Symphony No. 2 (Paine)

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Symphony No. 2 in A major, subtitled Im Frühling or In Spring, is the second symphony by American composer John Knowles Paine.


The symphony was composed in 1879 and published in Boston in 1880,[1][2] at a time when few American composers were able to find publishers for symphonic works. It was also premiered in Boston in 1880, and was extremely well received, prompting handkerchief-waving and shouting at the first performance.[3] Historian Louis Elson compared its final movement to Robert Schumann's Symphony in B flat, which is also subtitled "Spring".[3]


The symphony is in four movements:

  1. Adagio sostenuto - "Departure of Winter" Allegro ma non troppo "Awakening of Nature"
  2. Scherzo Allegro "May-Night Fantasy"
  3. Adagio "A Romance of Springtime"
  4. Allegro giojoso "The Glory of Nature"[2]


  1. ^ Kenneth C. Roberts and John C. Schmidt. "John Knowles Paine". Grove Music online.
  2. ^ a b Steven Ledbetter, Liner Notes to New World Records CD 80350 "John Knowles Paine, Symphony Nº. 2 in A-Major Im Frühling
  3. ^ a b Chase, Gilbert. America's Music. 3rd rev. edn., 1992, p. 342.

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