Symphony No. 2 (Bruckner)
|Symphony No. 2|
|by Anton Bruckner|
A portrait of Anton Bruckner, c. 1860
|Date||26 October 1873|
Anton Bruckner's Symphony No. 2 in C minor was completed in 1872, and revised, like most of Bruckner's other symphonies, at various points thereafter. This work is sometimes known as the "Symphony of Pauses".
It was composed after the Symphony "No. 0" in D minor (which was itself composed after the Symphony No. 1 in C minor). It is the only "official" Bruckner symphony (that is to say, excluding "No. 0") without a dedication: Franz Liszt tacitly rejected the dedication, and Richard Wagner chose the Symphony No. 3 in D minor instead. The premiere was given with Bruckner himself conducting in 1873.
- 1 Description
- 2 Versions
- 3 Selected discography
- 4 References
- 5 External links
The symphony has four movements:
- Moderato, C minor
- Scherzo: Mäßig schnell (Moderately fast), C minor — Trio: Gleiches Tempo (Same tempo), C major (Put in 3rd position in the later versions).
- Feierlich, etwas bewegt (Solemnly, somewhat animated), A-flat major
- Finale: Ziemlich schnell (Fairly fast), C minor
This version has been published in an edition by William Carragan (published 2005). In this version, the Scherzo and slow movement are swapped, the scherzo preceding. It has been recorded by Kurt Eichhorn, Georg Tintner, Simone Young, and Herbert Blomstedt. "Bruckner's mania for revision sometimes bore positive fruits … , but with other works such as the Second and the Third his first versions seem to me the best."
This version, which was used at the premiere, replaces the horn in a solo at the end of the Adagio, considered unplayable by the hornplayer, by a clarinet and the viola section, deletes repeats in the scherzo and replaces a "very dissonant section of the development" in the Finale. This version has been recorded by Kurt Eichhorn.
Certain details of this version, together with details of the 1873 version, appear in the Carragan edition of the symphony. It has also been recorded by Kurt Eichhorn.
Haas' edition contains some features of the previous version, which, as in the 1890 version of the 8th symphony, were crossed out by Bruckner in the 1877 manuscript. The edition by William Carragan (published 1997) is a corrected Nowak edition. Most recordings of the symphony are made of the Haas and Nowak versions. The Carragan edition has been recorded by Daniel Barenboim.
This version was edited by Cyrill Hynais. Until recently it was thought to be inauthentic, but Carragan has shown that it corresponds closely to the 1877 version. A cut version of the scherzo of this version was used in the first recording of this symphony, by Fritz Zaun in 1934. There is a single full recording of this version, which has been performed by Hermann Scherchen with the Toronto Symphony Orchestra in 1965.
The first commercial recording of part of the symphony was made by Fritz Zaun with the Berlin State Opera Orchestra in 1934. It contained only a cut version of the scherzo, in the 1892 first published edition.
The first commercial recording was by Volkmar Andreae with the Vienna Symphony Orchestra in 1953, also using the Haas edition. The first recording on Hybrid SACD was by Simone Young conducting the Hamburg Philharmonic.
- Georg Tintner conducting the RTÉ National Symphony Orchestra, studio recording, 1996, Naxos
- Simone Young conducting the Hamburg Philharmonic Orchestra, 2006, BMG SACD
- Gerd Schaller conducting the Philharmonie Festiva, live recording, Profil PH 12022, 2011
- Herbert Blomstedt conducting the Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra, 2012, Querstand SACD
- Franz Konwitschny conducting the Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra, live recording, 1951, Berlin Classics
- Erich Schmid conducting the Southwest German Radio Symphony Orchestra, studio recording, 1965, Ampex
- Horst Stein conducting the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra, studio recording, 1973, Decca/London
- Christoph Eschenbach conducting the Houston Symphony Orchestra, live recording, 1996, Koch
- Carlo Maria Giulini conducting the Vienna Symphony Orchestra, studio recording, 1974, Testament
- Eugen Jochum conducting the Staatskapelle Dresden, studio recording, 1980, EMI
- Herbert von Karajan conducting the Berliner Philharmoniker, studio recording, 1981, Deutsche Grammophon
- Stanisław Skrowaczewski conducting the Saarbrücken Radio Symphony Orchestra, studio recording, 1999, Arte Nova/Oehms Classics
- Hiroshi Wakasugi conducting the Saarbrücken Radio Symphony Orchestra, studio recording, 2004, Arte Nova
- Thomas Dausgaard conducting the Swedish Chamber Orchestra, studio recording, 2010, BIS
- Hermann Scherchen conducting the Toronto Symphony Orchestra, 1965, Disco Archivia CD
- DID YOU KNOW?: A MUSIC LOVER’S GUIDE to NICKNAMES, TITLES, and WHIMSY
- William Carragan – Time analysis of versions 1872 and 1877
- Tintner's booklet, recording of the 1872 version, Naxos CD 8.554006, 1996
- Stephen Johnson, "Bruckner: guilty or not guilty?", The Independent, 10 Januari 1996
- Berky,J.F., Nov. 2013, Downloadable Flac files of original recording
- Anton Bruckner Critical Complete Edition – Symphony No. 2 in C minor
- Symphony No. 2: Scores at the International Music Score Library Project
- Full score (Haas/1877) at the Indiana University school of music
- Bruckner Symphony Versions by David Griegel
- Complete discography of the symphony by John Berky
- Essay by Dr. Benjamin-Gunnar Cohrs on the Editions of Symphony No. 2