Symphony No. 12 (Haydn)

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The Symphony No. 12 in E major (Hoboken I/12) is a symphony by Joseph Haydn. The symphony was composed in 1763, at the age of 31, under the patronage of Prince Nikolaus Esterházy.[1]

It is scored for 2 oboes, bassoon, 2 horns, strings and continuo.[2] The symphony is homotonal and in three movements:

  1. Allegro, 2/2
  2. Adagio, 6/8 in E minor
  3. Presto, 2/4

The second movement is in "siciliano", or rocking rhythm,[3] similar to the pastoral slow movements of Symphonies 27 and B.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Antony Hodgson, The Music of Joseph Haydn: The Symphonies. London: The Tantivy Press (1976): 202. The chart places No. 12 in 1763, in boldface, indicating the presence of an autograph score.
  2. ^ H. C. Robbins Landon, The Symphonies of Joseph Haydn. London: Universal Edition & Rockliff (1955): 633. "2 ob., 2 cor., str. (fag.) [ cemb. ]. Fag. from 5."
  3. ^ H. C. Robbins Landon, Haydn: Chronicle and Works, 5 vols. (Bloomington and London: Indiana University Press, 1976–[full citation needed]) v. 1: "Haydn: The Early Years, 1732–1765":[page needed]