Symphonia globulifera

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Symphonia globulifera
Symphonia globulifera L. f.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Clusiaceae
Subfamily: Clusioideae
Tribe: Symphonieae
Genus: Symphonia
Species: S. globulifera
Binomial name
Symphonia globulifera

Symphonia gabonensis (Vesque) Pierre
Symphonia microphyllaR.E. Schult.
Symphonia utilissimaR.E. Schult.
Moronobea coccinea Aubl.
Moronobea globulifera (L.f) Schltdl.

Symphonia globulifera is a timber tree native to Central America, South America and Africa. This plant is also used as a medicinal plant and ornamental plant.

Common names[edit]

Common trade names of the wood of the Symphonia globulifera are: Chewstick, Chestick, Manni, and Árbol de Leche Maria.


Central America: Belize, Costa Rica, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama
Caribbean: Dominica, Guadeloupe, Hispaniola, Jamaica, St. Lucia
Northern South America: French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela
Brazil: Brazil
Western South America: Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador
East Tropical Africa: Burundi, Uganda
West-Central Tropical Africa: Cameroon, Gabon, Sao Tome, Principe, Zaire
West Tropical Africa: Côte d'Ivoire, Ghana, Liberia, Nigeria, Sierra Leone
South Tropical Africa: Angola


  1. ^ "Symphonia globulifera L.f. record n° 8167" (HTML). African Plants Database. South African National Biodiversity Institute, the Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de la Ville de Genève and Tela Botanica. Retrieved 2008-05-12. 
  2. ^ Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN) (1987-02-20). "Taxon: Symphonia globulifera L. f" (HTML). Taxonomy for Plants. USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program, National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. Retrieved 2008-05-12. 
  3. ^ "Symphonia globulifera L. f" (HTML). Tropicos. Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved 2008-05-12. 
  4. ^ "Symphonia globulifera L.f" (HTML). Classificação segundo a Flora brasiliensis. Retrieved 2008-05-12. 

See also[edit]

External links[edit]