (The Record)[26] 9
Denmark (IFPI)[27] 2
Europe (Eurochart Hot 100)[28] 3
Finland (Suomen virallinen lista)[29] 2
France (SNEP)[30] 15
Germany (Official German Charts)[31] 20
Iceland (Íslenski Listinn Topp 40)[32] 4
Ireland (IRMA)[33] 5
Italy (Musica e dischi)[34] 5
Netherlands (Dutch Top 40)[35] 10
Netherlands (Single Top 100)[36] 9
New Zealand (Recorded Music NZ)[37] 13
Norway (VG-lista)[38] 5
Scotland (Official Charts Company)[39] 8
Spain (AFYVE)[40] 4
Sweden (Sverigetopplistan)[41] 7
Switzerland (Schweizer Hitparade)[42] 15
UK Singles (Official Charts Company)[43] 9
US Billboard Hot 100[44] 55
US Mainstream Rock (Billboard)[45] 10

Year-end charts[edit]

Chart (1995) Position
Europe (Eurochart Hot 100)[46] 63
Iceland (Íslenski Listinn Topp 40)[47] 86

Sales and certifications[edit]

Region Certification Certified units/sales
Japan (RIAJ)[48] Gold 50,000^

^shipments figures based on certification alone

Other recorded versions[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sympathy For the Devil ranked #32 on Rolling Stone 500 Greatest Songs List". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 14 May 2020.
  2. ^ "Sympathy For the Devil 14th most acclaimed song". Acclaimed Music. Retrieved 14 May 2020.
  3. ^ a b c d e Wenner, Jann (14 December 1995). "Mick Jagger Remembers". Rolling Stone.
  4. ^ Vanhellemont, Jan. "The Rolling Stones – Sympathy for the Devil". EU: The Master and Margarita.
  5. ^ a b Jagger, Mick; Richards, Keith; Watts, Charlie; Wood, Ronnie (2003). According to the Rolling Stones. Chronicle Books. p. 119. ISBN 0-8118-4060-3.
  6. ^ Unterberger, Richie. "Let's Spend the Night Together". allmusic. 2007 . Retrieved 26 June 2007.
  7. ^ a b c d Cruickshank, Douglas. "Sympathy for the Devil". Salon.com. Retrieved 25 June 2006.
  8. ^ Jagger/Richards (20 June 2004). "Sympathy for the Devil". RollingStones.com. Archived from the original on 30 September 2007. Retrieved 1 March 2008.
  9. ^ a b Greenfield, Robert (19 August 1971). "The Rolling Stone Interview: Keith Richards". Rolling Stone.
  10. ^ Wyman, Bill (2002). Rolling With the Stones. DK Publishing. p. 309. ISBN 0-7894-9998-3.
  11. ^ a b Zentgraf, Nico. "The Complete Works of the Rolling Stones 1962–2008". Retrieved 23 February 2008.
  12. ^ Burks, John (7 February 1970). "Rock & Roll's Worst Day". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 13 September 2008.
  13. ^ a b One Plus One - Jean-Luc Godard
  14. ^ Margotin, Philippe; Guesdon, Jean-Michel, 2016. The Rolling Stones All the Songs: The Story Behind Every Track. New York: Black Dog & Leventhal. p. 256.
  15. ^ "Gold-/Platin-Datenbank (The Rolling Stones; 'Sympathy For The Devil')" (in German). Bundesverband Musikindustrie. Retrieved 15 May 2018.
  16. ^ "Italian single certifications – The Rolling Stones – (Sympathy for the devil)" (in Italian). Federazione Industria Musicale Italiana. Retrieved 28 October 2019. Select "2019" in the "Anno" drop-down menu. Select "(Sympathy for the devil)" in the "Filtra" field. Select "Singoli online" under "Sezione".
  17. ^ "British single certifications – The Rolling Stones – (Sympathy for the devil)". British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved 22 June 2018. Select singles in the Format field. Select Gold in the Certification field. Type (Sympathy for the devil) in the "Search BPI Awards" field and then press Enter.
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  20. ^ "Gilby Clarke Opens Up About His Final Guns N' Roses Gig". Ultimate Classic Rock.
  21. ^ "Australian-charts.com – Guns N' Roses – Sympathy for the Devil". ARIA Top 50 Singles. Retrieved 26 March 2017.
  22. ^ "Austriancharts.at – Guns N' Roses – Sympathy for the Devil" (in German). Ö3 Austria Top 40. Retrieved 26 March 2017.
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  25. ^ "Top RPM Singles: Issue 2701." RPM. Library and Archives Canada. Retrieved 25 November 2019.
  26. ^ "HITS OF THE WORLD". Billboard. Retrieved 30 December 2018.
  27. ^ "Top 10 Sales in Europe" (PDF). Music & Media. Vol. 12 no. 3. 21 January 1995. p. 15. Retrieved 12 April 2020.
  28. ^ "Eurochart Hot 100 Singles" (PDF). Music & Media. Vol. 12 no. 3. 21 January 1995. p. 13. Retrieved 12 April 2020.
  29. ^ Pennanen, Timo. Sisältää hitin: levyt ja esittäjät Suomen musiikkilistoilla vuodesta 1972. Otava Publishing Company Ltd, 2003. ISBN 951-1-21053-X
  30. ^ "Lescharts.com – Guns N' Roses – Sympathy for the Devil" (in French). Les classement single. Retrieved 26 March 2017.
  31. ^ "Offiziellecharts.de – Guns N' Roses – Sympathy for the Devil". GfK Entertainment Charts. Retrieved 26 March 2017.
  32. ^ "Íslenski Listinn Topp 40 (21.01 '95 – 27.01 '95)". Dagblaðið Vísir (in Icelandic). 21 January 1995. p. 20. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  33. ^ "The Irish Charts – Search Results – Guns N' Roses". Irish Singles Chart. Retrieved 26 March 2017.
  34. ^ "Top 10 Sales in Europe" (PDF). Music & Media. Vol. 12 no. 2. 14 January 1995. p. 11. Retrieved 25 November 2019.
  35. ^ "Nederlandse Top 40 – week 2, 1995" (in Dutch). Dutch Top 40 Retrieved 28 September 2018.
  36. ^ "Dutchcharts.nl – Guns N' Roses – Sympathy for the Devil" (in Dutch). Single Top 100. Retrieved 26 March 2017.
  37. ^ "Charts.nz – Guns N' Roses – Sympathy for the Devil". Top 40 Singles. Retrieved 26 March 2017.
  38. ^ "Norwegiancharts.com – Guns N' Roses – Sympathy for the Devil". VG-lista. Retrieved 26 March 2017.
  39. ^ "Official Scottish Singles Sales Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 28 September 2018.
  40. ^ Salaverri, Fernando (September 2005). Sólo éxitos: año a año, 1959–2002 (1st ed.). Spain: Fundación Autor-SGAE. ISBN 84-8048-639-2.
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  45. ^ "Guns N' Roses Chart History (Mainstream Rock)". Billboard. Retrieved 26 March 2017.
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  47. ^ "Árslistinn 1995". Dagblaðið Vísir (in Icelandic). 2 January 1996. p. 25. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  48. ^ ""RIAJ > The Record > June 1995 > Page 5 > Certified Awards (April 1995)"" (PDF). Recording Industry Association of Japan (in Japanese). Retrieved 14 February 2014.
  49. ^ "Laibach - Sympathy For The Devil". Discogs. Retrieved 26 June 2019.
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  51. ^ "Science & Nature". Allmusic.com. Retrieved 18 August 2017.
  52. ^ "video BAND OF SKULLS / JOHN JEHN : Sympathy for the devil – bande of skulls, band of skull, band skulls – videos MYTARATATA.COM". Video.mytaratata.com. Archived from the original on 28 February 2014. Retrieved 15 October 2010.
  53. ^ "Motörhead To Release 'Bad Magic' In August". Blabbermouth.net. 4 June 2015. Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  54. ^ "Sandie Shaw – Reviewing The Situation". discogs.com. Retrieved 16 June 2017.

External links[edit]