Symphony No. 37 (Haydn)

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The Symphony No. 37 in C major, Hob. I/37, is a symphony by Joseph Haydn. The numbering is misleading, as it is one of Haydn's earliest symphonies. A copy of the score at Český Krumlov is dated 1758.[1]

Movements[edit]

The work is scored for two oboes, bassoon, two horns, trumpets, timpani and strings with continuo.[2] It is possible the trumpet and timpani parts were added later.[3]

The work is in four movements:

  1. Presto, 2
    4
  2. Menuet (C major) e Trio, C minor 3
    4
  3. Andante, C minor 2
    4
  4. Presto, 3
    8

The work is one of the few symphonies of the Classical era to place the Minuet second (others include Haydn's 32nd and 44th, and his brother Michael's 15th and 16th).

Similarities have been drawn between the 2
4
opening movement and the 2
4
finale to Georg von Reutter's Servizio di tavola in C major from 1757.[1] The two knew each other because Reutter was the director of music in St. Stephen's Cathedral where Haydn sang as a child.

The slow movement is very similar to the slow movement in one of Haydn's earliest piano sonatas, Hob. XVI:Es2.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Brown, A. Peter, The Symphonic Repertoire (Volume 2). Indiana University Press (ISBN 025333487X), pp. 42–43 (2002).
  2. ^ H. C. Robbins Landon, The Symphonies of Joseph Haydn. London: Universal Edition & Rockliff (1955): 671. "2 ob., 2 cor. (prob. in C alto) and/or 2 clarini (trpt.), timp., str. [fag., cemb.]."
  3. ^ Hodgson (1976): 59. "The trumpet and timpani parts were almost certainly added later."