Symphony No. 14 (Haydn)

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This article is about the symphony by Joseph Haydn. For the symphony by Michael Haydn, see Symphony No. 14 (Michael Haydn).

Joseph Haydn's Symphony No. 14 in A major, Hoboken I/14, may have been written between 1761 and 1763.[1]

Symphony No. 14 is scored for 2 oboes, bassoon, 2 horns, strings and continuo. As was becoming more common for Haydn, this symphony has four movements:

  1. Allegro molto, 3
    4
  2. Andante in D major, 2
    4
  3. Menuetto e Trio: Allegretto, with the Trio in A minor, both 3
    4
  4. Allegro, 6
    8

The Andante was originally the finale of an early divertimento "Der Geburtstag" (en. "Birthday"), Hob. II/11.[2] The variations of the divertimento are reworked into sonata form for the symphony.

The trio of the Minuet features an oboe solo accompanied by violins and cello.[2]

The finale is highly contrapuntal[2] and is based on a descending scale.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ H. C. Robbins Landon, The Symphonies of Joseph Haydn. London: Universal Edition & Rockliff (1955): 636
  2. ^ a b c H. C. Robbins Landon, Haydn: Chronicle and Works, 5 vols. (Bloomington and London: Indiana University Press, 1976–[full citation needed]) v. 1: "Haydn: The Early Years, 1732–1765":[page needed].
  3. ^ A. Peter Brown, The Symphonic Repertoire (Volume 2) (Bloomington and London: Indiana University Press, 2002): 66–67. ISBN 025333487X.