From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Darters or
Darter August 2007-20.jpg
Sympetrum fonscolombii
White-faced Meadowhawks in wheel position, Shirleys Bay.jpg
White-faced Meadowhawks (Sympetrum obtrusum) in "wheel position", Shirleys Bay, Ottawa
Scientific classification

Newman, 1833
Sympetrum vicinum mating

Sympetrum is a genus of small to medium-sized skimmer dragonflies, known as darters in the UK and as meadowhawks in North America. The more than 50 species predominantly live in the temperate zone of the Northern Hemisphere; no Sympetrum species is native to Australia.

Most North American darters fly in late summer and autumn, breeding in ponds and foraging over meadows. Commonly, they are yellow-gold as juveniles, with mature males and some females becoming bright red on part or all of their bodies. An exception to this color scheme is the black darter (Sympetrum danae).[1]

The genus includes the following species:[2]


  1. ^ Needham, James G.; Minter J. Westfall Jr; Michael L. May (2000). Dragonflies of North America (rev. ed.). Gainesville, FL: Scientific Publishers. p. 795. ISBN 0-945417-94-2.
  2. ^ Martin Schorr; Dennis Paulson. "World Odonata List". University of Puget Sound. Retrieved 12 October 2018.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "North American Odonata". University of Puget Sound. 2009. Retrieved 5 August 2010.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g "Checklist of UK Species". British Dragonfly Society. Retrieved 5 August 2010.
  5. ^ a b c d "Checklist, English common names". Archived from the original on 4 December 2012. Retrieved 5 August 2010.
  6. ^ Suhling, F. & Martens, A. (2011). "Sympetrum dilatatum". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2011: e.T21226A9259879. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2011-1.RLTS.T21226A9259879.en. Retrieved 23 December 2017.
  7. ^ Samways, Michael J. (2008). Dragonflies and damselflies of South Africa (1st ed.). Sofia: Pensoft. ISBN 9546423300.
  8. ^ Autumn Darter, Kochi
  9. ^ Clausnitzer, V. (2009). "Sympetrum haritonovi". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2009: e.T158697A5261939. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2009-2.RLTS.T158697A5261939.en. Retrieved 23 December 2017.
  10. ^ Kalkman, V.J. (2009). "Sympetrum nigrifemur". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2010.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 25 August 2010.
  11. ^ Paulson, D. R. (2009). "Sympetrum nigrocreatum". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2009: e.T164924A5939416. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2009-2.RLTS.T164924A5939416.en. Retrieved 23 December 2017.
  12. ^ Dunkle, S. W. (2000). Dragonflies through Binoculars. OUP.