Symphony No. 2 (Haydn)

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This article is about the symphony by Joseph Haydn. For the symphony by Michael Haydn, see Symphony No. 2 (Michael Haydn).

Joseph Haydn's Symphony No. 2 in C major, Hoboken I/2, is believed to have been written between 1757 and 1761.

It is scored for 2 oboes, bassoon, 2 horns, strings and continuo.[1] Like many of the earliest symphonies by Haydn and others of the time, it is in three movements:

  1. Allegro, 2
    2
  2. Andante in G major, 2
    4
  3. Presto, 3
    8

In the second movement, the wind instruments are omitted and the violins play in semiquavers from start to finish (a kind of perpetuum mobile) with the pattern frequently broken by the use of trills.[2] The violas in this slow movement double the bass part throughout at an octave above.[3] (e.g., "col basso," which was common in the period). Also, the first and second violins are the same in the second movement. The last movement is "Haydn's first attempt at a symphonic rondo and is characterized by a preoccupation with imitative processes."[4] It is the only one of Haydn's symphonies that contains no repeat signs.[5] It is also one of his shortest symphonies; performances generally last less than ten minutes.

References[edit]

  1. ^ H. C. Robbins Landon, The Symphonies of Joseph Haydn. London: Universal Edition & Rockliff (1955): 616. "2 ob., 2 cor., str., [ fag., cemb. ]"
  2. ^ H. C. Robbins Landon, Haydn: Chronicle and Works, 5 vols. (Bloomington and London: Indiana University Press, 1976–[full citation needed]) v. 1: "Haydn: the Early Years, 1732–1765",[page needed].
  3. ^ Landon 1955: 203
  4. ^ William E. Grim, Haydn's Sturm und Drang Symphonies: Form and Meaning. Lewiston: The Edwin Mellen Press (1990): 95
  5. ^ Antony Hodgson, "The Music of Joseph Haydn: The Symphonies"[full citation needed], p. 47.