Symphony No. 20 (Haydn)

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The Symphony No. 20 in C major (Hoboken I/20) is a festive[1] symphony by Joseph Haydn. Hodgson places the composition date in either 1761 or 1762[2] while Brown states that it was likely composed before 1761. [3] Calvin Stapert affirmatively states that it was composed in the group of 15 symphonies within Haydns tenure with Count Morzin (1757 - March 1761). And is festive, like C major Symphonies 32, 33, and 37. [4]It is scored for 2 oboes, bassoon, 2 horns, 2 trumpets, timpani, strings and continuo.[5] The symphony is in four movements:

  1. Allegro molto, 2
    4
  2. Andante cantabile, 2
    2
    in G major
  3. Minuetto (C major) & Trio, F major 3
    4
  4. Presto, 3
    8

The winds are silent in the serenade-like second movement with the melody in the first violins, broken chords in the second violins and a pizzicato bassline.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Antony Hodgson, The Music of Joseph Haydn: The Symphonies. London: The Tantivy Press (1976): 57.
  2. ^ (Hodgson, 1976): 202.
  3. ^ a b A. Peter Brown, The first golden age of the Viennese symphony: Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven, and Schubert, p. 47. Indiana University Press, 2002. ISBN 0-253-33487-X, 9780253334879
  4. ^ Stapert, Calvin (2014). Playing Before the Lord- Life of Joseph Haydn. p. 35.
  5. ^ H. C. Robbins Landon, The Symphonies of Joseph Haydn. London: Universal Edition & Rockliff (1955): 645. "2 ob., 2 cor. (C, prob. alto), 2 clarini (trpt.), timp. str. [ fag., cemb. ]."